Medical Ethics


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  • Medical Ethics

    1. 1. MEDICAL ETHICS By: Kinsey Hill
    2. 2. TECHNOLOGICALLY ADVANCED <ul><li>In recent years our technology in medicine has greatly improved. </li></ul><ul><li>The problem is, the more advanced we get, the more our ethics are challenged. </li></ul><ul><li>1 st thing—What are ethics?? </li></ul><ul><li>According to my little brother Zach- ethics are a type of bug. </li></ul>Ethics are a set of moral principles that pertain to a form of conduct
    3. 3. Rapid Advancements in Medicine
    4. 4. <ul><li>Who decides whether a patient lives or dies? </li></ul><ul><li>Where can the line be drawn? </li></ul><ul><li>Should doctors administer critical care without consent? </li></ul>Is stem cell research ethical? Is abortion ethical? Questions of Importance STOP. One Question at a time. First we’ll talk about research
    5. 5. MEDICAL RESEARCH <ul><li>As I’ve said, medical research has recently become so advanced, that the ethics are being questioned. </li></ul><ul><li>I believe the best way to proceed with research is through a clinical trial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Informed Consent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessment of Risks and Benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Selection of Subjects </li></ul></ul>You should note that research and patient care are NOT the same. Different levels of documentation of consent are needed for research
    6. 6. KEY CONSIDERATION THAT MUST BE REVIEWED #1 <ul><li>Informed Consent- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The subject needs to get complete information about the study </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The information presented must be comprehensible (sometime masked in technical language) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consent must be completely voluntary </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. KEY CONSIDERATION #2 <ul><li>Assessment of risks and benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The risk of any clinical trial should not outweigh its potential benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AKA Non-maleficence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The obligation not to inflict harm intentionally </li></ul></ul></ul>
    8. 8. CONSIDERATION #3 <ul><li>Selection of Subjects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The selection procedure should be carried out fairly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This means: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No biases </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No marginalizing (opting for prisoners) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    9. 9. TREATMENT <ul><li>Suppose one of your siblings was in some kind of accident and the only way doctors can think to save him/her is some kind of experimental treatment </li></ul>A. Have doctors wait for you to get to the hospital to give consent B. The doctors flip a coin to see how they treat the patient C. The doctors go ahead and give the treatment they think is best Would you rather…
    10. 10. MEDICAL FUTILITY (AMA GUIDELINES) <ul><li>A patient has the right to refuse treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Physicians can refuse to provide treatment they consider medically futile </li></ul><ul><li>This guideline advises physicians against non-medical value judgments that are inconsistent with patient autonomy. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This basically means that doctors can’t judge you on you on your beliefs. They should have nothing to do with your treatment. </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. OPINION <ul><li>Doctors should be able to perform necessary emergency procedures without consent </li></ul><ul><li>Problems: </li></ul><ul><li>People suing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Death </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Injury </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Clinical Trials should be allowed </li></ul><ul><li>People think testing humans is unethical </li></ul><ul><li>Then comes the problem of paying people for letting doctors test on them </li></ul>
    12. 12. “ IF PAST ERROR IS TO PREVENT US FROM PRESENT ACTION, SHOULD WE DO NOTHING AT ALL?” The End Credits: House Theme Song: Teardrop by: Massive Attack.