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Indian national movement

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A Template for
INDIAN NATIONAL MOVEMENT
CBSE BASED
Really good with animations,
ppt2003 compatible

Published in: Education
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Indian national movement

  1. 1. Indian National Movement 1870s-1947 THE HISTORY OF OUR COUNTRY INDIA
  2. 2. Learned Till Now Causes of the rise of Indian National Movement. Rise of Indian Nationalism(18 85-1905). Origin of the Indian National
  3. 3. Let’s learn what happened.
  4. 4. Start of the………. National Movement in an Organised Way. Attitude of the Government. The Moderates.(AD 1885- 1905) Demands of the Moderates. Methods Of the Moderates. Contribution of the Moderates. In 1885,with the foundation of the congress,Indias freedom struggle was started in and organised manner. Pherozeshah mehta,Surendernath Banerji,Gopal Gokhale were some presidents of Congress from 1885-1905. Methods and the demands of the Congress during the early phase were moderate.Constitutional and peaceful methods were adopted to achieve its aims
  5. 5. Attitude of the Government. o The attitude of the government wwaass ffrriieennddllyy iinn tthhee bbeeggiinnnniinngg.. o LLoorrdd DDuuffffeerriinn iinnvviitteedd tthhee ddeelleeggaatteess ooff tthhee NNaattiioonnaall CCoonnggrreessss iinn aa ppaarrttyy iinn CCaallccuuttttaa iinn DDeecceemmbbeerr 11888866.. o TThhiiss oorraaggnniissaattiioonn wwoouulldd ttrryy ttoo kknnooww tthhee wwiisshheess ooff tthhee ppeeooppllee aanndd hheellpp tthhee aauutthhoorriittiieess iinn tthhee aaddmmiinniissttrraattiioonn.. o TThhee CCoonnggrreessss bbeeggaann ttoo aasskk ffoorr mmoorree rreeffoorrmmss aass tthhee ttiimmee ppaasssseedd.. o TThhiiss ttiimmee tthhee aattttiittuuddee ooff tthhee ggoovveerrnnmmeenntt bbeeccaammee bbeeccaammee UUnnffrriieennddllyy.. o TThheeyy uusseedd tthhee DDIIVVIIDDEE AANNDD RRUULLEE ppoolliiccyy ttoo ccrraattee aa gguullff bbeettwweeeenn tthhee hhiinndduuss aanndd mmuusslliimmss aanndd ttoo cchheecckk tthhee ggrroowwtthh ooff tthhee NNaattiioonnaall MMoovveemmeenntt
  6. 6. The Moderates.(AD 1885-1905) • The congress was led and controlled by the moderate nationalist during the from 1885 to 1905. • Dadabhai Naroji,Surendranath Benerji ,Pherozeshah Mehta,Gopal Gokhale and more were the famous Moderates. • They were famous for their simple demands and they used constitutional and peaceful methods to realise them.
  7. 7. Demands of the Moderates. • The desire of the government was that,the government should introduce a member of reforms. • They wanted large share in government and expansion and reforms in the Legislative Council. • They demande the Ams Act to be repealed,executive should be seperated from the judiciary and Indians should be appointed at Higher Posts. • Abolition of Tax,development of Modern Industries and more were their main demands. • Education,irrigation,medicsl snd Health fscilities were their other demands from the government. • They wanted Swaraj within the British Rule.
  8. 8. Methods Of the Moderates.  They had a great faith in peaceful and constitutional agitation.  They used press and annual sessions for their propaganda.  They organised meetings, speeches, resolutions and positions for the Public Opinion and Placed their Demands.
  9. 9. Contribution of the Moderates. The policy and programme of the moderates were critisised by some people. Their efforts towards the progress of the National movement can’t be ignored.Their contribution in organising public opinion and replacing the demands of the people before the government,cannot be ignored. National consciouseness was created by them for the Indians and they tried to unite the people. Useful work like National awaking,political education and unification of Indians was done for them.
  10. 10. ADMINISTRATIVE CAUSES ALIEN RULE BRITISH JUDICIAL RULE INDIANS WERE EXCLUDED FROM HIGH POSTS LACK OF REPRESENTATION IN LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
  11. 11. ALIEN RULE • India was ruled by administrators thousands ofmiles away in London. • They were ignorant about the beliefs and customs of India. • As a result they could neither establish proximity with the Indian masses nor could they win their hearts
  12. 12. BRITISH JUDICIAL SYSTEM • The new judicial system introduced by the British was improper and partial. • Rich and resourceful people were able to manipulate judgements in their favour. • It led to dissatisfaction among the common man.
  13. 13. INDIANS WERE EXCLUDED FROM HIGH POSTS • Indians were not given high posts in civil services and military. • The highest rank in military was that of a Subedar while in Civil Services, they got promoted only to the post of ‘Srdar Amin’. • This turned the Indians against the British.
  14. 14. HOPE YOU ENJOYED LEARNING DONE BY MUSTANSI R.M.D GRADE 8 F

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