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LAND DEGRADATION AND CONSERVATION MEASURES

about the LAND DEGRADATION AND CONSERVATION MEASURES

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LAND DEGRADATION AND CONSERVATION MEASURES

  1. 1. • Mining sites are abandoned after excavation work is complete leaving deep scars and traces of over-burdening. • In states like Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh and Orissa deforestation due to mining have caused severe land degradation.
  2. 2. Mineral processing The mineral processing like grinding of limestone for cement industry and calcite and soapstone for ceramic industry generate huge quantity of dust in the atmosphere. It retards the process of infiltration of water into the soil after it settles down on the land.
  3. 3. A forestation-: •A forestation and proper management of grazing can help to some extent. •Shelter belts of plants •Planting of shelter belts of plants,
  4. 4. Controlling overgrazing Good management to prevent overgrazing Set stocking levels appropriate to the land, in particular taking into account the most sensitive habitats. Avoid overstocking, especially autumn to winter when vegetation growth is slow – use away wintering and housing where possible. Do not use supplementary feeding to maintain high stock levels on unproductive land except in particularly hard weather. Reduce grazing pressure in harsh weather conditions (prolonged drought or wet periods). Maintain boundary fences to control movement of stock. Shepherd open hill land to distribute grazing pressure evenly and avoid localised overgrazing. Maintain hefts / lears on open fell or moorland. Maintain grass and heather areas by controlling the spread of bracken. Control rabbit grazing.
  5. 5. Management of waste lands -: Controlling mining activities • we should have Proper management of waste lands we should have Control of mining activities

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