• Mining sites are abandoned after excavation work is
complete leaving deep scars and traces of over-burdening.
• In states like Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh
and Orissa deforestation due to mining have caused severe
The mineral processing like grinding of limestone for
cement industry and calcite and soapstone for
ceramic industry generate huge quantity of dust in
the atmosphere. It retards the process of
infiltration of water into the soil after it settles
down on the land.
•A forestation and proper
management of grazing can
help to some extent.
•Shelter belts of plants
shelter belts of
Good management to prevent overgrazing
Set stocking levels appropriate to the land, in particular taking into account the most sensitive
Avoid overstocking, especially autumn to winter when vegetation growth is slow – use away
wintering and housing where possible.
Do not use supplementary feeding to maintain high stock levels on unproductive land except
in particularly hard weather.
Reduce grazing pressure in harsh weather conditions (prolonged drought or wet periods).
Maintain boundary fences to control movement of stock.
Shepherd open hill land to distribute grazing pressure evenly and avoid localised overgrazing.
Maintain hefts / lears on open fell or moorland.
Maintain grass and heather areas by controlling the spread of bracken.
Control rabbit grazing.
Management of waste lands -:
Controlling mining activities
• we should have Proper
management of waste
we should have
Control of mining