When Depressed

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When Depressed

  1. 1. When Depressed Psalm 42-43
  2. 2. MESSAGES @ WHISPERING HOPEOCTOBER 20112ndWhen Depressed: Psalm 42-43, Samuel Ong9thWhen Guilty: Psalm 51, Michael William12-15thSpecial Session of the General Conference16thThe Entertainment World: Colossians 3:1-2; John 10:10, Rev. Dr. Andrew Tan23rdWhen Anxious: Psalm 55, GohKeatPeng30thWhen in Doubt: Psalm 73, Annette Arulrajah
  3. 3. PSALMS Collection of 150 songs of praise, prayers and spiritual poems. Hymnbook and prayer-book of the Jews. Divided into 5 books, which parallel the Torah. Psalms 1-41; 42-72; 73-89; 90-106; 107-150. Psalm (English) = Psalmos (Greek) = Tehillim (Hebrew) = musical praise or song of praise. Korah collection = Psalms 42-49; 84-88 except 86.
  4. 4. SONS OF KORAH The Korahites were Levites, descended through Kohath, Korah’s father (1 Chronicles 6:22-48; 9:17-32; 2 Chronicles 20:19). They were employed in the performance of temple music. When the Israelites were wandering in the desert, Korah led a rebellion of 250 community leaders against Moses and perished by God’s judgment with the other leaders and their families (Numbers 16; Jude 11). For some reason, the sons of Korah were spared It seems, from their later employment, that, in gratitude to God for his mercy, they must have dedicated themselves to producing and performing the music used to praise God at the wilderness tabernacle and later in the temple in Jerusalem (Numbers 26:11).
  5. 5. PSALM 42-43: STRUCTURE  42:1-5  Lament, 1-4  Refrain, 5  42:6-11  Lament, 6-10  Refrain, 11  43:1-5  Lament, 1-4  Refrain 5
  6. 6. DEPRESSION An ever-present reality
  7. 7. DEFINITIONS Severe despondency and dejection, typically felt over a period of time and accompanied by feelings of hopelessness and inadequacy A condition of mental disturbance characterized by such feelings to a greater degree than seems warranted by the external circumstances, typically with lack of energy and difficulty in maintaining concentration or interest in life.
  8. 8. CAUSES (1) DRYNESS – sense of thirst  Forced absence from the temple of God, where God was worshipped, 42:1- 2  The taunt of unbelievers, 42:3  Memories of better days, 42:4
  9. 9. CAUSES (2) DROWNING – sense of being overwhelmed  The overwhelming trials of life, 42:7  Failure of God to act quickly on our behalf, 42:9  The taunt of unbelievers, 42:10
  10. 10. CAUSES (3) DISHEARTENED – sense of being misjudged  Attacks from ungodly, deceitful and wicked persons, 43:1
  11. 11. SYMPTOMS Tears, 42:3 Fatigue (downcast), 42:5, 11; 43:5 Emotional disturbance, 42:5, 11:43:5 – troubled, in turmoil, sighs Feeling overwhelmed (Drowning), 42:4 Feelings of rejection: distant from God, 42:9, 10, 43:2; mourning, 43:2 Murder in the bones, 42:10
  12. 12. SYMPTOMS (2) Low or irritable mood most of the time A loss of pleasure in usual activities Trouble sleeping or sleeping too much A big change in appetite, often with weight gain or weight loss Tiredness and lack of energy Feelings of worthlessness, self-hate and guilt Difficulty concentrating
  13. 13. SYMPTOMS (3) Slow or fast movements Lack of activity and avoiding usual activities Feeling hopeless or helpless A big change in appetite, often with weight gain or weight loss Repeated thoughts of death or suicide Low self-esteem
  14. 14. DEALING WITH DEPRESSION (1)  FACE UP TO YOUR FEELINGS  42:9  43:2  Refrain: Why so downcast? Why all these sighs? 42:5, 11; 43:5  Escapism  Defensive walls
  15. 15. DEALING WITH DEPRESSION (2)  REMEMBER THE PAST  42:4  42:8  Remember the faithfulness and goodness of God
  16. 16. DEALING WITH DEPRESSION (3)  SPEAK TO YOURSELF  Be logical: Why are you cast down?  Be realistic: I will YET praise him, 32:5  Be patient: Hope in God or Wait for God.  Be firm: Stop wallowing in self-pity
  17. 17. DEALING WITH DEPRESSION (4) PRAY FOR DELIVERANCE  43:1-4  “But even though absent, how present God turns out to be,” being mentioned twenty-two times in the two psalms, with a series of titles suggesting a personal relationship: the living God, the face of God, your God, my God, my living God, my rock, God in whom I take refuge, God my exceeding joy. “God is omnipresent in a poem that complains of his absence” and “ironically, the pain of separation is a way of feeling the presence”. (Schaefer, Psalms, 109).

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