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Music Business Essentials




     INTRODUCTION
TO MUSIC COPYRIGHT




                      © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
Music Business Essentials




Test Your Knowledge




                    © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
Do I Need Legal Permission
To…
Share popular music downloads with my friends
on the Internet?

Use sampled beats from othe...
What is Copyright ?
 Copyright is a form of protection
 provided by U.S. Federal Law to the
 authors of quot;original work...
What Does U.S. Copyright Protect?

         Musical Works
                            Literary Works


Sound Recordings   ...
Music and Copyright
In terms of music, US copyright
addresses several key categories:

 Musical Work (“the Song”) =
the un...
Music and Copyright
 Sound Recording = the sounds, including
 the recording artist's interpretation
 of the musical compos...
How U.S. Copyright Works
  The two MOST important
  concepts in determining
  copyright are:
-- Original Authorship

-- Fi...
How U.S. Copyright Works
 Copyright protection is
 AUTOMATIC

 Copyright protection exists
 from the time the work is crea...
What Rights are Protected?
 The right to reproduce the work in copies

 The right to prepare derivative works

 The right ...
What is NOT protected under
U.S. Copyright?
 Ideas!!!!

 Generic information, such as
 facts and numbers-
 i.e. standard c...
What is NOT protected under
U.S. Copyright?


 Titles, names, short phrases, and
 slogans (covered by “Trademarks”)

 Proc...
Do I Need Legal Permission
To…
Share popular music downloads with my friends
on the Internet?

Use sampled beats from othe...
Key Take-Aways
In the U.S., Original works of artistic
expression are considered the private
property of the creator or au...
Key Take-Aways
 The two MOST important concepts in
 determining copyright are:
 -- Original Authorship
 -- Fixed Expressio...
FOR NEXT CLASS




          © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
Exceptions to U.S. Copyright
Public Domain- hymns, patriotic
songs, folk songs, classical music

“Fair Use” – education, r...
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Muc 109 Lec 5a. Intro To Copyright Microteach

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Muc 109 Lec 5a. Intro To Copyright Microteach

  1. 1. Music Business Essentials INTRODUCTION TO MUSIC COPYRIGHT © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  2. 2. Music Business Essentials Test Your Knowledge © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  3. 3. Do I Need Legal Permission To… Share popular music downloads with my friends on the Internet? Use sampled beats from other musicians in my own songs? Play cover songs at parties? Make “mixtapes” of current hits to promote my small DJ Business? © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  4. 4. What is Copyright ? Copyright is a form of protection provided by U.S. Federal Law to the authors of quot;original works of authorship” for a limited duration Copyright has two main functions: – To protect the author's right to obtain commercial benefit from their valuable work – To protect the author's general right to control how their work is used. © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  5. 5. What Does U.S. Copyright Protect? Musical Works Literary Works Sound Recordings Architectural Works Pictorial Works Dramatic Works Motion Pictures & Audiovisual Works Choreography & Pantomimes © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  6. 6. Music and Copyright In terms of music, US copyright addresses several key categories: Musical Work (“the Song”) = the underlying musical composition, comprised of the written notes and lyrics. Think of the lyrics and notes on a piece of Sheet Music… © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  7. 7. Music and Copyright Sound Recording = the sounds, including the recording artist's interpretation of the musical composition, and the creative efforts of the producer, sound engineers and background musicians. Think of the actual recording itself… © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  8. 8. How U.S. Copyright Works The two MOST important concepts in determining copyright are: -- Original Authorship -- Fixed Expression © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  9. 9. How U.S. Copyright Works Copyright protection is AUTOMATIC Copyright protection exists from the time the work is created in a fixed, tangible form of expression Protection is available to both published and unpublished works © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  10. 10. What Rights are Protected? The right to reproduce the work in copies The right to prepare derivative works The right to distribute to the public -via sale, rental, lease or lending Rights of public performance, display and transmission These rights are referred to as the “bundle of rights” © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  11. 11. What is NOT protected under U.S. Copyright? Ideas!!!! Generic information, such as facts and numbers- i.e. standard calendars, height and weight charts, tape measures and rulers Familiar symbols © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  12. 12. What is NOT protected under U.S. Copyright? Titles, names, short phrases, and slogans (covered by “Trademarks”) Procedures, methods, systems, processes, discoveries, or devices (covered by “Patents”) © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  13. 13. Do I Need Legal Permission To… Share popular music downloads with my friends on the Internet? Use sampled beats from other musicians in my own songs? Play cover songs at parties? Make “mixtapes” of current hits to promote my small DJ Business? © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  14. 14. Key Take-Aways In the U.S., Original works of artistic expression are considered the private property of the creator or author Copyright protects various forms of written and artistic expression Copyright protection does not include ideas themselves, only expressions of those ideas © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  15. 15. Key Take-Aways The two MOST important concepts in determining copyright are: -- Original Authorship -- Fixed Expression Copyright protection is automatic, but it is always best to register your work with the U.S. Copyright Office Both Musical Works (Songs) and Sound Recordings enjoy Copyright protection © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  16. 16. FOR NEXT CLASS © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  17. 17. Exceptions to U.S. Copyright Public Domain- hymns, patriotic songs, folk songs, classical music “Fair Use” – education, research, reviews, parody, news reporting Mandatory Licensing Some Public Performance Rights © 2006 musicbizclasses.com

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