CultureSampo   Finnish Culture on the Semantic Web 2.0 Thematic Perspectives for the End-user Eero Hyvönen , Eetu Mäkelä, ...
National  Ontology Project in Finland  FinnONTO 2003-2010 Antikvaria-ryhmä
Contents <ul><li>Vision:   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Inter)national Semantic Web 2.0 of Cultural Heritage </li></ul></ul><ul>...
The Vision:  Semantic Web 2.0 of Cultural Heritage
Wouldn’t it be nice  if there were a place where <ul><li>cultural organizations could  publish easily  their contents toge...
Yes! This is the vision of CultureSampo
Challenges: Content Complexity & Production
Cultural Content Compexity:  Heterogenous and Interlinked Encyclopedia Artifacts Maps Videos Buildings Fine arts Biographi...
Cultural Content Production: Distributed and Independent
Solution: the Semantic Web 2.0
CultureSampo in a Nutshell National Ontology  Infrastructure Semantic Metadata Content Providers
” Sampo” -- The Magic Finnish Drum/Machine of Wisdom (Kalevala epic) National Ontology  Infrastucture
Realization:  CultureSampo -- Finnish Culture on the Semantic Web 2.0
CultureSampo = Three Components <ul><li>Content Production System - Model </li></ul><ul><li>Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Na...
CultureSampo Component 1/3 Infrastructure
KOKO: Finnish Collaborative Holistic Ontology :   Ontology developer groups’ view YSO AFO MAO TAO VALO KOKO ... ... KOKO O...
Finnish Collaborative Holistic Ontology KOKO:   Ontology end-users’ view YSO AFO MAO TAO VALO KOKO KOKO Ontology
Finnish Ontology Library Service ONKI:  http://www.yso.fi   66 vocabularies, taxonomies,  and ontologies online as services
CultureSampo Component 2/3 Content Creation Process
CultureSampo Content Providers (28+): museums, libraries, archieves, researcher organizations, media companies +  citizens...
Metadata Schemas
RDF Knowledge Base  (March 17, 2009) <ul><li>Metadata </li></ul><ul><ul><li>134,000 cultural collection items (artifacts, ...
CultureSampo Contents: Web 2.0 Interfaces 1 <ul><li>Wikipedia articles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On the Google Maps  </li></ul...
CultureSampo Contents: Web 2.0 Interfaces 2 <ul><li>Panoramio photo service </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On the Google Maps </li>...
CultureSampo Contents: Web 2.0 Interfaces 3 <ul><li>Annotation  channel for  content items </li></ul>
CultureSampo Component 3/3 The Semantic Web 2.0 Portal
Portal Users <ul><li>Humans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Google-like but semantic search </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nine thematic...
Semantic Widget: Using CultureSampo like Google Maps in Mash-up Applications
Nine Thematic Perspectives  into Cultural Heritage Three languages Nine perspectives Lately commented items Lately viewed ...
Semantic Keyword Search with Autocompetion & Result Categorization
1. Map Browse and Search 1/4: Tab Search for Items on the Map
1. Map Browse and Search 2/4: Tab Historical Areas Semantic recommendations Historical Helsinki 1640-1945
1. Map Browse and Search 3/4: Tab Historical Maps on Google Maps Wikipedia articles Panoramio photos Links to historical p...
 
1. Map Browse and Search 4/4: Tab Find Near-by Sites of Interest
2. Relational Search: ”How is A. Gallen-Kallela  related to  Napolean I ?”
3. Search and Organize Idea: Domain-centric Faceted Search + Visualizations of Resuts ” Beard fashion in Finland  through ...
Photos of Churces in Finland
4. Collections Organizational Perspective
5. Finnish History Co-operation with History Researchers External web page embedded in CultureSampo Timeline of history
6. Skill Documentations A Semantic Video Viewer Semantic recommendations Semantic process description Dynamic information ...
7. Biography Perspective National Biography on the Semantic Web Semantically annotated biographies Links to related works,...
8. Semantic Kalevala: The computer ”understands” the national epic Kalevala Semantically annotated 50 poems of the nationa...
Semantic recommendations of a scene
Visualizing the narrative structure
9. Karelia Perspective A Regional and Political View Semantically annotated Wikipedia pages Semantic recommendation links
Conclusions:  Seven Points that Make CultureSampo Unique <ul><li>Highly  cross-domain : 26 content types and 16 metadata s...
Major lesson learned <ul><li>Content is king </li></ul><ul><li>Intelligent services can be created fairly easily if: </li>...
Publications & demos & more information: http://www.seco.tkk.fi/applications/kulttuurisampo
Questions? ?! http://www.seco.tkk.fi http://www.seco.tkk.fi/   Try CultureSampo yourself  at home: http://www.kulttuurisam...
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CultureSampo - Finnish Culture on the Semantic Web 2.0: Thematic Perspectives for the End-user

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A paper from Museums and the Web 2009.

Eero Hyvönen, Helsinki University of Technology (TKK), Finland
http://www.kulttuurisampo.fi/

We present an overview of CultureSampo, an ambitious system for creating a collective semantic memory of the cultural heritage of a nation on the Semantic Web 2.0, combining ideas underlying the Semantic Web and the Web 2.0. The system addresses the semantic Web challenge of aggregating highly heterogeneous, cross-domain cultural heritage collections and other contents into a semantically rich intelligent system for human and machine users. At the same time, CultureSampo is an approach to solving the social and practical Web 2.0 challenge of organizing the underlying collaborative ontology development and content creation work of memory organizations and citizens. This paper focuses on CultureSampo’s search, recommendation, and visualization services for the end-users. The key idea here is to access cultural heritage on the Semantic Web through nine “thematic perspectives”: places on the maps, the social network of cultural persons, timelines, and narrative texts, e.g. biographies and literary works.

Session: Building and Using On-line Collections [Institutional]

Keywords: CultureSampo, semantic memory, cultural heritage, thematic perspectives, Semantic Web, Web 2.0, user interfaces, semantic search, recommendation system, visualization

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CultureSampo - Finnish Culture on the Semantic Web 2.0: Thematic Perspectives for the End-user

  1. 1. CultureSampo Finnish Culture on the Semantic Web 2.0 Thematic Perspectives for the End-user Eero Hyvönen , Eetu Mäkelä, Tomi Kauppinen, Olli Alm, Jussi Kurki, Tuukka Ruotsalo, Katri Seppälä, Joeli Takala, Kimmo Puputti, Heini Kuittinen, Kim Viljanen, Jouni Tuominen, Tuomas Palonen, Matias Frosterus, Reetta Sinkkilä, Panu Paakkarinen, Joonas Laitio and Katariina Nyberg Helsinki University of Technology (TKK) and University of Helsinki Semantic Computing Research Group (SeCo) http://www.seco.tkk.fi /
  2. 2. National Ontology Project in Finland FinnONTO 2003-2010 Antikvaria-ryhmä
  3. 3. Contents <ul><li>Vision: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Inter)national Semantic Web 2.0 of Cultural Heritage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Challenges: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Content complexity and heterogeneity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distributed content production </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Solution: Semantic Web + Web 2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Realization: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CultureSampo -- Finnish Culture on the Semantic Web 2.0 </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Vision: Semantic Web 2.0 of Cultural Heritage
  5. 5. Wouldn’t it be nice if there were a place where <ul><li>cultural organizations could publish easily their contents together on the web just by pushing a button, </li></ul><ul><li>the contents would be automatically linked with other publishers contents and get semantically enriched , </li></ul><ul><li>researchers and citizens could contribute with their own contents and knowledge, </li></ul><ul><li>contents could be accessed easily from different thematic perspectives and contexts, </li></ul><ul><li>intelligent search and browsing systems could find answers to questions in addition to data records, </li></ul><ul><li>the aggregated contents and services could be reused in external applications easily, </li></ul><ul><li>language barriers could be overcome ? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Yes! This is the vision of CultureSampo
  7. 7. Challenges: Content Complexity & Production
  8. 8. Cultural Content Compexity: Heterogenous and Interlinked Encyclopedia Artifacts Maps Videos Buildings Fine arts Biographies Narratives Literature Cultural sites Music
  9. 9. Cultural Content Production: Distributed and Independent
  10. 10. Solution: the Semantic Web 2.0
  11. 11. CultureSampo in a Nutshell National Ontology Infrastructure Semantic Metadata Content Providers
  12. 12. ” Sampo” -- The Magic Finnish Drum/Machine of Wisdom (Kalevala epic) National Ontology Infrastucture
  13. 13. Realization: CultureSampo -- Finnish Culture on the Semantic Web 2.0
  14. 14. CultureSampo = Three Components <ul><li>Content Production System - Model </li></ul><ul><li>Standards </li></ul><ul><li>National Ontology Service ONKI </li></ul><ul><li>Annotation and other tools </li></ul>Content Infrastructure - W3C etc. standards - FinnONTO Infrastructure - Metadata schemas - Ontology system <ul><li>Portal http://www.kulttuurisampo.fi/ - Humans: user-interface </li></ul><ul><li>Machines: AJAX widgets, Web Services </li></ul>CultureSampo System
  15. 15. CultureSampo Component 1/3 Infrastructure
  16. 16. KOKO: Finnish Collaborative Holistic Ontology : Ontology developer groups’ view YSO AFO MAO TAO VALO KOKO ... ... KOKO Ontology ca. 37,000 class concepts
  17. 17. Finnish Collaborative Holistic Ontology KOKO: Ontology end-users’ view YSO AFO MAO TAO VALO KOKO KOKO Ontology
  18. 18. Finnish Ontology Library Service ONKI: http://www.yso.fi 66 vocabularies, taxonomies, and ontologies online as services
  19. 19. CultureSampo Component 2/3 Content Creation Process
  20. 20. CultureSampo Content Providers (28+): museums, libraries, archieves, researcher organizations, media companies + citizens Thanks for cooperation!
  21. 21. Metadata Schemas
  22. 22. RDF Knowledge Base (March 17, 2009) <ul><li>Metadata </li></ul><ul><ul><li>134,000 cultural collection items (artifacts, books, videos etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>285,000 other resources (places, persons etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>204 property types in metadata </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ontologies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>KOKO ontologies (ca. 37,000 concepts) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Additional international vocabularies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>AAT, ULAN, Iconclass </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>253 property types in ontologies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Size </li></ul><ul><ul><li>11,4 million triples </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2,7 million triplets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>8,7 million additional reasoned triplets </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. CultureSampo Contents: Web 2.0 Interfaces 1 <ul><li>Wikipedia articles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On the Google Maps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Geonames.org service </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Write an article -> it will be seen in CultureSampo </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Selected articles annotated (automatically) by ourselves </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. CultureSampo Contents: Web 2.0 Interfaces 2 <ul><li>Panoramio photo service </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On the Google Maps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.panoramio.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take a photo -> it will be seen in CultureSampo </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. CultureSampo Contents: Web 2.0 Interfaces 3 <ul><li>Annotation channel for content items </li></ul>
  26. 26. CultureSampo Component 3/3 The Semantic Web 2.0 Portal
  27. 27. Portal Users <ul><li>Humans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Google-like but semantic search </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nine thematic perspectives into cultural heritage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Machines! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Semantic AJAX widgets </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Semantic Widget: Using CultureSampo like Google Maps in Mash-up Applications
  29. 29. Nine Thematic Perspectives into Cultural Heritage Three languages Nine perspectives Lately commented items Lately viewed items Search box
  30. 30. Semantic Keyword Search with Autocompetion & Result Categorization
  31. 31. 1. Map Browse and Search 1/4: Tab Search for Items on the Map
  32. 32. 1. Map Browse and Search 2/4: Tab Historical Areas Semantic recommendations Historical Helsinki 1640-1945
  33. 33. 1. Map Browse and Search 3/4: Tab Historical Maps on Google Maps Wikipedia articles Panoramio photos Links to historical places
  34. 35. 1. Map Browse and Search 4/4: Tab Find Near-by Sites of Interest
  35. 36. 2. Relational Search: ”How is A. Gallen-Kallela related to Napolean I ?”
  36. 37. 3. Search and Organize Idea: Domain-centric Faceted Search + Visualizations of Resuts ” Beard fashion in Finland through times”
  37. 38. Photos of Churces in Finland
  38. 39. 4. Collections Organizational Perspective
  39. 40. 5. Finnish History Co-operation with History Researchers External web page embedded in CultureSampo Timeline of history
  40. 41. 6. Skill Documentations A Semantic Video Viewer Semantic recommendations Semantic process description Dynamic information about the video scene
  41. 42. 7. Biography Perspective National Biography on the Semantic Web Semantically annotated biographies Links to related works, persons, places etc.
  42. 43. 8. Semantic Kalevala: The computer ”understands” the national epic Kalevala Semantically annotated 50 poems of the national epic Translation into modern Finnish Links to related art etc.
  43. 44. Semantic recommendations of a scene
  44. 45. Visualizing the narrative structure
  45. 46. 9. Karelia Perspective A Regional and Political View Semantically annotated Wikipedia pages Semantic recommendation links
  46. 47. Conclusions: Seven Points that Make CultureSampo Unique <ul><li>Highly cross-domain : 26 content types and 16 metadata schemas </li></ul><ul><li>Sophisticated semantic annotation models (including events and processes) </li></ul><ul><li>New kind of semantic search and recommendation techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Versatile selection of semantic visualizations (map views, timelines, graphs, process visualization, semantic video viewing) </li></ul><ul><li>Based on a large nation wide collaboratively maintained infrastructure of ontologies and ontology services </li></ul><ul><li>Includes models of and tools for collaborative semantic content creation </li></ul><ul><li>Services are available for machines , too. </li></ul>
  47. 48. Major lesson learned <ul><li>Content is king </li></ul><ul><li>Intelligent services can be created fairly easily if: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>there is a shared ontology infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>content providers provide harmonized semantic content </li></ul></ul>
  48. 49. Publications & demos & more information: http://www.seco.tkk.fi/applications/kulttuurisampo
  49. 50. Questions? ?! http://www.seco.tkk.fi http://www.seco.tkk.fi/ Try CultureSampo yourself at home: http://www.kulttuurisampo.fi/

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