First quarter 2012

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First quarter 2012

  1. 1. Tea Market Update V o l u m e 8 N o 1 J a n u a r y— M a r c h 2 0 1 2 20th Session of the Intergovernmental Group (IGG) on Tea of Food &  Total Production from all tea grow- Agriculture Organization (FAO) 30th Jan -1st Feb 2012 and ing areas registered Colombo International Tea Convention 1st – 3rd of Feb 2012. to 73.18 Mkgs for the period ended 31 The year 2012 marks 145 years of the is certainly an achievement and shows world March 2012, which commencement of Sri Lanka tea industry on recognition for Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka Tea is 6.6% less than a commercial scale. Sri Lanka Tea Board, Board made arrangements to host the FAO/ the previous year the apex state or- same quarter. ganization of the tea industry in Sri  Average auction Lanka under the price at Colombo purview of the dipped to 355.77 / Ministry of Planta- kg or 9.7% below tion Industries will the last year level. be hosting the 20th Session of FAO/  Sri Lanka tea ex- IGG on Tea in ports for the first Colombo, Sri quarter of 2012 Lanka in 2012 reached 76238MT, a 4.3 % decrease Selecting Sri Lanka over the first quar- as the venue for one ter of 2011. of the most impor- tant events in the global tea industry, providing a prestigious IGG Sessions which took place from 30th platform for the United Nation’s Food and January to 1st February 2012 at CinnamonTea Production 2 Agriculture Organization’s 20th Session of Grand Hotel, Colombo. the Inter-Governmental Group (IGG) on Tea Cont. in page 5 ….Tea Marketing 3Tea Exports 4 General OverviewGlobal Tea Scene 6 Economy Due to the continuity of the subsidized fertilizerTrade Fair Participation 7 Drought hit weather further retarded agricul- and power sector intervention by the govern- tural output and world demand on key Sri ment, inflation was maintained below the last Lankan exports commodities declined consid- year level to be provided to the masses enablingResearch Update 8 erably by 1.4 percent or US$2.63 billion in food items and other intermediate goods at value, widening balance of payments too at affordable prices. the end of first quarter compared to last year same period. As a result pressure on the rupee Tea Industry mounted through out the period and govern- ment eased the control of exchange rate Lower rains and price volatility at Colombo tea Editor-Sampath Perera auction deprived a more positive performance Tea Promotion Division expecting a narrowing of the huge trade deficit of US$ 2.55 billion for the period. to be recorded in tea industry. Corporate sector E-mail Hence, the economy recorded a 7 percent plantations Companies made a major setback as sampath@pureceylontea.com Colombo Stock Exchange recorded lower value growth as mentioned in Central Bank report Web-site for the period which is lower than same per share in its history due to lower yield and www.pureceylontea.com quarter of last year. higher COP. Continue in page …………….5
  2. 2. Tea market update Volume 8. No. 1 P AG E 2+ Tea ProductionTotal Production from all tea growing areas amounted It is evident from table 3, that Plantation sector tea production recorded moderate decline while Privateto 73.18 million kilograms for the period ended 31 and Public sectors remained with less variation in firstMarch 2012, which is 6.6% less than the previous year quarter as against last year same period.same quarter. This slight decrease can be attributed tolower rains experienced mostly in Western high and Government sector recorded a poor performance for theUva regions. past as consecutive years though they witnessed 5.5Mkgs record production in 2008 first quarter as theMarch production recorded a severe decline compared highest in recent years.to last year but ahead of the 2010 and 2009 crop. Table 3 – Distribution of Tea ProductionHence, specialty Western High season didn’t reach January-March 2012/2011 (Units:MKg)forecasted level affecting cash trapped cooperatesector factories mostly centralized in hill country. 2012 2011 Change Sector Production % Production % Qty %Table 1 - Cumulative and monthly tea Production January-March 2008-2012 (Units :MT) Private 43.02 58.79 43.32 55.2 -0.3 -0.5 Plantation 27.19 37.15 32.56 41.5 -5.4 -12.9 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 Public 2.97 4.06 2.52 3.2 0.4 13.9January 23198 21,141 26796 17810 26278 Total 73.18 100.00 78.40 100 -5.2 -6.7February 22,775 22,125 24858 12764 25518 Matara and Kandy districts recorded a slight increaseMarch 27,208 35,134 21458 18412 30811 in production while Nuwara-eliya and Galle districts fell remarkable decline as against last year sameTotal 73,181 78,400 73,112 48,986 82,607 quarter. It is showed in table 4 below. Table 4.- District wise tea production comparisonIntended tea planting of high grown were 41137 ha, as at December 2012/2011 (MKg)which is 18.5% of total tea lands and produced nearly ADMIN. DIS-17 million kilograms for the period and this deficit is TOTAL-2012 TOTAL-2011 CHANGE TRICThigher than the cumulative deficit other two regions. It BADULLA 6.79 6.85 -0.06is depicted in table 2. COLOMBO 0.15 0.00 0.15 GALLE 10.81 11.98 -1.17Table 2 - Cumulative tea production accordingto elevation and category till March (Units :Mkg) HAMBANTOTA 0.07 0.06 0.01 KALUTARA 3.92 4.23 -0.31 Jan-March Change KANDY 7.10 6.57 0.53 Category 2012 2011 Qty % KEGALLE 2.47 2.62 -0.15Elevation MATALE 0.39 1.31 -0.92High 16.99 20.11 -3.12 -15.50 MATARA 10.52 10.00 0.52Medium 11.98 12.34 -0.37 -2.97 NUWARA ELIYA 15.80 19.25 -3.45Low 44.22 45.95 -1.74 -3.78 RATNAPURA 15.16 15.50 -0.34Total 73.18 78.40 -5.22 -6.66 TOTAL 73.18 78.37 -5.19Processing MethodOrthodox 67.55 70.83 -3.28 -4.63 Tea MarketingCTC 4.87 6.81 -1.94 -28.46 Attributed to many external market forces the depressedGreen Tea 0.76 0.76 0.00 -0.26 tea market that prevailed duringTotal 73.18 78.40 -5.22 -6.66 the first three quarters of 2011, intensified this quarter too. TotalProportionately, CTC tea production dipped severely quantity sold through Colomboby 28.5%, while Green Tea production figures auction increased marginally andremained unchanged for the period compared to the total average price for the quarterlast year same period.. ….. PUBLICATION OF TEA PROMOTION DIVISION—SRI LANKA TEA BOARD
  3. 3. Tea market update Volume 8 . No. 1 P AG E 3 fell sharply compared to the same period of 2011. Table 7: Teas sold and prices fetched by Subsequently, total earnings decline slightly at distribution channels (Qty:Mkg, Price Rs./Kg) Colombo auction though total disposed quantities First Quarter increased compared to last year same quarter. It is Different Channel 2012 2011 depicted in table 5. Qty Price Qty Price Table 5 –Teas Sold and prices fetched in Public Auction 81.8 355.77 77.7 394.17 first quarter 2012/2011Unit:Qty-Mkg,Rs/Kg Private Sales 0.9 383.34 0.4 445.97 First Quarter Direct Sales 0.4 462.74 0.6 391.63 Different Difference 2012 2011 Total 83.0 356.62 78.7 394.43 Channel Qty Price Qty Price Qty Price As depicted in table 7 above, Private sales average High 17.8 340.0 17.3 380.5 0.5 -40.5 price dropped by Rs.63 per kilogram whilst volume traded increased by 125% or 0.5Mkgs compared to Medium 13.5 317.9 11.8 357.5 1.7 -39.6 the last year same period. Low 51.8 372.4 49.6 408.1 2.2 -35.7 Buoyant price levels prevailed for Direct sales, despite volume traded decreased by 33% or Total 83.1 356.6 78.7 394.4 4.4 -37.8 0.2Mkgs, and average auction price at Colombo auction dipped to 355.77 /kg or 9.7% below the last Table 6– Weekly Auction sales comparison year level as against the correspondent period of during the quarter (Rs/Kg) 2011. Auc. High Medium Low Average Month Change No. 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 -year 2011-year 1 326.29 376.05 300.79 353.22 367.35 406.62 347.44 387.76 -40.3 2 332.06 377.63 306.12 353.55 367.78 412.11 350.62 391.46 -40.8 January 3 327.71 375.14 298.24 353.29 365.58 409.70 347.14 379.43 -32.3 4 334.45 377.26 301.86 360.44 361.77 415.76 347.33 377.30 -30.0 5 333.55 370.37 302.74 348.34 362.47 397.06 347.73 367.17 -19.4 6 330.01 374.15 297.76 348.61 352.04 404.35 338.94 381.59 -42.7 February 7 334.78 380.10 310.01 359.21 364.44 414.66 351.41 382.61 -31.2 8 330.41 378.95 315.94 361.86 365.15 422.45 350.45 381.01 -30.6 9 332.79 376.90 320.87 353.50 369.79 401.73 354.29 386.42 -32.1 10 330.19 389.11 322.07 369.77 367.76 408.93 353.08 391.95 -38.9 March 11 342.71 389.36 324.72 371.06 375.91 407.92 360.15 393.20 -33.1 12 348.75 384.27 339.89 378.31 395.90 402.38 375.55 383.73 -8.2 13 356.25 374.30 346.49 366.44 424.13 394.96 396.92 363.39 33.5 Colombo Auction Colombo auction price Colombo Tea Auction were held on thirteen auctions during the quarter and average sale prices were always below those of last year correspondent sale and in some weeks the difference in price drop exceeded Rs.40/Kg. The main reasons for price reduction of our teas are the lesser inquires made for High grown quality season teas by the Western Nations due to economic crisis and instability in Persian Gulf where more The most significant feature of than 30 percent of our teas consigned. this quarter is sudden Rupee value depreciation which caused a check on price decline at end of the sale In March. PUBLICATION OF TEA PROMOTION DIVISION— SRI LANKA TEA BOARD
  4. 4. Tea market update Volume 8. No. 1 P AG E 4 Tea Exports P AG E 4Sri Lanka tea exports for the first quarter of 2012 reached Hence, the sequence of events that took place in the76238 metric tons with re-exports, a 4.3 percent decrease global economy shocked the world premium foodover the first quarter of 2011, following value of the and beverage markets with little exceptions.shipments earned US$332.9 million, down 12.2 percent dueto lower FOB value and volume. Table 10 -Top ten destinations of Pure Ceylon tea from Jan– March 2012/2011 Units:Qty - MKgTea exports for the month of March alone show a quantity Total teaincrease and earnings decrease, reaching 29247 metric tons 2012 2011 Change Country Exports %valued at US$125.3 million, up 8.2 percent and down 5.2percent, respectively, over March 2011 figures. Quarterly Qty Qty Qty % 2012 2011exports of value added tea like Tea bags, Packets ,RTD, Russia 11.16 12.67 -1.51 -11.92 14.64 15.91and Instant tea excluding re-exports in first quarter were Iran 10.08 7.52 2.56 34.04 13.22 9.4441492 metric tons, down 6 percent from first quarter 2011, Syria 6.81 6.18 0.63 10.19 8.93 7.76while its export value decreased to US$189.47 million, fell Iraq 5.29 4.89 0.40 8.18 6.94 6.1413 percent, attributed to appreciation of dollars by 9.3 Turkey 4.30 5.75 -1.45 -25.22 5.64 7.22percent over last year same quarter. These details are Libya 3.85 1.87 1.98 105.88 5.05 2.35shown in table 8. and 9.below. Azerbaijan 2.65 2.60 0.05 1.92 3.48 3.26 Japan 2.47 3.20 -0.73 -22.81 3.24 4.02Table 8 - Export Statistics for each month during UAE 2.43 6.65 -4.22 -63.46 3.19 8.35 first quarter 2008/2012Units : MT Ukraine 1.93 1.95 -0.02 -1.03 2.53 2.45 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 Total 50.97 53.28 -2.31 -4.34 66.86 66.9January 23,239 27266 21045 18403 23659  except re-export volumeFebruary 23,753 25345 25116 21400 28359 Sequence of top ten destinations changed dramati-March 29,247 27026 24049 30123 26808 cally where United Arab Emirates crashed to 9thTotal 76,238 79,638 70,210 69,926 78827 place importing its lowest level of 2.43Mkgs or a 63% decrease per quarter compared to the last yearTable 9 – Tea Exports comparison during first quarter same period. It is depicted in table 10. A rebound of (2012/2011) Units:Qty-Tons, FOB-Rs/Kg Value-Millions the ruined economy of Libya showed a significantThe major reason for the decline that recently occurred in 2012 2011 Change % Change Category Qty FOB Value Qty FOB Value Qty FOB Value Qty FOB ValueBulk* 29,953 492.72 13681 29,844 465.69 13,898 109 27.03 -8,538 0.4 5.80 -61.4Packets* 35,653 481.89 17,180 37,535 484.48 18,185 -1,882 -2.59 -1,005 -5.0 -0.53 -5.5Tea Bags* 5,374 950.58 5,360 6,200 922.29 5,718 -826 28.29 -358 -13.3 3.07 -6.3Instant Tea 464 776.98 361 429 761.59 327 35 323.69 34 0.0 0.00 0.0Green Tea 531 1,085.28 576 573 996.13 571 -42 89.15 5 -7.4 8.95 0.9RTD** 1 1,873.97 37 4 905.08 4 -3 968.89 33 0.0 0.00 0.0Sub Total 71,976 516.30 37,195 74,586 521.78 38,703 -2,610 -5.48 -1,508 -25.4 -1.05 -3.9Re-Exports 4,261 730.42 3,112 5,052 660.61 3,337 -791 69.81 -225 -15.7 10.5 -6.7Total 76,237 528.26 40,307 79,638 528.64 42,040 -3,401 -0.38 -1,733 -4.3 -0.07 -4.1* Black Tea ** Ready To Drink improvement of tea imports while Iraq showedthe country’s tea exports was due to a combination of moderate progress of its Ceylon tea imports. Ukrainefactors commencing from economic crisis in USA, Euro and Iran offered the highestZone calamity, aftermath of the Japanese tsunami, currency FOB price per kilogram whilstdepreciation in most major markets, accumulated with the Libya and Kuwait record theuprising of Arab nations and sanctions on Iran. lowest FOB for the period among top ten list of destinations. PUBLICATION OF TEA PROMOTION DIVISION— SRI LANKA TEA BOARD
  5. 5. Tea market update Volume 8. No. 1 P AG E 5 ……………..………….from page 1. issues related to production, marketing, pricing and General Overview consumption of tea. Intercessional Working Groups Weather representing all stakeholders are held every other year Bright weather with few scattered rains were reported in all prior to main FAO/IGG Session and it is mandatory to tea growing regions. seek the approval of member countries on agenda, themes, issues and new working groups to be discussed Quality at the main session of FAO/IGG on tea. Lower production Western quality teas and general leafy The International Tea Committee (ITC) Producer/ grades in low grown areas registered. Crop High and mid grown teas reported a lower production and low grown also registered a slight decrease. Colombo International Tea Convention .. from page 1 Incidentally, Sri Lanka hosted the 15th Session of FAO/ IGG on Tea in August 2003 gaining immense mileage. At Consumer Members Forum preceded the IGG on Tea sessions on 29th January 2012, together with a half day meeting on “Climate Change”. The tea producing countries also met on the sideline of FAO/IGG on Tea Conference, to establish an International Tea Producers Forum (ITPF) on 1st February 2012.The objective of this gathering is to create a common platform for tea producers and to formulate strategies for the benefit of all tea producing nations. This informal meeting was chaired by honorable Mahinda Samarasinghe , Minister The United Nations Food & Agriculture Organization of Plantation Industries In Sri Lanka where a resolution (FAO)/Intergovernmental Group (IGG) on Tea which was signed by 10 tea producing countries with agreeab- was established in 1969 is a forum where important ility to set up an ITPF policies and strategies related to the global tea industry are formulated. Its Membership is open to all the mem- In order to present the global tea fraternity who will gather in Colombo with a total offering, Sri Lanka Tea Board and Colombo Tea Traders’ Association (CTTA) hosted an International Tea Convention from 1st to 3rd February 2012 at Cinnamon Grand Hotel, Colombo. The tea convention this year revolved around the theme “Exclusivitea” encompassing the niche in quality that is synonymous with “Ceylon Tea”. The event attracted all major leaders of the global tea industry to the heart of Colombo for the three day event. The convention provided all stake holders, both local and international with an ideal platform to exchange views, network, share technologies and resources and integrate during the span of the event. The Colombo Tea Conventions bers/associate members of UN who are interested in tea have always been the best attended in the tea world and production/consumption/trading of tea. The FAO/IGG on boast of an exclusive mix of international speakers on Tea, a subsidiary body of the committee on Commodity themes of current and future relevance. This mega Problems hold biannual sessions and is considered as the -event was organized by the CTTA, in collaboration only global forum for member nations to deliberate with the Sri Lanka Tea Board. PUBLICATION OF TEA PROMOTION DIVISION— SRI LANKA TEA BOARD
  6. 6. Tea market update Volume 8. No. 1 P AG E 6 P AG E 6 Average auction prices at all world auction centers Global Tea Scene fetched below the US$ 3 per kilogram price though teaTea Production production had relegated to a considerably low level. The global liquidity crisis played havoc among mostMajor black tea producing countries of India and East major markets, as a result, the industries won’t be ableAfrica registered a crop shortfall in first quarter of 2012 to grow as planned. This is likely to lead to lesserdue to the prolong dry weather in major tea producing employment generation, job cuts as well as stagnationareas. Worst ever drought in fifteen years in North in salaries. As such are expected to dwindle theIndia resulted in a crop short fall of 18 % by end March demand for imported hot beverages as well as local2012 compared to last year same period. consumption.Table 11 -Global tea production comparison in Kenya Tea exports increased by 10 million kilograms first quarter 2012/2011(MT.) for the period due to a surge in imports by Egypt,PRODUCTION Month 2012 2011 Change Afghanistan and Pakistan compared to the previous year same quarter. China maintained its previous yearN E INDIA 3 37520 45553 -8033 tea export volume with a slight decrease due to strongSOUTH INDIA 3 44774 48841 -4067 market position in west African countries.BANGLADESH 3 731 998 -267CHINA (1) 3 356000 286000 70000 As a emerged tea exporter of Vietnam shipped 19,500 3 -6799 tons of tea worth of US$ 27.8 million in the first twoSRI LANKA 71,601 78,400 months of this year, rose by 18.24 % in volume andINDONESIA 3 15438 14821 617 17.25% in value term over the same period of last year.KENYA 3 72436 85169 -12733 In the first two months of this year, Vietnam exportedMALAWI 2 13721 13606 115 2,800 tons of tea worth $ 2.6 million to Indonesia,TANZANIA 2 6608 6835 -227 accounting for 14.7 per cent of the total. FurtherUGANDA 2 4902 7414 -2512 Vietnam shipped total of 7.5 million kilograms of teaZIMBABWE 2 3189 4267 -1078 to Pakistan. Taiwan, and Russia for the first two monthsTOTAL 626920 591904 35016 of 2012.*Till March provisional Source : INTTEA All global tea producers have incurred income declines while traders and firms in higher stages of the valueLow rains and frost conditions in Kenya, Uganda, chain have escaped this death trap. In the mid 1990sZimbabwe, and Tanzania too have attributed to the earnings by tea producing countries (exports F.O.B)decline tea production. As a result Kenyan tea cropdropped 15% in first quarter compared to the were some US$ 5-6 billion and the value of retail salescorresponding period of 2011.The severe global tea of tea, largely in developed countries, about US$30crop failure was adequately compensated by increased billion. Now the value of retail sales exceeds US$70green tea production from China over the period. It is billion with energy price increases but tea producingdepicted in table 11 above. countries only receive around US$ 10-12 billion. TheTable 12- Average prices in major auction centers unbalanced character of power in the tea value chain as at 31st March 2007-2012 helps explain the increasingly unequal distribution of total incomes in all tea producing countries.Centre 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007Kolkata 2.01 2.77 2.58 2.54 2.37 1.96 Table 13. Global tea production and Exports comparisonCochin 1.73 1.73 1.71 1.83 1.65 1.36 (1976-2012) Unit: MKgsChittagong 1.88 2.14 2.63 1.98 1.62 1.17Mombasa 2.67 2.72 2.54 2.29 2.18 1.66 2011 2005 1995 1985 1976Jakarta 1.84 1.97 1.81 1.82 1.51 1.33 Global Production 4217 3458 2521 2263 1588Colombo 2.99 3.26 3.28 3.14 2.87 2.53 Global Exports 1719 1566 1079 951 791Guwahati 1.74 2.33 2.43 2.23 2.14 1.72 Sri Lanka (without re- 303 299 235 198 200Malawi 1.67 1.61 1.58 1.58 1.37 1.05 exports)World 2.47 2.73 2.71 2.49 2.31 1.89 Sri Lanka percentage 17.6 19.1 21.8 20.8 25.3 (Global Exports) Source: ITC PUBLICATION OF TEA PROMOTION DIVISION—SRI LANKA TEA BOARD
  7. 7. Tea market update Volume 8 No. 1 P AG E 7 Sri Lanka Tea Board Participation at Foodex Trade Fair Participation Japan 2012 (6th to 9th March 2012)“PRODEXPO” RUSSIA (11th - 15th FEBRUARY Sri Lanka Tea Board organized a National Pavilion for2012) Ceylon Tea and participated together with Jafferjee Brothers Ltd, Imperial Teas (Pvt) Ltd, Stassen ExportsSri Lanka Tea Board participated at the Prodexpo – the (Pvt) Ltd and Basilur Tea (Pvt) Ltd at Foodex Japanlargest exhibition in Moscow, Russia with following tea 2012. The 60th anniversary of diplomatic relationsexporting companies. between Japan and Sri Lanka is being celebrated thisMabroc Teas (Pvt) Ltd., Natures Pride (Pvt) Ltd, CeylonTea Bags (Pvt) Ltd and Ceylon Tea Land (Pvt) Ltd. SriLanka coordinated and extended the necessary assistance year and a special promotional seminar for tea, tourism and investment and a high profile net-working session between the tea trades of Japan and Sri Lanka were organized to coincide with Foodex Japan 2012. Hon. Mahinda Samarasinghe, Minister of Plantationfor the successful participation of the above fair.GULFOOD 2012 in UAE, 19th – 22nd February Industries and Hon. Namal Rajapakse, Member of Parliament graced the occasion. Sri Tea Board wasSri Lanka Tea Board facilitated the participation of 09 represented by its Chairperson and Directorprivate sector tea exporting companies under the Ceylon (Promotion).Tea pavilion at GULFOOD 2012 exhibition. The compa-nies participated under Ceylon Tea pavilion are M/s. BPL HORECA 2012 in Lebanon, 20th – 23rd MarchTeas (Pvt) Ltd, M/s. HVA Foods (Pvt) Ltd, M/s. RanferTeas (Pvt) Ltd, M/s. Mabroc Teas (Pvt) Ltd, M/s. Vintage Sri Lanka Tea Board organized the participation of 02Teas Ceylon (Pvt) Ltd, M/s. Ceylon Fresh Teas (Pvt) Ltd, private sector tea exporting companies at above tradeM/s. Ceylon Tea Land (Pvt) Ltd, M/s. Eswaran Brothers exhibition that M/s Eswaran Brothers Exports (Pvt) LtdExports (Pvt) Ltd and M/s. Ceylon Tea Marketing (Pvt) and M/s. Imperial Teas (Pvt) Ltd. Sri Lanka Tea BoardLtd. Sri Lanka Tea Board coordinated all the logistical coordinated all the logistical arrangement of thearrangement of the participation of the exhibitors. participation of the exhibitors. PUBLICATION OF TEA PROMOTION DIVISION—SRI LANKA TEA BOARD
  8. 8. Tea market update Volume 8. No. 1 P AG E 8 In the study, 75 young male regular tea drinkers were split into Research Update two groups and monitored for six weeks. One group, the control group was given a caffeinated placebo devoid of theBlack tea reduces risk of Parkinsons disease active tea ingredients."To our knowledge, this is the first prospective cohort studyThe other group was given fruit-flavored caffeinated tea mix-of Parkinsons Disease risk factors in a non-white populationture made up of the constituents of an average cup of black tea.living in Asia..." When both groups were subjected to challenging tasks whichAsst Prof Koh Woon Puay, Department of Occupational and induced stress, the group taking the tea mixture was found to beFamily Medicine.Findings from a collaboration between the able to reduce their cortisol levels by an average of 47 per cent.National Neuroscience Institute (NNI) and NUS have revealed "We had observed an inverse association between consumption of black tea and the risk of Parkinsons Disease in the Chinesefor the first time, that drinking black tea (but not green tea)reduces the risk of developing Parkinsons Disease among the population residing in Singapore. Our research is a very prom-Chinese population in Singapore. ising first step to identify dietary and lifestyle factors related to Parkinsons disease in an Asian context. More studies will beThe findings, which are published in the on-line issue of needed before we can firmly establish the protective effect ofAmerican Journal of Epidemiology (Dec 2007) suggest that black tea on the disease and understand its underlying mecha-black tea may exhibit neuroprotective effects on Parkinsons nism. Such research will enable us to develop strategies toDisease. The findings, presented at the 1st Asian and Oce- prevent or reduce the progression of this debilitating neurode-anian Parkinsons Disease and Movement Disorders Congress generative condition," said Dr Louis Tan, senior consultant(Oct 2007) won the second prize for Best Research Presenta- neurologist at NNI-TTSH who is leading the study with Dr Kohtion Award. of NUS. The NNI-NUS study is unique. "To our knowledge, this is theNICE CUPPA TEA: Dr Koh Woon Puay and Dr Louis Tan first prospective cohort study of Parkinsons Disease risk fac-lead research team on the effects of black tea on Parkinsons tors in a non-white population living in Asia. Singapore Chi-Disease.There has always been a lack of data from Asian nese are well suited for the study of coffee, green tea and blackpopulations on dietary and lifestyle factors associated with tea consumption and health outcomes since all three types ofParkinsons Disease, said co-Principal Investigator for the beverages possess divergent intake profiles in this population.research project, Asst Prof Koh Woon Puay, Department of Other strengths of the study are its population-based design andCommunity, Occupational and Family Medicine. To fill this the collection of data on tea-drinking prior to disease diagno-gap, the researchers examined these factors in relation to sis," said Dr Koh.Parkinsons Disease in the Singapore Chinese Health Studywith a cohort of 63,257 Chinese men and women. This is a Next, the team intends to dentify other factors that may affectfirst community-based study of the diseases risk factors in an an individuals risk of developing Parkinsons disease as well asAsian population. understand the mechanism of black teas protective effect on the disease. Experimental scientists have shown that black teaBetween 1992 and 2005, data was collected through in-person extracts (oxidised polyphenols such as thearubigins andinterviews using structured questionnaires. Results from the theaflavins ) possess neuro-protective and neuro-rescue proper-study showed that individuals who had a higher dietary intake ties in an animal model of Parkinsons Disease, said Dr Koh.of caffeine were less likely to develop Parkinsons disease. But at the moment, it is too early for the team to identify whatThis result tallies with what several large population-based the possible protective content may be.studies in USA and Europe have shown.However, a novel finding by the NNI-NUS team is that blacktea intake also reduces the risk for developing the disease --and it is not just the caffeine content in black tea that is re-sponsible. Green tea, in contrast, did not show any significantprotective effects on the disease.Black tea magicBlack tea comes from the leaves of Camellia sinensia -- a per-ennial evergreen shrub that is native to Southeast Asia. Theleaves are oxidised under controlled temperature and humid-ity. Then the leaves are dried to arrest the oxidation process. Trade and statistics inquiries:They are then sorted into grades according to their sizes. Sri Lanka Tea BoardAccording to a study in 2006 by University College London, 574,Galle Rd, Colombo – 03.black tea also has an effect on stress hormone levels in the Tel :2587814,2582122 Fax : 2587341body. PUBLICATION OF TEA PROMOTION DIVISION— SRI LANKA TEA BOARD

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