Tobacco

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Tobacco

  1. 1. Tobacco: A Cultural History of How an Exotic Plant Seduced Civilization By: Iain Gately -Amanda Ghalibaf
  2. 2. The Beginnings of Tobacco Use <ul><li>First discovered in the Americas, its native lands. </li></ul><ul><li>First cultivated in Peruvian/ Ecuadorean Andes from 5,000- 3,000 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Tobacco use spread throughout entire continent by Columbus’ arrival in 1492. </li></ul><ul><li>Two types: Nicotiana Rustica , and Nicotiana Tabacum. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why Smoke? <ul><li>For medicinal purposes </li></ul><ul><li>- Believed to cure both minor and serious illnesses. From a Toothache, to Cancer. </li></ul><ul><li>For spiritual purposes </li></ul><ul><li>- Believed to be a blessing or protection against enemies. Gift to the Gods. </li></ul><ul><li>For pleasure </li></ul><ul><li>- Stimulated the senses, caused hallucinations and trances. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Stimulation, not Nourishment <ul><li>Snuffed through nostrils. Quickest way to bloodstream. </li></ul><ul><li>Smoked by Shamans. Gateway to communication with deceased. </li></ul><ul><li>Drunk </li></ul><ul><li>Smeared over bodies. Ritual as right of passage. </li></ul><ul><li>Chewed </li></ul>
  5. 5. Spread of Tobacco <ul><li>Originated in tribes of the Americas (Incas, Mayans, Aztecs) </li></ul><ul><li>After conquer of tribes, Spanish conquistadores brought to Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>Exploration of Africa and Asia (Japan, China) led to spread of Tobacco. </li></ul><ul><li>Spread to Middle East. </li></ul>
  6. 6. From Rejection to Addiction <ul><li>Europeans first rejected smoking of Tobacco. </li></ul><ul><li>Thought of as dirty, relations with Satan. </li></ul><ul><li>Spread as medicinal. England was first to use for pleasure. </li></ul><ul><li>Associated with wealth and royalty. </li></ul>
  7. 7. A Savior in the Colonies <ul><li>African slaves were sent to work in Tobacco fields of Jamestown. </li></ul><ul><li>- First introduction of slaves in North America. </li></ul><ul><li>Boosted economy. Provided citizens with work, served as currency. </li></ul><ul><li>Created the Revolutionary War. Caused the war but also supplied the victory. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Modern Day Use of Tobacco <ul><li>Scientists discovered smoking cigarettes is related to lung and other Cancers. </li></ul><ul><li>- Still production and marketing rise. </li></ul><ul><li>Health labels were put on boxes. </li></ul><ul><li>Advertising increased, pushing cigarettes in every way possible. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Modern Day Uses Cont. <ul><li>Advertising companies target minors. Sell tobacco to them. </li></ul><ul><li>Cigars seen as “less risk” to smoke than cigarettes. </li></ul><ul><li>- Became popular with both men and women. </li></ul><ul><li>Despite health risks, Cigarettes are still popular in the U.S. and Europe. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Impact on Society <ul><li>Most ambiguous substance today. </li></ul><ul><li>1.2 billion smokers around the world- pleasure, a friend, comforter. </li></ul><ul><li>Millions already killed from cancers related to smoking. </li></ul>

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