Student Resistance By: Mark Edelman Boren
Effects <ul><li>Educational Reform </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Rights </li></ul><ul><li>World War I </li></ul><ul><li>National...
Origins <ul><li>Medieval Age </li></ul><ul><li>Starting around 1100 AD </li></ul><ul><li>European universities </li></ul><...
St. Scholastica’s Day Riot <ul><li>February 10, 1354 </li></ul><ul><li>Town-Gown Melee </li></ul><ul><li>Lasted Several Da...
Renaissance and Reformation <ul><li>Students support Professors </li></ul><ul><li>Teach peasants  </li></ul><ul><li>More T...
John Locke <ul><li>“Natural Law” </li></ul><ul><li>Subjects will always rebel under and unjust ruler </li></ul>
Burschenschaften <ul><li>German student group </li></ul><ul><li>Organized </li></ul><ul><li>Carl Follen- radical extremist...
Louis Auguste Blanqui  <ul><li>Organized students against French Monarchy 1830’s </li></ul><ul><li>Arrested then released ...
Non-European Resistance <ul><li>China- Mencius  </li></ul><ul><li>America- Abolitionist Student groups </li></ul>
Radical Russians <ul><li>Alexander I-restricted student activism </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander II-denied student organizatio...
Continued Organization <ul><li>Germany- Anti-Smetism and anti-catholic groups prevaled </li></ul><ul><li>Union Nationale d...
Russian Terrorism <ul><li>Continued revolts, strikes and retaliation </li></ul><ul><li>Captured students forced to work in...
Start of World War I <ul><li>1914 Princip and small group of radical Black Hand members ambush Archduke Franz Ferdinand </...
China and Latin America <ul><li>China- May Fourth Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Protest against Japanese control </li></ul><u...
Germany Pre-WWII <ul><li>National Socialist German Student Group </li></ul><ul><li>Student organized book burnings and rio...
Student Militancy and Warfare <ul><li>WWII- drew many students into war  </li></ul><ul><li>Post WWII- anti-Nuclear protest...
U.S. Student Activism <ul><li>Established infrastructure for national base: New Student, University on the Air  </li></ul>
India’s Independence <ul><li>August 8, 1942 Gandhi led Indians in a nonviolent, peaceful resistance of British control </l...
U.S. Student Activism Post WWII <ul><li>Great Decline in activism </li></ul><ul><li>Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) </l...
1960’s U.S. Student Fight For Freedom <ul><li>Organized Sit Ins </li></ul><ul><li>Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committe...
1968: Year of the Student <ul><li>France:  Radicals Les Enrages and the Situationists called for immediate educational ref...
1968: Year of the Student (cont.) <ul><li>United States : Columbia University </li></ul><ul><li>Youth International Party ...
Tiananmen Square <ul><li>Chinese students protest against Communism </li></ul><ul><li>Student Strike  </li></ul><ul><li>St...
The End
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Studentresistance

  1. 1. Student Resistance By: Mark Edelman Boren
  2. 2. Effects <ul><li>Educational Reform </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Rights </li></ul><ul><li>World War I </li></ul><ul><li>National Politics </li></ul>
  3. 3. Origins <ul><li>Medieval Age </li></ul><ul><li>Starting around 1100 AD </li></ul><ul><li>European universities </li></ul><ul><li>Town-Gown </li></ul>
  4. 4. St. Scholastica’s Day Riot <ul><li>February 10, 1354 </li></ul><ul><li>Town-Gown Melee </li></ul><ul><li>Lasted Several Days </li></ul><ul><li>Ended with University’s Supremacy over the Town </li></ul>
  5. 5. Renaissance and Reformation <ul><li>Students support Professors </li></ul><ul><li>Teach peasants </li></ul><ul><li>More Town-Gown Wars </li></ul>
  6. 6. John Locke <ul><li>“Natural Law” </li></ul><ul><li>Subjects will always rebel under and unjust ruler </li></ul>
  7. 7. Burschenschaften <ul><li>German student group </li></ul><ul><li>Organized </li></ul><ul><li>Carl Follen- radical extremist leader </li></ul><ul><li>Carl Sands- assassinated popular writer </li></ul>
  8. 8. Louis Auguste Blanqui <ul><li>Organized students against French Monarchy 1830’s </li></ul><ul><li>Arrested then released after Revolution in 1848 </li></ul><ul><li>Great influence on radical students </li></ul>
  9. 9. Non-European Resistance <ul><li>China- Mencius </li></ul><ul><li>America- Abolitionist Student groups </li></ul>
  10. 10. Radical Russians <ul><li>Alexander I-restricted student activism </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander II-denied student organization, raised tuition </li></ul><ul><li>Led to protests from students </li></ul><ul><li>Dmitri Karakosov-attempt assassinstion </li></ul><ul><li>Students turn to terrorism/assassination </li></ul>
  11. 11. Continued Organization <ul><li>Germany- Anti-Smetism and anti-catholic groups prevaled </li></ul><ul><li>Union Nationale des Estudiants de France (UNEF) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Russian Terrorism <ul><li>Continued revolts, strikes and retaliation </li></ul><ul><li>Captured students forced to work in Siberia until old enough to be exacuted </li></ul><ul><li>Students united in a strike over “Bloody Sunday Massacre” </li></ul><ul><li>Students solidarity led to downfall </li></ul>
  13. 13. Start of World War I <ul><li>1914 Princip and small group of radical Black Hand members ambush Archduke Franz Ferdinand </li></ul>
  14. 14. China and Latin America <ul><li>China- May Fourth Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Protest against Japanese control </li></ul><ul><li>Argentina- Students able to negotiate radical educational reforms </li></ul>
  15. 15. Germany Pre-WWII <ul><li>National Socialist German Student Group </li></ul><ul><li>Student organized book burnings and riots showed student power </li></ul>
  16. 16. Student Militancy and Warfare <ul><li>WWII- drew many students into war </li></ul><ul><li>Post WWII- anti-Nuclear protests </li></ul>
  17. 17. U.S. Student Activism <ul><li>Established infrastructure for national base: New Student, University on the Air </li></ul>
  18. 18. India’s Independence <ul><li>August 8, 1942 Gandhi led Indians in a nonviolent, peaceful resistance of British control </li></ul><ul><li>Students not as self-controlled as Gandhi’s followers </li></ul>
  19. 19. U.S. Student Activism Post WWII <ul><li>Great Decline in activism </li></ul><ul><li>Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) </li></ul>
  20. 20. 1960’s U.S. Student Fight For Freedom <ul><li>Organized Sit Ins </li></ul><ul><li>Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom Riders </li></ul><ul><li>Berkeley Protests-Bancroft Strip </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Vietnam Protests </li></ul>
  21. 21. 1968: Year of the Student <ul><li>France: Radicals Les Enrages and the Situationists called for immediate educational reforms </li></ul><ul><li>Led to war with French Government </li></ul><ul><li>Lasted over a month </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico : Students peacefully protested in Plaza of Three Cultures, surrounded and fired upon with machine guns </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated around 500 dead </li></ul>
  22. 22. 1968: Year of the Student (cont.) <ul><li>United States : Columbia University </li></ul><ul><li>Youth International Party (Yippies) </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Vietnam protests </li></ul><ul><li>Let Us Vote (LUV) </li></ul>
  23. 23. Tiananmen Square <ul><li>Chinese students protest against Communism </li></ul><ul><li>Student Strike </li></ul><ul><li>Student vs. Govenment </li></ul>
  24. 24. The End

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