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  1. 1. Student ResistanceA History of The Unruly Subject <br />By Liana Feldman<br />
  2. 2. The fourth “r”<br />We are taught about the the major “R’s”<br />Writing, Reading, and Arithmetic <br />Boren argues that the fourth “R” is resistance<br />His conclusion is that for 500 years students have practiced resistance to overcome their oppression<br />Thesis-<br />“At crisis moments, students are at the center of extremely powerful sociological, political, and physical force for which they are generally taught the ‘three R’s”<br />
  3. 3. The Major Student Resistance points<br />Military resistance<br />Political and religious resistance <br />Group and organizations formed<br />Resistance against power in the community<br />
  4. 4. Military Resistance<br />Japan: Students who were anti-Vietnam War and Anti-U.S imperialist continued to riot against the American Military forces existing in Japan<br />Mexico: In 1968, student activist broke into high schools while violently fighting off police that brutally beat them. They continued to resist against the U.S military taking part in the Vietnam War.<br />U.S: Students resisted against the Vietnam War from 1955-1975 and also during the Cold War against communism<br />
  5. 5. Military Resistance<br />
  6. 6. Organization and formation of groups <br />With many student outrages failing from either massive size or poor organization, tactics were starting to be formed.<br />Small groups of student resisters were made. They branched off of large organization and managed to spread in vast areas. <br />Eventually these branches and ideas of student activism spread to Turkey, India, China, The United States, and continued in many parts of Europe<br />German students formed these branches within their own government with the Nazis. The Nazi’s recruited students in small branches using their support discreetly. <br />
  7. 7. Political and Religious resistance<br />With Terrorism becoming a popular occurrence all around the world, student resistance started to become more involved and eager in political problems.<br />Ireland: Students who longed for democracy protested against the domination of Northern Ireland. Catholic students marched to protest against catholic unemployment <br />Italy: Students fought for work and the power in politics. They formed an alliance with the laborers to fight against the Italian government. <br />
  8. 8. Political and Religious resistance<br />Protestant-Catholic debates triggered students into religious unrest during the Renaissance period<br />Oxford Students attacked the mayor of Oxford in 1658 due to political disagreements<br />King Charles attempted to turn Universities into military bases, causing student activism<br />Tiananmen Square outburst in 1989 was filled with student resisters fighting for democracy and an overcome of the oppressing communist government<br />
  9. 9. Political and religious resistance<br />
  10. 10. Resistance and agreement with the community<br />First Universities were started in Europe for educational purposes, which eventually started to benefit the towns while attracting people and money. Resistance was started when the students didn’t feel they had enough power, so they threatened to pull the university out of the town.<br />Africa: Kwame Nkrumah, the president of Ghana, worked to united the students and political power of Ghana to overcome apartheid in South Africa<br />While China’s political parties fought against each other the used their universities students with the knowledge of student resistance helping or hurting political debates all off the world.<br />
  11. 11. Resistance and Agreement with the community<br />Student groups in Germany, Poland, and France started to grow and rebel against their community<br />India: Students joined Gandhi's teachings, and rebelled against war and violence<br />Italy: Students fought for work and the power in politics. They formed an alliance with the laborers to fight against the Italian government.<br />