N ATHANIEL’S  N UTMEG The True and Incredible Adventures of the Spice Trader Who Changed the Course of History   By: Giles...
The Pursuit of Spices <ul><li>The ‘Spiceries’ </li></ul><ul><li>-  East Indies: Ternate, Tidore, Makian, Halmahera, Ceram,...
 
1569 map of “the east” The spice islands, or Moluccas
1553 <ul><li>First voyage of Mystery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Company and Fellowship of Merchant Adventurers for the Discover...
1580-1591 <ul><li>Voyages of Drake and Cavendish </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proved strength of England’s ships </li></ul></ul><...
Lancaster’s expedition <ul><li>Establishment of the East India Company </li></ul><ul><li>1599- receive Queen’s permission ...
Competition <ul><li>Henry Middleton arrived at ‘spiceries’ </li></ul><ul><li>Portuguese had control of main Banda Islands ...
Hawkins’s Expedition <ul><li>William Hawkins sent to negotiate with Moghul Emperor to build factory </li></ul><ul><li>Arri...
Nathaniel’s Expedition <ul><li>I October 1616, appointed commander:  Swan  and  Deference </li></ul><ul><li>Arrived at Run...
Resolutions <ul><li>Treaty of Westminster: 1654, signed between England and Holland: £85,000 for damages, £4,000 to famili...
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Nathaniels Nutmeg

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Nathaniels Nutmeg

  1. 1. N ATHANIEL’S N UTMEG The True and Incredible Adventures of the Spice Trader Who Changed the Course of History By: Giles Milton
  2. 2. The Pursuit of Spices <ul><li>The ‘Spiceries’ </li></ul><ul><li>- East Indies: Ternate, Tidore, Makian, Halmahera, Ceram, Amboyna, Banda, Neira, Ai, Run, Rozengain, Gunung Api </li></ul><ul><li>- Northern passage/north-west passage </li></ul><ul><li>- main merchandise: pepper, cloves, nutmeg, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>- 16th century/Elizabethan London, Elizabeth I </li></ul><ul><li>- Portugal, England, Holland </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>primary competitors </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 4. 1569 map of “the east” The spice islands, or Moluccas
  4. 5. 1553 <ul><li>First voyage of Mystery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Company and Fellowship of Merchant Adventurers for the Discovery of Unknown Lands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Richard Chancellor, Sir Hugh Willoughby </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>North-East Passage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not successful </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. 1580-1591 <ul><li>Voyages of Drake and Cavendish </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proved strength of England’s ships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 english ships set out for east indies: Edward Bonaventure, Penelope, Merchant Royal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Returned after 3 years 6 weeks 2 day: human and financial disaster </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Lancaster’s expedition <ul><li>Establishment of the East India Company </li></ul><ul><li>1599- receive Queen’s permission </li></ul><ul><li>Found ways to keep occupied on board </li></ul><ul><li>Arrived in Achin in 1602 </li></ul><ul><li>Ala-uddin read letter from Queen; graciously accepted trade </li></ul><ul><li>Departed with pepper and spices for Bantam </li></ul>
  7. 8. Competition <ul><li>Henry Middleton arrived at ‘spiceries’ </li></ul><ul><li>Portuguese had control of main Banda Islands </li></ul><ul><li>Dutch ships arrive, not friendly </li></ul><ul><li>Disease on board- dysentery, typhoid, scurvy etc. </li></ul><ul><li>England-need to establish trade with India; send expedition </li></ul>
  8. 9. Hawkins’s Expedition <ul><li>William Hawkins sent to negotiate with Moghul Emperor to build factory </li></ul><ul><li>Arrived 1607 on western coast </li></ul><ul><li>Emperor thought very highly of Queen, took immediate liking to Hawkins </li></ul><ul><li>Stayed for 6 years when offered £3,200 a year, 400 horses, and the title of Duke, Inglis Khan </li></ul><ul><li>Left when realized he was not in a good situation </li></ul><ul><li>Overall mission failed </li></ul>
  9. 10. Nathaniel’s Expedition <ul><li>I October 1616, appointed commander: Swan and Deference </li></ul><ul><li>Arrived at Run, of the Banda Islands, to control nutmeg trade </li></ul><ul><li>Natives agreed, King James became king of Ai and Run </li></ul><ul><li>Geography of island made difficult anchoring </li></ul><ul><li>Disloyal men cut the anchor and sailed to Neira, and surrendered to the Dutch </li></ul><ul><li>Amboyna Massacre took place during his voyage, lost hundreds of men </li></ul>
  10. 11. Resolutions <ul><li>Treaty of Westminster: 1654, signed between England and Holland: £85,000 for damages, £4,000 to families of Amboyna </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Breda: 1667, signed between England and Holland: exhanged Manhattan for Run </li></ul>

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