King leopold's ghost

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King leopold's ghost

  1. 1. A presentation on the novel by Adam Hochschild<br />King Leopold’s Ghost<br />
  2. 2. Who was King Leopold II?<br />Belgian king<br />Selfish and greedy<br />Wealthy<br />Owned the Congo free state from 1885-1908<br />Formed the International African Association and the International Association of the Congo to establish himself as a philanthropist and humanitarian<br />
  3. 3. Who was Henry Morton Stanley?<br /><ul><li>Claimed to be an American explorer/journalist, actually European
  4. 4. First to explore all of Africa, from east to west
  5. 5. First to visit the Congo
  6. 6. Hired by King Leopold to visit Congo and build roads/infrastructure</li></li></ul><li>Wanted to bring civilization to Congo region<br />Christianity<br />Infrastructure<br />Technology<br />Establish a strong society in the region<br />Protecting people of Congo from Arab-slave traders<br />What did Leopold claim?<br />
  7. 7. What did Leopold actually do?<br /><ul><li>Stole tons of ivory, gold, and rubber
  8. 8. Acquired items through slave labor industries
  9. 9. Physically abused the people of the Congo through imprisonment, slavery, torture, and fear
  10. 10. Through his terror-stricken rule, around 10 million Africans were killed</li></li></ul><li>Other effects of his colonization<br />Disease from Europe brought to the Congo<br />Famine spread as his army destroyed villages and stole food from village<br />Wives and children of men who did not complete their work were brutally taken hostage by Leopold’s soldiers<br />“rubber terror” defines the many human rights abuses that were violated during Leopold’s reign of the Congo region<br />
  11. 11. What happened next?<br /><ul><li>Few discovered Leopold’s massive genocide and publicized it
  12. 12. Edmund Dene Morel: a British shipping-company employee noticed the massive amount of goods arriving into Europe from the Congo but the lack of goods being brought to the Congo
  13. 13. George Washington Williams: an African American journalist who publicized the torture and crimes being committed through an open letter to King Leopold</li></li></ul><li>The end of Leopold’s reign<br />Many began to question Leopold’s intentions, and so due to international pressure, he gave up his rule to the Belgian government in 1908<br />Tried to burn all remaining documents of his crimes<br />Meanwhile, the Congo area recovered slightly, however, Leopold’s reign had a devastating effect on the population and development of the region<br />

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