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King Leopold’S Ghost


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Published in: Business, Travel

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King Leopold’S Ghost

  1. 1. King Leopold’s Ghost Presentation by Ben Fiorillo
  2. 2. King Leopold II <ul><li>King of Belgium </li></ul>
  3. 3. Acquiring the Congo <ul><li>Leopold was interested in acquiring land in Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Morton Stanley explored a large amount of the African continent. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leopold hired him to create paths near the Congo River so that steamboats could come in. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Acquiring the Congo (Continued) <ul><li>Bought land from village chiefs </li></ul><ul><li>Obtained international recognition for his colony (Not Belgium’s) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Through conferences and other diplomatic efforts </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Wealth of the Congo <ul><li>The African continent has ivory from the tusks of elephants and has a large amount of rubber. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Atrocities of the Congo <ul><li>Leopold established a system of forced labor. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slavery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>An army was created (Force Publique). </li></ul><ul><li>Punishments included severe whippings and severing of the hands </li></ul><ul><li>Population decreased from 20 million to 10 million in 40 years </li></ul>
  7. 7. Atrocities of the Congo (Continued)
  8. 8. The Outside World <ul><li>The world outside the Congo was not aware of what was happening. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leopold kept it quiet. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>George Washington Williams was the first to report the atrocities </li></ul><ul><li>William Henry Sheppard, E.D. Morel, and Sir Roger Casement also made the world aware of everything occurring in the Congo. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Outside World (Continued)
  10. 10. King Leopold and the Congo <ul><li>Sold the Congo to Belgium for a hefty sum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Died in 1909 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Owned the Congo from the late 1800s until the turn of the 20 th century </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Later rulers took advantage of the Congo even after it gained independence in 1960. </li></ul>
  11. 11. King Leopold and the Congo (Continued) <ul><li>Took a lot of money from the Congo (billions of dollars) and used it to finance the construction of buildings and monuments in Belgium that served little interest to the Belgians </li></ul>