Inventing Japan: 1853 - 1964 by Ian Buruma Meg B.
Decline of Old Order, Rise of New <ul><li>Comm. Matthew Perry in 1853 </li></ul><ul><li>unrest about weak shogunate -> ove...
Meiji Restoration <ul><li>new constitution - still rule by few </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>P...
1910s - ‘20s <ul><li>industrial boom during WWI then slump afterwards </li></ul><ul><li>culture - erotic, new ideas like c...
Military Control <ul><li>military govt - end of party cabinet system </li></ul><ul><li>nationalistic propaganda </li></ul>...
“Holy War of Asian Liberation” <ul><li>Pearl Harbor in 1941 - Japanese proud </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US stopped providing ma...
US Occupation <ul><li>army and navy disbanded </li></ul><ul><li>soldiers hanged for war crimes </li></ul><ul><li>MacArthur...
The Rise (Again) of Japan <ul><li>end of occupation in 1952 </li></ul><ul><li>massive demonstrations against US Security T...
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Inventing Japan

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Inventing Japan

  1. 1. Inventing Japan: 1853 - 1964 by Ian Buruma Meg B.
  2. 2. Decline of Old Order, Rise of New <ul><li>Comm. Matthew Perry in 1853 </li></ul><ul><li>unrest about weak shogunate -> overthrow, civil war in 1868 </li></ul><ul><li>change in mindset - China is center of world -> Japanese are superior </li></ul><ul><li>following Western example </li></ul><ul><ul><li>merge of church and state with Shintoism (believed Christianity had united, strengthened West) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>support for colonization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>previously some Dutch learning, but suspicious of Western ideas - those suspected of involvement were killed -> Western ideas accepted </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Meiji Restoration <ul><li>new constitution - still rule by few </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>People’s Rights Movement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>farmer debt, revolts, debates about politics in towns </li></ul></ul><ul><li>joining West, rejecting Asia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>beat China in Sino-Japanese War </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>culture - upper class Westernization </li></ul></ul><ul><li>propaganda promotes nationalism, unity </li></ul><ul><li>Russo-Japanese War - brutal trench warfare </li></ul>
  4. 4. 1910s - ‘20s <ul><li>industrial boom during WWI then slump afterwards </li></ul><ul><li>culture - erotic, new ideas like cubism </li></ul><ul><li>riots for suffrage, punishment for Russia </li></ul><ul><li>massacres in Manchuria and Korea </li></ul><ul><li>violent party politics </li></ul><ul><li>political suppression, thought police </li></ul>
  5. 5. Military Control <ul><li>military govt - end of party cabinet system </li></ul><ul><li>nationalistic propaganda </li></ul><ul><li>took over Manchuria </li></ul><ul><li>rural hardship - revolution almost successful </li></ul><ul><li>Nanking Massacre in China in 1937 - looting, rape, burning neighborhoods </li></ul><ul><li>waring with Korea, Manchuria, Soviet Union </li></ul>
  6. 6. “Holy War of Asian Liberation” <ul><li>Pearl Harbor in 1941 - Japanese proud </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US stopped providing materials to stay in China </li></ul></ul><ul><li>joined Axis, bombing of Japanese cities </li></ul><ul><li>suicide culture </li></ul><ul><li>Hiroshima, Nagasaki -> accepted Allied terms </li></ul><ul><li>cruelty in Japanese colonies </li></ul>
  7. 7. US Occupation <ul><li>army and navy disbanded </li></ul><ul><li>soldiers hanged for war crimes </li></ul><ul><li>MacArthur instituted full suffrage, freedom of speech, parliamentary democracy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>new constitution based on Meiji constitution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>American popular culture </li></ul><ul><li>working on economic problems - hyperinflation </li></ul><ul><li>supplied US in Korean War </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Rise (Again) of Japan <ul><li>end of occupation in 1952 </li></ul><ul><li>massive demonstrations against US Security Treaty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US would “consult” Japan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Liberal Democrat Party - big buisness - in power for 40 years </li></ul><ul><li>debates about whether Japanese waring was just or criminal </li></ul><ul><li>prosperity - held Olympics in Tokyo in 1964 </li></ul>

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