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  1. 1. Einstein His Life and Universe By, Walter Isaacson
  2. 2. Childhood <ul><li>Born: March 14, 1879 </li></ul><ul><li>Born Jewish very religious during teen years </li></ul><ul><li>Interest in Science sparked by a compass as well as first thought experiment what would it be like to travel with a light beam </li></ul><ul><li>Learned to play violin helped him balance his scientific thought in later life </li></ul><ul><li>1889: Max Talmud student that Einstein’s family cared for helped Einstein in math </li></ul><ul><li>1895: Einstein moved from Germany to Zurich </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Lovers <ul><li>Mileva Marić: Only female class mate of Einstein at university in Zurich </li></ul><ul><li>Fell in love had illegitimate daughter fate unknown </li></ul><ul><li>Married: January 6, 1903 </li></ul><ul><li>First son: May 14, 1904 </li></ul><ul><li>Second son: July 28, 1910 </li></ul><ul><li>Divorced 1919 remarried later that year to first cousin Elsa </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Miracle Year 1905 <ul><li>Produced 4 revolutionary papers </li></ul><ul><li>1. Particle Nature: Nature of light can be explained through math (contradicts prior beliefs) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Brownian Motion: explained random movements of particles to prove existence of atoms </li></ul><ul><li>3. Electro Dynamics: Simultaneity is impossible and space and time are relative led to theory of Relativity </li></ul><ul><li>4. Mass & Energy equivalence: Shows that mass can be converted into energy E=MC2 </li></ul>
  5. 5. Special Relativity 1905 <ul><li>Theory of Special relativity said that in certain situations space and time are relative </li></ul><ul><li>This contradicted many beliefs and led many people to question their beliefs in the universe and god </li></ul>
  6. 6. General Relativity 1911-1915 <ul><li>General Relativity states that gravity distorts spacetime mathematically his theories were correct needed proof used pictures of an eclipse to show that light is bent by gravity proves anywhere that gravity is space and time are relative shakes peoples belief in universe and god even more </li></ul>
  7. 7. Niels Bohr <ul><li>Einstein motivated many Scientists including Niels Bohr </li></ul><ul><li>Bohr was motivated by Einstein to study atoms and radiation </li></ul><ul><li>1920: Discovered that the movement of electrons was completely random </li></ul><ul><li>Made people disbelieve in god because certain things in life were by chance </li></ul>
  8. 8. Unified Field Theory <ul><li>Einstein wanted to connect the electromagnetic field and gravitational field to prove this was supposed to disprove Bohr </li></ul><ul><li>Showed Einstein was getting older he wanted to keep physics the way they were no sudden changes because it did not agree with his belief in god </li></ul>
  9. 9. Atomic Research <ul><li>1939: Einstein was convinced by European researchers that his theory of mass energy equivalence could lead to the creation of high powered explosions </li></ul><ul><li>Einstein wrote to president Roosevelt to warn him about the problem </li></ul><ul><li>This began the Manhattan project which was responsible for researching the destructive power of splitting atoms </li></ul><ul><li>Einstein was not hired because he was a possible security risk but did solve some equations for the project </li></ul>
  10. 10. Later Years and Death <ul><li>Einstein was a pacifist and pushed for the creation of the United Nations </li></ul><ul><li>1952: Einstein was asked to be the second president of Israel but he declined </li></ul><ul><li>April 17, 1955: Einstein died due to internal bleeding </li></ul>
  11. 11. Summary <ul><li>Einstein was the most influential scientist of modern time and possibly ever </li></ul><ul><li>Although his theories are difficult for the common person to understand the concepts and results of his theories changed the course of world history </li></ul>