1421 The Year China Discovered America  By: Gavin Menzies  Cole DiRoberto
Thesis <ul><li>China discovered the New World,  and circumnavigated the world before the Europeans.  </li></ul>
Startling Discovery <ul><li>In Minnesota, Menzies discovered map dated 1424 (charted by Venetian Pizzigano) the islands of...
Menzies’ Agrument <ul><li>Ming China=only country powerful and stable enough to fund overseas voyages  </li></ul><ul><li>Z...
Zheng He and Fleet <ul><li>7 voyages </li></ul><ul><li>Menzies claims that they circumnavigated the world </li></ul><ul><l...
Evidence   <ul><li>Chinese fleet was advanced and could definitely have sailed around the world </li></ul><ul><li>Language...
Argument Against <ul><li>Menzies’ questionable nautical knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of concrete evidence </li></ul><u...
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1421 Powerpoint

  1. 1. 1421 The Year China Discovered America By: Gavin Menzies Cole DiRoberto
  2. 2. Thesis <ul><li>China discovered the New World, and circumnavigated the world before the Europeans. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Startling Discovery <ul><li>In Minnesota, Menzies discovered map dated 1424 (charted by Venetian Pizzigano) the islands of “Satanezes and Antilia </li></ul><ul><li>Menzies believes these islands were those of present-day Puerto Rico and Guadeloupe </li></ul><ul><li>Who discovered these islands before the Europeans? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Menzies’ Agrument <ul><li>Ming China=only country powerful and stable enough to fund overseas voyages </li></ul><ul><li>Zhu Di, emperor of Ming China, wanted to correct the “barabarian” West </li></ul><ul><li>Sent Admiral Zheng He with treasure fleet on a voyage </li></ul>
  5. 5. Zheng He and Fleet <ul><li>7 voyages </li></ul><ul><li>Menzies claims that they circumnavigated the world </li></ul><ul><li>Best (naval) technology  compasses, charts </li></ul><ul><li>30,000 people on ships </li></ul><ul><li>800 ships </li></ul><ul><li>400 ft long </li></ul><ul><li>Biggest ships the world has ever seen </li></ul><ul><li>Enormous in size compared to Columbus’s ships </li></ul>
  6. 6. Evidence <ul><li>Chinese fleet was advanced and could definitely have sailed around the world </li></ul><ul><li>Languages, linguistics, DNA, in common/closely related with China </li></ul><ul><li>Indigenous plants to China found in New World </li></ul><ul><li>Customs, games, rituals of inhabitants of the Americas were oddly very similar to those of the Chinese </li></ul><ul><li>Bimini Road, mystical road to which Menzies claims the treasure fleet created </li></ul><ul><li>Giraffe given to emperor of China </li></ul><ul><li>Buildings in North America that Menzies’ claims were built by the Chinese for navigational purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Portuguese admit to having not created the maps that showed the New World, but they don’t know who made them </li></ul><ul><li>Written records claiming Zheng He’s fleet visited 30,000 countries </li></ul><ul><li>Columbus thought that he had reached China </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Menzies argues that Columbus thought he reached China because the people looked Chinese </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Argument Against <ul><li>Menzies’ questionable nautical knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of concrete evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Menzies’ makes claims without evidence to back it </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: Menzies claims the fleet split up while traveling near the Americas. One fleet went North the other South; each fleet led by a specified captain. </li></ul></ul>

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