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NOTES ON BOOK-1 -1- BY: PROF.MOHSIN IFTIKHAR-
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  1. 1. NOTES ON BOOK-1 -1- BY: PROF.MOHSIN IFTIKHAR- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ NOTES ON BOOK-1 By: MOHSIN IFTIKHAR EXERCISE ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-BUTTON BUTTON Q.1 Why did Norma consider the tone and attitude of Mr. Steward offensive? ANS:When Mr. Steward insisted on having some time, Norma disliked it and considered the tone and attitude of Mr. Steward offensive. Q.2 Why did Arthur disagree with his wife? ANS:Norma was unable to convince him, rather, Arthur snubbed her. He disliked her idea of killing an innocent person. He did not like to hurt anyone at any cost. That is why he disagreed with his wife. Q.3 Why did Norma try to persuade her husband to agree with her? OR What temptation/ attraction did Norma feel in fifty- thousand dollars? OR Why did Norma like to have and use button unit? OR What were Norma’s romantic ideas connected with the button unit? OR Why did Norma want to get $50,000? ANS:Norma tried her hard to persuade her husband to agree with her as she wanted to get fifty thousand dollars at any cost. She wanted to have a trip to Europe, a cottage on an island, a nice car and nice clothes. Q.4 What were the reasons Norma gave to her husband to accept the offer? ANS:Norma persuaded her husband to accept the offer saying that it might be some kind of psychological research or a game played by some millionaire. She further told that it would make no difference to kill an unknown person. Q.5 Why did Mr. Steward continue persuading Norma?(making her agree to get the button unit)? ANS:Mr. Steward continued convincing Norma because he had judged her greedy nature. He knew that she would do everything for money. Q.6 What was the message Norma received on pushing the button?
  2. 2. NOTES ON BOOK-1 -2- BY: PROF.MOHSIN IFTIKHAR- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ANS:The message from the Lenox Hill Hospital was that her husband, Mr. Arthur Lewis, had died in a train accident. A crowd on the platform had pushed him before the train. Q.7 What is the significance of Arthur’s life-insurance policy? ANS:Arthur’s life-insurance policy of twenty-five thousand dollars has a great importance for Norma because in case of accidental death, it will be doubled. Norma would get fifty thousand dollars after Arthur’s death which was equal to the reward offered by Mr. Steward. Q.8 Did Norma remain normal on hearing the news of the accident of her husband? OR How did Norma feel when she heard the news of her husband’s accident? ANS:Norma did not remain normal on hearing the news of her husband’s accident. Her breath seemed to stop, she could not walk and she felt something cold had pressed at her skull. 2- CLEARING IN THE SKY Q.1 Why didn’t the old man follow the advice of the doctors? ANS:The old man did not follow the advice of the doctors, because he thought that if he followed it, he would leave every type of work and as a result he will become lazy and die soon. Q.2 What had the doctors told the old man? OR What did a doctor tell Jess’s father to do? ANS:The doctors had told the old man not to walk the length of city block and to get a taxi to take him home. They advised him to take complete rest and not to work. Q.3 Where did the old man take his son? ANS:The old man wanted to take him to the top of the mountain. He wanted to show him that garden or land which he and his wife had prepared when it used to be a wilderness. Q.4 Had the son ever been there before? ANS:The old man’s son, Jess, had gone to the mountaintop several times. But it was three years earlier. Afterwards he did not go there often because he did not love it as much as his father. Q.5 Describe/What were the names of the vegetables the old man grew on his farm?
  3. 3. NOTES ON BOOK-1 -3- BY: PROF.MOHSIN IFTIKHAR- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ANS:The old man was growing potatoes, yams and tomatoes. Earlier he also grew beans and pumpkins. Surely, jess’s father knew how to grow vegetables and fruits on barren land. Q.6 Why did the old man/ Jess’s father take the steep path? OR Give at least two reasons for old man taking the steep path? ANS:The old man adopted the steep path to check his physical fitness. Besides, he wanted to show his hard work and spirit to his son. Moreover, he wanted to prove that doctor was wrong in advising him. Q.7 Why did the son at the age of six cry? OR What happened to the wooden plough that Jess’s father had made the writer and what did he feel about the second plough? ANS:The writer wept and cried at the age of six because he had lost the little wooden plough which his father had given him. His father made him another plough, which he did not like. Q.8 What were the feelings of the old man at the age of seventy? ANS:He thought that he had completed the days of his life. After those years his time was borrowed. Now he had lost hope and wished to go back to the places he knew and loved. Q.9 Why had the old man planted his secret garden? OR Why did Jess’s father love to grow vegetables on the mountaintop? ANS:He had planted a secret garden on the mountain top because he thought that anything grown on a new land would be better flavored and tasty. Even dirt at the top of the mountain gave a special smell. 3- DARK THEY WERE, AND GOLDEN EYED Q.1 Why did Harry want to go back to the Earth? OR Why did Harry want to stay on Mars? ANS:Harry wanted to go back to earth because he thought the Martian air would draw his soul out of his body; it would destroy his intellect and burn his past. It would snatch his identity from him. Q.2 Why did he want to stay? ANS:Harry wanted to stay on Mars because he had covered a distance of sixty million miles to reach there and it was absolutely impossible
  4. 4. NOTES ON BOOK-1 -4- BY: PROF.MOHSIN IFTIKHAR- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ to go back to the Earth. Moreover, he was afraid of war on the earth. Q.3 What climate did they face? ANS: They faced a very severe and unbearable climate. The wind blew as if it to flake away their identities. The Martian air might draw their souls. The nights were foggy. It was blazing in summer. Q.4 What was the condition of the Bittering family on hearing the news of the war on the Earth? ANS:When they heard this news, they become much disturbed. The mother held into her husband and daughter, Laura. Laura began to weep. Sweat poured from Mr. Bittering’s face, hands and body; he was drenched in the hotness of his fear. Q.5 What did they want to grow? ANS:They wanted to grow crops of the earth on Mars, like fruits and vegetables. They wanted to get such foods as they had on the Earth. For example onions, peach trees and of course they wanted to bring up their children. Q.6 What was the condition of their house? OR What was the effect of the weather on the house? ANS:Wind had burned their house. The fog at night had also affected it badly. All the boards had been warped out of shape. Q.7 What was the advice Harry gave to the people of America on Mars? OR Why did Harry try to build the rocket? ANS:Harry advised the people to work with him and help him in building a rocket. They could go to earth in this rocket. Q.8 How dangerous can Martian virus be? ANS:It can be very dangerous. It can make the earth people dark and golden-eyed. It can make them thin and slender. It can change their mind even. 4- THANK, YOU M’AM Q.1 What was the time when the boy tried to snatch the purse of the woman? Ans. It was about eleven O’ clock at night when the boy tried to snatch the purse of the woman. It was a dark night and the lady was walking alone.
  5. 5. NOTES ON BOOK-1 -5- BY: PROF.MOHSIN IFTIKHAR- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Q.2 What happened to the boy when he tried to snatch the purse? OR What did the lady do to the boy when he fell down? Ans. When the boy pulled the strap of the woman’s purse, he lost his balance and broke it. The lady kicked him on his buttocks and pulled him up. Q.3 What was the reaction of the woman? OR How did the woman behave towards the boy? Ans. The woman was not nervous and confused at all. She kicked the boy right square in his blue jeaned sitter, picked him up by his shirtfront and shook him forcefully until his teeth rattled. Q.4 What was the conduct of the people when they saw the incident? Ans. The conduct of the people was normal they just stopped, turned to look at the boy and the woman. Some people stood watching the incident without paying any serious attention. They were passive observer. Q.5 How did the boy look physically? OR Describe boy’s appearance. Ans. The boy was fourteen or fifteen, weak and thin, but attractive like a willow- wild. His face was dirty, and so must be his clothes. But in his tennis shoes and jeans, he looked smart. Q.6 What was the condition of the boy when the woman gave him a few jerks? Ans. The boy was very nervous, frightened and the sweat had started popping out of his face. He did not know what he could do. Q.7 Why did the woman ask the boy to wash his face? Ans. The woman knew that the boy was poor and helpless. She liked him in his poverty, young age and simplicity. She wanted to see him clean, and so she asked him to wash his face. Q.8 Why didn’t the boy run from the house of the woman? Ans. The boy did not run away because the woman had shown love and affection to him. He had come to like and trust her. He also did not want to make her feel badly about him. Q.9 Why didn’t the woman watch the boy while preparing a dish?
  6. 6. NOTES ON BOOK-1 -6- BY: PROF.MOHSIN IFTIKHAR- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Ans. The woman did not watch the boy while preparing a dish because she was sure that he would not try to run away. She wanted to show him that she trusted him. Q.10 What was the nature of the woman’s job? Ans. The woman worked in a hotel beauty shop that stayed open late at night. She had to deal with all kinds of women such as blonds, redheads and Spanish. 5- THE PIECE OF STRING Q.1 Why did Manana accuse Hubert of picking the lost pocketbook? Ans. Manana accused the old man because he had seen the latter picking something from the ground. He thought that the old man had picked up the pocket book. Q.2 What did the people think of Hubert when they heard the return of the pocketbook by some other person? Ans. People did not believe the old man’s statements. They said that those were the lying excuses. Rather, they made fun of the old man. Q.3 Why did George give the pocketbook to his employer? Ans. George gave the pocket-book to his employer because he was uneducated. He could not read the name and address written on the pocket-book. Q.4 What made Hubert shameful? Ans. Mr. Hubert was gentle man. He never committed any crime in his life. In this case, people considered the old man to be a liar. This made him shameful. Q.5 Why did the people make fun of his innocence? Ans: The old man was a poor country man. People did not bother whether he was innocent or not. They rather made fun of him to amuse themselves. Q.6 Why did he keep claiming his innocence before his death? OR Was it necessary for Hubert to continue justifying his innocence?
  7. 7. NOTES ON BOOK-1 -7- BY: PROF.MOHSIN IFTIKHAR- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Ans: He was a man of honor. People considered him to be a liar. This hurt his soul. Therefore, he kept on trying to prove his innocence till death. 6- THE REWARD Q.1 What was the subject discussed at the Club? ANS: The discussion was about opportunity and determination. Some people were supporting opportunity and others were in favour of determination in life. Q.2 What did Terbut think of Jorkens argument? ANS:Jorkens said that only determination was needed for success. Terbut did not agree with him. He said that opportunity was more important than determination for success. Q.3 How did Jorkens convince that a man can become a skating champion of the Sahara? ANS:He said that the man should earn money first. He should build the skating-ring in the Sahara and organize a competition there. He would be a skating champion all right. Q.4 How did Gorgios persuade his people to make country strong? OR What main argument did Gorgios offer (give) in favour of the post of court acrobat? ANS:He asked them to create a post of court acrobat. It would raise the glory of their country. It would strengthen their soldiers. The example of the physically fit athlete would strengthen their soldiers and they would fight bravely. Q.5 What was the viewpoint of the parents of Gorgios? ANS:His parents did not agree with Gorgios. They thought that only determination could do nothing. One should also have an opportunity for success. Q.6 What were the arrangements made for the function of inauguration? ANS:High swings were hung with glided ropes. A row of neat hurdles was arranged. Lights glittered. A band played softly. The great
  8. 8. NOTES ON BOOK-1 -8- BY: PROF.MOHSIN IFTIKHAR- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ throne room had been changed into gymnasium. Red and golden curtains hung along the walls. It was indeed a splendid scene. Q.7 Describe the scene of inauguration. Write three lines only? ANS:The men and ladies in brilliant dresses were standing in the shade. The doors opened with a flood of golden light. Then the old man in his brilliant uniform came in. Q.8 What were the feelings of Gorgios on the occasion? ANS:Gorgios felt happy that he had become a court acrobat after more than sixty years of efforts. He also looked sadly at the royal platform with questioning eyes. Q.9 Did Gorgios use any short cut to achieve his ambition? ANS:Gorgios did not use any short cut, rather he made efforts for sixty years to become a court acrobat. He struggled and also joined politics to his mission. Q.10 How long had Gorgios to stick to get his ambition achieved? OR Describe in brief Gorgios struggle for the achievement of his goal? OR Why did Gorgios consider determination “a pillar of success”? ANS:Gorgios had to stick to his aim for sixty years. He made every effort. He succeeded because of his determination and long efforts. 7- THE USE OF FORCE Q.1 What was the condition of the parents on the arrival of the doctor? Ans: when the doctor arrived, the parents were nervous and disturbed. They looked at the doctor distrustfully. They were much worried about their little girl. They wanted the doctor to tell them what was the matter with their child. Q.2 What was the behavior of the child with the doctor? Ans: She looked at him with her cold steady eyes. She behaved rudely with him. Even she fought with him to stop him from seeing her throat. Q.3 She had a fever for three days, hadn’t she?
  9. 9. NOTES ON BOOK-1 -9- BY: PROF.MOHSIN IFTIKHAR- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Ans: The girl had fever for three days. She had a serious throat disease. This disease had caused the fever. Q.4 Did the girl change her expression when the doctor said, “Does your throat hurt you?” Ans: No, the girl did not change her expression. When the doctor asked her if she had a sore throat. Neither she moved nor responded to the doctor at all. Q.5 Why did the doctor call the sick girl by her first name? Ans: The doctor called the sick girl by her first name to get frank with her. In this way, he wanted to show his kindness and friendliness. Q.6 Did the sick girl promptly respond to the instruction of the doctor? Ans: No, the sick girl did not respond promptly to the doctor’s instruction because she was a stubborn girl, rather, she behaved badly with him. Q.7 Why did the parents rebuke her? Ans: She was not co-operate with the doctor. The girl attacked him and threw his glasses away. Therefore, the parents rebuked her for such rudeness. Q.8 What was the threat of the doctor to the child if she did not show her throat? Ans: He threatened to use force if she did not open her mouth to show her throat. She did not take it seriously and did what she wanted. Q.9 Why did she break the wooden blade? Ans: The doctor was forcefully opening the girl’s mouth. As he put his wooden blade into her mouth, she broke it with her molars. Q.10 What was the condition of the tonsils of the sick girls? Ans: Both the tonsils were in bad condition. They were covered by a thin layer. Thus the girl was ill with fever. 8- THE GULISTAN OF SADI Q.1 What was the advice given by Nushirvan to his people? Ans: Nushirvan advised his people to be just and kind to others. Do not be cruel and tyrant. He said, “A tyrant does not remain in the world but the curse on him abides forever.
  10. 10. NOTES ON BOOK-1 -10- BY: PROF.MOHSIN IFTIKHAR----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -------------- Q.2 What was the remedy suggested by the physicians for the disease of the king? Ans: The physicians suggested that the disease of the king could only be cured by means of bile of a person having certain qualities. Q.3 Why did the boy look to the sky and smile? Ans: The boy looked toward the sky in order to ask help from God Almighty. The king and his parents had decided to kill him so he was seeking justice from God. He smiled because he believed that God would help him. Q.4 What should be the role of Qazi? Ans: The Qazi should be just and virtuous. He should treat everybody equally. He should not be partial to anyone. Q.5 Why did the king weep? Ans: The king wept when he heard the words of the boy. He felt that he was going to commit a great sin. He was killing an innocent boy only to recover his health. Q.6 How did the king recover? Ans: The king recovered because of his kindness. He released the boy and presented him with a lot of wealth. God liked his action and cured his illness. 9- THE FOOLISH QUACK Q.1 What is a clump of trees? Ans: A clump of trees means a large group of trees growing very close to one another. There is a very little gap between them. Q.2 What was stuck in the camel’s throat? OR How did the camel man cure his camel? Ans: A melon was stuck in the throat of a camel. The camel man tied a blanket round its throat and struck the place with the greatest violence. The melon broke in the throat of the camel and it was then easily swallowed. Q.3 What did the quack pretend to cure? Ans: The quack pretended to cure the goitre. He considered himself a specialist of that disease.
  11. 11. NOTES ON BOOK-1 -11- BY: PROF.MOHSIN IFTIKHAR----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -------------- Q.4 What did the quack do with the old woman (try to cure the old woman)? Ans: An old woman was suffering from goitre. The quack tied up her throat with a blanket and struck the swollen part with so much force that she died instantly. Q.5 What was the result of the cure? Ans: The result of the cure was very tragic. The old woman was already very weak. She could not bear the blow of the mallet and died instantly. Q.6 What was the punishment inflicted upon the quack by the villagers? Ans: The villagers forced the quack to dig the grave of the old woman. Then they beat him well and let him go. Q.7 For whom did the quack dig the grave? Ans: The quack dug the grave for the old woman whom he had killed with his mistaken treatment. Q.8 What did the quack do in the next village? Ans: The quack went to the next village and pretended that he was a great doctor and knew the cure of goitre. He got ready to cure an old man who was suffering from goitre. Q.9 Why didn’t the villagers let the old man get cured? Ans: The villagers did not let the quack cure the old man because he was talking about digging the grave of the patient before starting the treatment. Q.10 Why did the quack come back the camel-men? Ans: The quack thought that he suffered only because of the camel men. He came back to the camel men to blame them that they had not taught him the right way to cure goiter. 10- A MILD ATTACK OF LOCUSTS Q.1 What are locusts? Ans: The locusts are insects. They live mainly in Asia and Africa which are hot countries. They fly in very large groups. They eat and destroy all the crops and plants of an area.
  12. 12. NOTES ON BOOK-1 -12- BY: PROF.MOHSIN IFTIKHAR----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -------------- Q.2 Why did the farmers throw wet leaves on fire? Ans: The farmers threw wet leaves into the fires to make the smoke acrid and black. They wanted to keep the locusts away from their farms. Q.3 What was the desire of very farmer? Ans: Every farmer desired the locusts overlook his farm and go on to the next. At the same time they were fair enough to warn each other of the danger. Q.4 Did Margaret know what to do to keep the locusts away? Ans: No, she did not know what to do to keep the locusts away. She just stood and gazed at the onrush of locusts. Q.5 What was the condition of trees? Ans: The trees looked queer and still. They were clotted with insects. Their boughs bent down to the ground due to the weight of insects. Q.6 How did old Stephen treat the stray locust which he found on his shirt? Ans: Old Stephen picked a stray locust off his shirt and split it down with his thumbnail. It was clotted inside with eggs. Q.7 Are the hoppers different from the locusts? Ans: The hoppers are the young locusts. They go on growing and developing that are born from the eggs of the locusts. While the locusts are full grown insects who fly and jump fast; while hoppers jump from point to point. Q.8 Did Margaret lose heart on the loss of crops? Ans: Yes, she lost her heart. She did not even to think of locusts. She thought that the countryside was fully ruined. Q.9 Why are the locusts compared with bad weather? Ans: Margaret thought that the locusts would be like a bad weather. Like a bad weather they could appear at any moment. Q.10 Why did the men eat their supper with good appetites? Ans: They had fought with locusts the whole day. They were tired and hungry. So, they ate their supper with relish. 11- I HAVE A DREAM
  13. 13. NOTES ON BOOK-1 -13- BY: PROF.MOHSIN IFTIKHAR----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -------------- Q.1 What was the cause of Negroes’ discontentment? Ans: The Negroes were considered inferior to the white men. They were made slaves. These things created discontentment among them. Q.2 What are the qualities of the veterans of creative suffering? Ans: The veterans of creative suffering are very determined and steadfast. They are brave men. They think that the unearned suffering is redemptive. They fight for their rights. Q.3 What is the dream of Martin Luther king Jr.? OR What does Martin Luther King wish about America? Ans: He dreamt that one day, people would realize that all men are equal. Then they would live like brothers. There should be no difference of colour, creed and caste. A person should be judged by his qualities not by the colour of his skin. Q.4 What should be the faith of Negroes? OR How did Luther advise his people not to be disappointed? Ans: They should have the faith that unearned suffering is redemptive. They should believe that one day they would get the reward for their sacrifices. They should believe that all men are equal. Q.5 What was the necessity of pleading the case of the Negroes’ freedom? Ans: Negroes were treated like slaves. They could not enjoy equal rights. So, it was necessary for them to plead their case of freedom. Q.6 What should be the criterion of judgement for a person? Ans: A man should be judged by the qualities of his character and not by the colour of his skin. Q.7 Do the Negroes enjoy liberty in all the parts of their country? Ans: In the past, Negroes did not enjoy liberty in all parts of their country. Negroes enjoy equal rights. Q.8 From which part of the country did the Negroes gather there? Ans :They came from all parts of the country i.e. Mississippi, Alabama, South Carolina, Georgia, Louisiana and the northern cities. Q.9 Write down the song in your own words?
  14. 14. NOTES ON BOOK-1 -14- BY: PROF.MOHSIN IFTIKHAR----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -------------- Ans: My country is a sweet land of liberty. I sing its beautiful songs. It is land of my fathers. The pilgrims feel proud of my country. Every part of my country should be free. Q.10 What is the effect of the repetition of words? And: The effect of word repetition is to stress some main ideas. It gives a sweet sound effect. The words “freedom, ring, mountain” give such an effect. 12- THE GIFT OF THE MAGI Q.1 How much did she save for Christmas? Ans: Della could save only one dollar and eighty-seven cents in her careful buying of meat and other food. With this money she could not buy a nice gift for Jim. Q.2 Why did she feel proud in the beauty of her hair? Ans: Della’s hair looked like a falling stream of brown water. It reached below her knee. She felt pride in the beauty of her hair. Q.3 Why did she sell her hair? Ans: She sold her hair to get money to buy a gift for her husband at Christmas. Q.4 Why did Jim sell his gold watch? OR From where did Jim get money to buy the gift for Della? Ans: He sold his gold watch to get money to buy a gift for his wife at Christmas. Q.5 Why did they want to present/ exchange the gifts? Ans: They could not be happy at Christmas without giving gifts to each other. It is because they loved each other. Q.6 Why did she feel sad on losing her hair? Ans: She had a long beautiful hair. She was sad about losing them. She feared that Jim might hate her without her hair. Q.7 Why did Jim not welcome her when he stepped in? Ans: Jim could not welcome her because he was stunned to see Della without her long beautiful hair. He had bought combs for her hair. But her hair had gone. Q.8 What did he bring out of his coat?
  15. 15. NOTES ON BOOK-1 -15- BY: PROF.MOHSIN IFTIKHAR----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -------------- Ans: From the pocket of his coat, he took something out tied in a paper. They were beautiful combs for Della. Q.9 How beautiful was the gold watch chain? Ans: It was a simple chain. Its value was in rich and pure material. Its gold seemed to shine softly. Q.10 What was the wisdom in selling the most valuable things? Ans: Both the lovers wanted to give a gift to each other. But both did not have any money to buy gifts. They sold their valuable things to buy gifts for each other. 13- GOD BE PRAISED Q.1 What was alias Abdul’s full name? Ans: His full name was Maulvi Abul Barkat. His alias was Abul. Q.2 What was his turban known as and where did it originally come from? Ans: Maulvi Abul’s turban was known as’Mashadi Lungi’. Originally, it came from Mashad which is in Iran. Q.3 What did he always carry with him? Ans: He always carried with him a walking stick. It was decorated with golden bands and studs of brass. It looked like a royal stick. Q.4 Describe Maulvi’s appearance? Ans: Maulvi Abul Barkat wore a turban on his head. He wore silver rings on his fingers. He always carried a stick with him. He had bulging eyes. Q.5 How much did the Maulvi collect on every Eid? Ans: Maulvi Abul collected 150 to 200 rupees on every Eid. Q.6 How much was distributed among the needy and the poor? Ans: The needy and poor people waited for some help on the Eid day. At every Eid, he distributed 40 to 50 rupees among the needy and the poor. Q.7 What was the name of his eldest daughter? Ans: The name of his eldest daughter was Mehrunnisa (Mehrun).
  16. 16. NOTES ON BOOK-1 -16- BY: PROF.MOHSIN IFTIKHAR----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -------------- Q.8 What was the name of the member of the District Board where the Maulvi lived? Ana: The name of the member of the District Board was Chaudhry Fatehdad. Q.9 What was the name of his wife? Ans: The name of Maulvi Abul’s wife was zaibunnisa. Q.10 Write the names of the other two daughters who were mentioned in the story? Ans: The other daughters of Maulvi Abul were Zabda, Shamsun and Umda and his son was Arif. 14- OVER COAT Q.1 What was the colour of the overcoat of the young man? Ans: The colour of the overcoat of the young man was brown. The fine but second-hand overcoat of the young man was only a symbol of his outward respectable position. Q.2 How did he look like? OR Describe the young man’s appearance? OR The hero of the story? Ans: He had soft, shiny hair, sideburns and a thin moustache. He wore a brown overcoat with a rose in its buttonhole, a green felt-hat and carried a stick. Q.3 Why did the people come out on the Mall? Ans: As the evening advanced the cold become more intense. It was a cold that induced people to seek comfort in pleasure. They came out on the Mall to enjoy the fun of the streets. They were enjoying themselves in hotels, restaurants, cafes and snack bars according to their means. Q.4 Who were the people wearing such dress and had come on the Mall? Ans: Most of the people who came out on the Mall were wearing overcoats of every kind. These second-hand overcoats were the astrakhan, rough military khaki and others. Q.5 Why was the cat shivering? Ans: The cat was shivering because it was a very cold night.
  17. 17. NOTES ON BOOK-1 -17- BY: PROF.MOHSIN IFTIKHAR----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -------------- Q.6 Why did the driver of the truck speed away after the accident? Ans: After hearing the young man’s loud cry, the truck driver sped away. He feared that he would be caught and arrested if he stopped. Q.7 Who took the young man to the hospital? Ans: Some passersby stopped a car. They loaded the injured young man into it and took him to the hospital. Q.8 What kind of music was played in one of the restaurants? Ans: An orchestra (or’kes’tru) (a set of different musical instruments) was playing in the restaurant. Many people were listening to it in silence although the music was foreign. 15- THE ANGLE AND THE AUTHOR AND OTHERS Q.1 At what point/stage of journey in his dream did the author hear the throbbing sound of wings? Ans: In his dream, the writer flew over the London heights. He entered darkness when he heard the throbbing sound of wings. Q.2 What time of the year was it? Ans : It was about a fortnight (two weeks) after Christmas in January. The people would be working at different places after a long Christmas vacation. Q.3 What does the author like about Christmas? Ans: The author likes Christmas because people know become generous (helpful to others) and noble. They try to help each other. This is very delightful for the writer. Q.4 Write down the good deeds the author has admitted are a great joy on Christmas? OR Why did the author send to the charity bazaar? Ans: His subscription of ten shillings to the Fund for the unemployed, sending his dozen photographs to a charity bazaar and his contribution to the fund for poor church fathers. Q.5 Why are the noble deeds always a great joy for the author?
  18. 18. NOTES ON BOOK-1 -18- BY: PROF.MOHSIN IFTIKHAR----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -------------- Ans: It is because noble deeds are proof of our goodness and generosity. They make us really good and spiritually satisfied. They make us truly helpful and kind to others.
  19. 19. NOTES ON BOOK-1 -19- BY: PROF.MOHSIN IFTIKHAR----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------

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