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The Teaching Profession in Canada in 2025 - Uncertainty, Opportunity and Change


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Presentation for the Saskatchewan Teachers Federation Councillor Conference, Saskatoon, October 2017

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The Teaching Profession in Canada in 2025 - Uncertainty, Opportunity and Change

  1. 1. Uncertainty,Opportunityand Change:TheTeachingProfessionin Canadain2025 Stephen Murgatroyd, PhD FBPsS FRSA Presentation to The Saskatchewan Teachers Federation, October 2017 / @murgatroydsteph
  2. 2. This presentation willexplore:  A brief history of the future  Implications for education (K-12)  Implications for Schools  Implications for Young People  The challenge for the teaching profession and its leaders
  3. 3. ABriefHistoryofthe Future
  4. 4. DemographicShifts
  5. 5. Shiftof RegionalEconomicGeography
  6. 6. Globalization
  7. 7. Automation, 3D Printing and Robotics
  8. 8. Artificial Intelligence
  9. 9. The“Gig” Economyand theFutureof Work
  10. 10. Identityandthe Meaningof“Self inSociety”
  11. 11. TheChallengeforSchools Distractions&Diversions Distractions and Diversions
  12. 12. “Datafication”
  13. 13. Therearemore, accordingto JohnHattie..  Distraction 1: Appease to parents – “If only there were more choice of schools and smaller class sizes”  Distraction 2: Fix the infrastructure – “If only we had more effective curricula, more rigorous standards, more tests and more alternative-shaped buildings”  Distraction 3: Fix the student – “If only we had better, well-prepared students”  Distraction 4: Fix the schools – “If only schools had more money and autonomy, they would be better schools”  Distraction 5: Fix the teachers – “If only teachers had better initial training, were paid for performance and adopted new technology”
  14. 14. What Matters Most? Core Skills, Citizenship and Resilience
  15. 15. ““The main purpose of a school is to provide for the fullest possible development of each learner for living morally, creatively, and productively in a democratic society.”
  16. 16. TwoSolitudesofEducationalPolicy (MurgatroydandSahlberg,2016) Competition Between Schools Frequent Testing / Accountability De- Professionalization PISA Envy Collaboration Trust Based Responsibility Collaborative Professional Autonomy Equity as the Key Measure
  17. 17. ImplicationsforYoung People
  18. 18. ThePressureof SchoolWeighs Heavily Across the world, 46% of young people say school is a huge stressor In Canada this figure is 63% Students spend over 15,000 hours in school. It is a place of anxiety for many.
  19. 19. PhysicalHealthis aChallenge  Between 1978/79 and 2004, the combined prevalence of obesity among those aged 2 to 17 years in Canada increased from 15 per cent to 26 per cent.  Increases were highest among youth, aged 12 to 17 years, with overweight and obesity more than doubling for this age group, from 14 per cent to 29 per cent.  Of young people diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, 44% are First Nations, Metis or Inuit. Statistics Canada
  20. 20. Wellnessand MentalHealth  An estimated 1.5 million Canadian children and youth (aged 5-24) are affected by mental health issues and are not receiving access to appropriate supports, treatment, or care, with as many as 70% of young adults living with mental health problems or illnesses reporting that symptoms started in childhood.  Approximately 6% of young people experience and anxiety disorder serious enough to warrant treatment.
  21. 21. Opioid Crisis  In 2016 there were 914 overdose deaths in B.C., two- thirds linked to fentanyl. This number includes 142 deaths last December, 11 in one night.. Another 116 overdose deaths happened in BC in January 2017.  While the West Coast is the epicenter, drug users are dying across the country. There were 343 fentanyl and carfentanil-related deaths in Alberta in 2016.  Regina and Saskatoon have the highest rates of hospitalizations for significant opioid poisoning among Prairie cities with a population of 100,000 or more.  Final Ontario numbers have not yet been released for 2016, there were 353 overdose deaths reported in Toronto alone in 2016.
  22. 22. SuicideYouth are among the highest risk populations for suicide. In Canada, suicide accounts for 24 percent of all deaths among 15-24 year olds and 16 percent among 16-44 year olds. Suicide is the second leading cause of death for Canadians between the ages of 10 and 24. Teen suicide is growing, especially amongst First Nations and disadvantaged youth.
  23. 23. Poverty  1 in 7 persons in Canada live in poverty – 4.9 million people.  17% of Canada’s youth live in poverty – but for Canada’s indigenous youth, this figure is between 45- 50% (varying by location).  Saskatchewan has the third highest provincial child poverty rate.  45% of Aboriginal children live in low-income families.  More than one in three immigrant children are poor.  20% of children spent three or more years in poverty, exceeding the national average of 15%.  One-third of poor children in Saskatchewan live in families with full-time, full-year employment.
  24. 24. YetCanadianyouth aregenerally hopefulabouttheir future…  Despite these issues, young people are optimistic  Because of..  Technological advances  Greater access to education across the life-cycle  Faster and easier communication  Global sense of citizenship  Youthful commitment to peace  But are fearful of..  Warmongering by the US  Growing inequality in Canada  Climate change / environment
  25. 25. Implicationsforthe Profession
  26. 26. What We Teach To Whom When Will be Increasingly Contested
  27. 27. How We Teach Will Transform
  28. 28. Who Gets to Teach and How Long They Remain in the Profession will be Problematic
  29. 29. Demands for Accountability and “Datafication” Will Disrupt the Profession
  30. 30. Schools Will be Seen as Permanently Failing - And We Will be Blamed
  31. 31. WhatYouMightThink About
  32. 32. Drive the agenda, Don’t be reactive