Garrison, D. R., Anderson, T., & Archer, W. (2000). Critical inquiry in a text-based environment: Computer conferencing in higher education. The Internet and Higher Education, 2(2-3), 87-105 PDF Garrison, D. R., Anderson, T., & Archer, W. (2001). Critical Thinking and Computer Conferencing:A Model and Tool to Assess Cognitive Presence. American Journal of Distance Education. PDF Garrison, D. Randy; Terry Anderson, and Walter Archer (2001). Critical Thinking, Cognitive Presence, and Computer Conferencing in Distance Education, American Journal of Distance Education, 15(1). PDF Reprint Garrison, Randy & Terry Anderson, (2003). E-Learning in the 21st Century: A Framework for Research and Practice, 2003, p. 23.
McMaster Presentation - Personalizing Learning
Stephen Murgatroyd, PhD FBPsS FRSA
What does “personalized learning” mean?
1. Learner determines their own route to completion by
choosing modules suited to their interests / needs /
capabilities and build their own program.
2. Learner is able to take a varied route through a pre-
planned course / program so as to secure credit.
3. Supports are geared to individual learners based on
their progress through a designed course / program.
Analytics are being used in some universities / colleges
Secure targeted recruitment of students
Predict learner outcomes and support active early
Enable assessments for learning to be used to trigger
adaptive learning responses
Support continuous improvement in course design and
Support student advising and career guidance services
Brightspace is an adaptive learning engine within D2L
which permits the (relatively) easy creation of
personalized learning routes.
A setup wizard helps you build new courses—or make
existing ones adaptive—using content you already have
or new material from external sources.
Access to 700,000+ learning objectives via
the Achievement Standards Network
Ability to import content from open educational
resources (OERs) and publishers
Integration with Brightspace Learning Environment and
support for other LMS options via LTI
developed intelligent tutoring systems that use student
test responses to personalize how they navigate through
material and assessments, targeting the skills they need
investigated automatic detection of affect – including
whether students are bored or confused – and used that
to adapt materials they use; and
built conversational agents or “chatbots” that can engage
in discussions with students, even to support student-to-
student advising and support services
Linking analytics to learning styles and automated
content / learning resource finding - IBM Watson’s
Teacher Advisor launched Sept 13th 2017
Assessment is the key to personalized learning:
Competency / capability based assessment enables
learners to capture and store their achievements
Video based assessment (Valid8), simulation and game
based assessment, capability reviews are all forms of
emerging assessment practice.
AI engines being used to generate assessment items
(Varafy) and automated marking of complex assessment
E-Portolio’s capture learning and enable learners to
showcase their abilities - UK requires all PSE’s to
provide an e-portfolio
RIIPEN is a fast-growing resource to support “paired”
assessment and e-portfolio’s
National Study of Student Engagement looks at these
Level of Academic Challenge
Active and Collaborative Learning
Enriching Educational Experiences
Supportive Campus Environment
Less is more! Challenge students to solve problems,
preferably real world problems:
Weekly challenge as the core design
Content light, idea rich
Peer to peer team based work + personal assignment
Driven by a competency / capability map and assessment
Create publishable resources – blogs, social media
campaigns, journalistic pieces, academic articles
Flip the “classroom”!
Short (1-2 week) modules focused on specific and
assessable learning outcomes.
Modules are stackable and can be pursued in a variety
of different ways (in class, online, flipped…)
Modules are stackable..
Assessment of competency, capability and
understanding is key - can replace teaching / learning
Engagement and challenge are key design challenges
Engage students in the work of design..
Less is more…