Successfully reported this slideshow.
Miss. Nimmy Varghese
NATIONAL INTEGRATION IN INDIA
National Integration is a way to make people aware about the
power of unity among people living in a country. It makes people
aware about the necessity of Rastrya Ekta by bringing equality amon
people of different culture, race, cast and reigion. It promotes to
strengthen the unity among people of any group, society, community
and whole country to bring national unity a day. It is not force by any
authority however it is a request from people to make our country a
developed country. It is possible only through the unity and harmony
of the people. They should share their ideas, values and other issues
to enhance their emotional bonds people must feel and live the unity
within diversity and make our national identity a supreme power.
There is immense importance of national integration India.
Integration means combination of parts in to a whole. India is a country
consisting of a number of regions. If the regions remain united there
will be no problem.
Unity in diversity is the motto of Indian Life and culture. A
wide range of diversity in dress, language, culture, food and manner
can be easily noticed among the people of different states of India.
Though the people of India from different states of India are different
i their manners and way of living, they are aware of the importance of
At preset our national life and unity have been broken in to
pieces by various divise forces of communalism, racism, provincialism
and reigious fanaticism etc. As a result tension and feeling, murder
and arson, riot and disturbance occur. Hindu- Muslim riot, Hindu -
sikh riot and fights within the same religious community have
blackened the face of India. It is a bad sign that regional sentiments
and provicialism have gained root in political scene. There is a Cry in
Kashmir, Darjeeling, Assam, Tripura and many north Eastern states
for a Seperate Identity. The anti nationals create a region of terror by
blasting bombs, Kidnapping and murdering the leaders and even the
CERTAIN MEASURES ARE NECESSARY FOR
NATIONAL INTEGRATION IN INDIA
The banners, posters, slogans, lectures are not the remedies
of this dreadful malady. It i important to study the problem, their
causes and we must be sincere to remove them without causing any
hurt to our national feeling.
The light of education should be wide spread to remove the
evils of literary, ignorance, superstition and selfishness. Movement
of people form one region to another should be encouraged along
with inter - communal marriage. No language should be imposed on
those who are unwilling to accept it. Importance of national integration
in India should be made known through radio and television, film
and drama, song and cassettes.
A multi - lingal, multi- racial country like India demands
greates attention and fullest co-operation on the part of the national
leaders to cope with the problems. To defened our democracy to stop
the mudding cry of the oppurtunities, the student community should
take an oath at this luncture. Students can play an important role in
the keeping up the spirit of national integration. Removal of poverty
and casteism - restoration of moral and political sanity are what we
National Integration of the great iportance in India to enhance
the individual level development. In this counry and make it a strong
country. In India National Integration day is observed as a most
important social event every year on 19th of November. For more
awareness among public about the national integration, a whole week
programme has also been implemented by the government of India to
observe annually as National Intrgration week from 19th to 25th
November. India is country famous for its different cultures traditions,
races, religions, castes and creeds but it cannot be unseen that it is still
comes under the developing countries because of the diversity in the
thinking of people living here. People living here think differently
according to their own culture and religion which is a big issue of
hindering the individual and country development.
ROLE OF EDUCATION IN IMPROVING
Education is of great significance of bringing out about national
integration. It is a strong weapons which can be used effectively for achieving
our national understanding. Some of the way and means to promote National
Integration are as under:-
1) National Policy of Education
The policy should have the uniform pattern from primary to university
level throughout the length and the breadth of the country the following things
should be implemented.
Students should be aditted in the institutions on the basis of intelligence
It should be given on the basis of their ability and financial position and
not on the basis of caste, religion or community
Domiciliary restrictions in regard to migration of students between on
state and another should be immediately removed
2) Redesigning the Text books
There is an imperative need for recasting books on Indian history,
geography, literature and language etc.
3) Organizing co-curricular activities
The activities prepare the students for National Integration in a direct
and an indirect way. They exercise a more effective and useful impact on
their personality. This place is comparatively higher than other place.
Following some of the activities that are included in the National Integration
a) Celebration of National Days
b) Celebration of Birthday’s of great men
c) Celebrating cultural festivals
d) National Anthem
e) Bulleting board
f) Respecting the National Symbols
g) Participating in Social activities
4) Adult Education
Mass literacy and lack of proper education endanger national soldarity.
India is still a land of mass literacy. Adult education programmes should
be organized while keeping in view the development of national
consciousness and national solidarity.
5) Religious and moral Education
It emphases the brotherhood of mankind is a great persuading force to
bring about emotional and national integration. True Secularism is not
opposed to religious and moral teaching rather secularism implies true
religion and morality
6) Taking pledge
Students may be asked to repeat a pledge twice a month dedicating
themselves to the service of their country and their countrymen.
ROLE OF TEACHER IN
Teacher should play an very effective role for the promotion of national
integration only national minded teacher can strengthen the spirit of unity
and the idea of compositness.Ateacher can make the following contributions:-
1) A living model
A teacher has been regarded as the builder of the nation. He influence
the students by his behaviour. He should have a national out look and reflect
national conciousness, actions, conduct and bahaviour so that the students
may receive the message of national integration.
2) Broad out look
He should rise above petty biases and prejudices. He should be impartial
and treat his students euqally without distinction of caste, sex, creed colour
and religion etc.
3) Firm Faith
He should have firm faith in national unity and love for the country.
4) Saying and Doing
What a teacher does speaks more loudly than what he says. He should
do whatever he says. There should be no difference in saying and doing.
Teacher must introduce his country in his lessons. The history of his
country, its cities, its rivers, its songs, its people etc. History, civics, and
geography literature, art and music should be taught from the national point
6) Writing books
Teachers should co-operate increasing books on Indian history, civics,
literature, and language etc. Leading the students to appreciate historical,
social, cultural, linguistic and religious of the people of India.
7) Moral Duty
Teacher should prepare the students mentally for national integration
8) Newspaper and books
The teacher should inspire them for having faith and love for national
language, national literature, national culture, national festivals, national
symbols, and national glory.
9) Check wrong tendencies
When the teacher notices that young minds are going towards casteism,
linguism, narrowmindness, rowdysm and hooliganism, be should try to check.
10) Implementing Government programmes
The diection and programmes of the government for developing national
integration should be taken more seriously and implemented.
National Integration is vital for India’s Survival. It is the cry of the
moment. The country must mobilize all its resources to evolve a concrete
national programme. The future of the nation is dark unless a high national
charater of the people is developed.
Education for National Integration Reuben R. Palm
A project in National Integration Dorothy J Mial