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Online Assignment

Online Assignment

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Online Assignment

  1. 1. Online Assignment
  2. 2. Submitted by Nima M.N. Social Science Submitted to Miss. Nimmy Varghese NATIONAL INTEGRATION IN INDIA
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION National Integration is a way to make people aware about the power of unity among people living in a country. It makes people aware about the necessity of Rastrya Ekta by bringing equality amon people of different culture, race, cast and reigion. It promotes to strengthen the unity among people of any group, society, community and whole country to bring national unity a day. It is not force by any authority however it is a request from people to make our country a developed country. It is possible only through the unity and harmony of the people. They should share their ideas, values and other issues to enhance their emotional bonds people must feel and live the unity within diversity and make our national identity a supreme power.
  4. 4. CONTENT There is immense importance of national integration India. Integration means combination of parts in to a whole. India is a country consisting of a number of regions. If the regions remain united there will be no problem. Unity in diversity is the motto of Indian Life and culture. A wide range of diversity in dress, language, culture, food and manner can be easily noticed among the people of different states of India. Though the people of India from different states of India are different i their manners and way of living, they are aware of the importance of National Integration. At preset our national life and unity have been broken in to pieces by various divise forces of communalism, racism, provincialism and reigious fanaticism etc. As a result tension and feeling, murder and arson, riot and disturbance occur. Hindu- Muslim riot, Hindu - sikh riot and fights within the same religious community have blackened the face of India. It is a bad sign that regional sentiments and provicialism have gained root in political scene. There is a Cry in Kashmir, Darjeeling, Assam, Tripura and many north Eastern states for a Seperate Identity. The anti nationals create a region of terror by blasting bombs, Kidnapping and murdering the leaders and even the innocent people.
  5. 5. CERTAIN MEASURES ARE NECESSARY FOR NATIONAL INTEGRATION IN INDIA The banners, posters, slogans, lectures are not the remedies of this dreadful malady. It i important to study the problem, their causes and we must be sincere to remove them without causing any hurt to our national feeling. The light of education should be wide spread to remove the evils of literary, ignorance, superstition and selfishness. Movement of people form one region to another should be encouraged along with inter - communal marriage. No language should be imposed on those who are unwilling to accept it. Importance of national integration in India should be made known through radio and television, film and drama, song and cassettes. A multi - lingal, multi- racial country like India demands greates attention and fullest co-operation on the part of the national leaders to cope with the problems. To defened our democracy to stop the mudding cry of the oppurtunities, the student community should take an oath at this luncture. Students can play an important role in the keeping up the spirit of national integration. Removal of poverty and casteism - restoration of moral and political sanity are what we essentially need.
  6. 6. CONCLUSION National Integration of the great iportance in India to enhance the individual level development. In this counry and make it a strong country. In India National Integration day is observed as a most important social event every year on 19th of November. For more awareness among public about the national integration, a whole week programme has also been implemented by the government of India to observe annually as National Intrgration week from 19th to 25th November. India is country famous for its different cultures traditions, races, religions, castes and creeds but it cannot be unseen that it is still comes under the developing countries because of the diversity in the thinking of people living here. People living here think differently according to their own culture and religion which is a big issue of hindering the individual and country development.
  7. 7. ROLE OF EDUCATION IN IMPROVING NATIONAL INTEGRATION Education is of great significance of bringing out about national integration. It is a strong weapons which can be used effectively for achieving our national understanding. Some of the way and means to promote National Integration are as under:- 1) National Policy of Education The policy should have the uniform pattern from primary to university level throughout the length and the breadth of the country the following things should be implemented. a) admission Students should be aditted in the institutions on the basis of intelligence and ability b) Scholarship It should be given on the basis of their ability and financial position and not on the basis of caste, religion or community c) Migration Domiciliary restrictions in regard to migration of students between on state and another should be immediately removed 2) Redesigning the Text books There is an imperative need for recasting books on Indian history, geography, literature and language etc. 3) Organizing co-curricular activities The activities prepare the students for National Integration in a direct and an indirect way. They exercise a more effective and useful impact on
  8. 8. their personality. This place is comparatively higher than other place. Following some of the activities that are included in the National Integration a) Celebration of National Days b) Celebration of Birthday’s of great men c) Celebrating cultural festivals d) National Anthem e) Bulleting board f) Respecting the National Symbols g) Participating in Social activities 4) Adult Education Mass literacy and lack of proper education endanger national soldarity. India is still a land of mass literacy. Adult education programmes should be organized while keeping in view the development of national consciousness and national solidarity. 5) Religious and moral Education It emphases the brotherhood of mankind is a great persuading force to bring about emotional and national integration. True Secularism is not opposed to religious and moral teaching rather secularism implies true religion and morality 6) Taking pledge Students may be asked to repeat a pledge twice a month dedicating themselves to the service of their country and their countrymen.
  9. 9. ROLE OF TEACHER IN NATIONAL INTEGRATION Teacher should play an very effective role for the promotion of national integration only national minded teacher can strengthen the spirit of unity and the idea of compositness.Ateacher can make the following contributions:- 1) A living model A teacher has been regarded as the builder of the nation. He influence the students by his behaviour. He should have a national out look and reflect national conciousness, actions, conduct and bahaviour so that the students may receive the message of national integration. 2) Broad out look He should rise above petty biases and prejudices. He should be impartial and treat his students euqally without distinction of caste, sex, creed colour and religion etc. 3) Firm Faith He should have firm faith in national unity and love for the country. 4) Saying and Doing What a teacher does speaks more loudly than what he says. He should do whatever he says. There should be no difference in saying and doing. 5) Correction Teacher must introduce his country in his lessons. The history of his country, its cities, its rivers, its songs, its people etc. History, civics, and geography literature, art and music should be taught from the national point of view.
  10. 10. 6) Writing books Teachers should co-operate increasing books on Indian history, civics, literature, and language etc. Leading the students to appreciate historical, social, cultural, linguistic and religious of the people of India. 7) Moral Duty Teacher should prepare the students mentally for national integration 8) Newspaper and books The teacher should inspire them for having faith and love for national language, national literature, national culture, national festivals, national symbols, and national glory. 9) Check wrong tendencies When the teacher notices that young minds are going towards casteism, linguism, narrowmindness, rowdysm and hooliganism, be should try to check. 10) Implementing Government programmes The diection and programmes of the government for developing national integration should be taken more seriously and implemented. National Integration is vital for India’s Survival. It is the cry of the moment. The country must mobilize all its resources to evolve a concrete national programme. The future of the nation is dark unless a high national charater of the people is developed.
  11. 11. REFERENCE Education for National Integration Reuben R. Palm A project in National Integration Dorothy J Mial httppl: www.nationalintegration.in httppl:www.nationalintegrationindia.org.

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