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Et unit022 communication

“Communication is a process of sharing experiences till it becomes a common possession”.

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Et unit022 communication

  1. 1. Communication By Muntajeeb Ali.
  2. 2. • Communication meaning and nature: Latin word “Communis” • According to John Dewey – “Communication is a process of sharing experiences till it becomes a common possession”. • Edgar Dale defines communication as the sharing of ideas and feelings in a mood of mutuality. • Thus communication is; • Passing on Information. • Exchange of Ideas. • Sharing of Ideas with one another.
  3. 3. Sending the message Receiving of the message Encoding a message Decoding of the message Feedback Source Motive or Need or urge to communicat e IF NO Process Of Communication. Successful
  4. 4. • Scope of Communication: 1.Small group of networks: 2.Wheel network 1.A chain network: – Circle network:
  5. 5. 4) “Y” network: 5) All channel networks:
  6. 6. B) Institutional communication network: 1. Upward communication – Downward communication – Lateral communication Types of communication and their uses: – Verbal communication – Non-Verbal communication
  7. 7. A) Kinesics: the language of body movement • Emblems: sign language • Illustrators: gestures that are directly tied to speech • Affect displays: facial configurations • Regulators: certain body movements are used to encourage • Adaptors: these are the movements used to manage emotions
  8. 8. B) Proxemics: we also communicate through the way the space or territory around us • Intimate distance • Personal distance • Social distance • Public distance c) Time
  9. 9. • Barriers in communicate. • Semantic barriers • Perceptual barriers • Perceptual distortions • Emotional barriers • Prior relationships • Timing • Filter problems
  10. 10. • Prestigious Jargon • Geographical distance • Wrong channels or medium • Poor verbal skills • Unconvincing arguments • Leadership arrogance • Source credibility • Status of the communicators
  11. 11. • Lasswell’s model (1948) • Harold Lasswell a political scientist studied very carefully the American presidential Elections (1948). Based on his studies on the process of political campaigning and propagandas he introduced an important model, elements of which survive in more developed modern models. • ?? Who • ?? Says What • ?? In Which Channel • ?? To Whom • ?? To What Effect
  12. 12. • WHO • SAYS WHAT • IN WHAT MANNER • TO WHOM • WITH WHAT EFFECT
  13. 13. • Lasswell: Communicator • Lasswell: The Message • Lasswell: Channel • Lasswell: The Receiver • Lasswell: Effects
  14. 14. • Problems in communicating in the classroom.

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