TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM IN HIGH RISE BUILDINGS

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TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM IN HIGH RISE BUILDINGS

  1. 1. TOPIC 6: TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM IN HIGH RISE BUILDINGS
  2. 2. Transport refers to a vehicle carrying someone or something from one place to the lain. Transport system can usually be divided into several distribution depends on the way it moves, power and others.
  3. 3. Scope of work 1. the theory a) Review of transport services and transport services consumer perception. 2. thepractical a) Factors to be taken into account passenger travel. b) Position of each type of transport. c) Advantages and disadvantages of each type of transport. SCOPE OF WORK
  4. 4. THE DIFFERENCE LIFTS vs ESCALATORS vs MOVING WALKWAYS
  5. 5. LIFTS(ELEVATOR) ESCALATOR MOVING WALKWAYS MOVEMENT GOES VERTICAL MOVING STAIRS HORIZONTAL OR INCLINED MOVING FUNCTION a type of vertical transport equipment that efficiently moves people or goods between floors (levels, decks) of a building, vessel or other structure. a conveyor transport device for carrying people between floors of a building. is a slow moving conveyor mechanism that transports people across a horizontal or inclined plane over a short to medium distance SPEED speeds of up to 2,000 feet per minute (10 m/s) a single-width escalator traveling at about 1.5 feet (0.5 m) per second can move about 2000 people per hour. speeds of 90 to 120 feet per minute
  6. 6. LIFT ESCALATOR MOVING WALKWAY
  7. 7. ESCALATORS Escalator is a moving staircase - a conveyor transport device for carrying people between floors of a building. The device consists of a motor-driven chain of individual, linked steps that move up or down on tracks. • Escalators are used around the world to move pedestrian traffic in places where elevators would be impractical. • Principal areas of usage include department stores, shopping malls, airports, transit systems, convention centers, hotels, arenas, stadiums and public buildings.
  8. 8. • A moving staircase used to carry people from one floor of a building to another. • Can be placed in the same physical space as one might install a staircase. • Escalators are quite convenient due to the fact that they are quite safe in case of a emergency. • On top of that a escalator can transport a large amount of people at the same time. • Can always walk up on one side to get to the top faster if you want. • Escalator takes up more space because it is built in a incline which stretches out a certain length depending on how high it needs to reach. • It is not safe to take a stroller, walker or even a cart on an escalator.
  9. 9. • Crisscross @ cross-over (silang-menyilang) • Parallel (selari) • Multiple parallel (selari berbilang) • Single unit.
  10. 10. • Minimizes structural space requirements by "stacking“. • Escalators that go in one direction. • Frequently used in department stores or shopping centers.
  11. 11. • Up and down escalators “side by side or separated by a distance”. • Seen often in metro stations and multilevel motion picture theaters.
  12. 12. MULTIPLE PARALLEL • Two or more escalators together that travel in one direction next to one or two escalators in the same bank that travel in the other direction.
  13. 13. • To connect the two floors. • Suitable for traffic moving in one direction. • Flexible adjustment of the traffic flow (eg : flow in the morning & evening).
  14. 14. PARTS OF ESCALATOR
  15. 15. THE USERS SAFETY PROCEDURE IN HANDLING ESCALATORS
  16. 16. When entering escalators:Watch the direction of the moving step and step on and off with extra care •Take care if you are wearing bifocals or similar eyewear •Hold children firmly with one arm or hold child's free hand •Hold small packages firmly in one hand, but always leave one hand available to hold the handrail •Grasp the handle as you step onto the moving step •Do not step onto an escalator going in the opposite direction •Do not take wheelchairs, electric scooters, strollers, hand carts, luggage carts or similar items on the escalator
  17. 17. When riding escalators:Keep loose clothing clear of steps and sides •Wear closed-toed and hard-soled shoes, and avoid wearing footwear made of soft-resin or other rubbery materials •Stand clear of the sides of the escalator •Face forward and keep firm grip on the handrail •Reposition your hand slowly if the handrail moves ahead or behind the steps •Don't climb onto or ride the handrail •Do not let children sit on steps or stand too close to sides
  18. 18. When exiting escalators:Don't hesitate and step off promptly Make sure to step over the comb fingers; don't let your feet slide off the end of the escalator Immediately move clear of the escalator exit area; don't stop to talk or look around since other passengers may be behind you
  19. 19. FUNCTION OF ELEVATOR O An elevator is a vertical transport equipment that moves people or goods between floors of a building, other structure. Elevators are generally powered by electric motors that either drive traction cables or counterweight systems like a hoist, or pump hydraulic fluid to raise a cylindrical piston like a jack.
  20. 20. ADVANTAGES OF ELEVATOR O Easier for consumer to use it at office, hospital, shopping mall and etc. O Provide comfortable to consumers. O Can carry heavy things. O Useful for emergency which is lift for fire extinguisher is provided. O For business interests that require a lot of customers.
  21. 21. DISADVANTAGES OF ELEVATOR O Elevators require frequent maintenance O high cost of energy to operate the elevator, the cost of the equipment O risk of contamination from a hydraulic fluid spill from the hydraulic tank and the noise and slow operating speeds.
  22. 22. Traction elevator
  23. 23. Hydraulic elevator
  24. 24. THE SAFETY PROCEDURE AND BEST PRACTICES IN HANDLING ELEVATOR(LIFTS)
  25. 25. When riding elevators: •Hold the handrail, if available •Stand next to the elevator wall, if available •Pay attention to the floor indications and announcements when provided •If the doors do not open when the elevator stops, push the DOOR OPEN button. When exiting elevators: •Exit immediately at your floor. Do not wait for others behind you •Do not push the people in front of you when exiting •Watch your step - the elevator car may not be perfectly level with the floor • In the event of an elevator emergency: •If the elevator should ever stop between floors, do not panic, there is plenty of air in the elevator •Never climb out of a stalled elevator •Use the ALARM or HELP button, the telephone or the intercom to call for assistance •Above all, wait for qualified help to arrive and never try to leave an elevator that has not stopped normally •Emergency lighting will come on in the event of a power failure

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