Sector manufacturing (furniture) of Malaysian industryAinur Asyirah Md BakriSEH110003Nur Liyana Diyanah Mohd NasserSEH110021Siti Munirah Abd RashidSEW090029
-It starts since the development of non-nomadic cultures-It survives from the Neolithic Period and later in antiquity inthe form of paintings, such as the wall Murals discoveredat Pompeii.-It divide into Neolithic period,Classical world,Early ModernWorld, and modernism
-Example: a range of unique stone furniture in Skara Brae,a Neolithic village in Orkney.-The site dates from 3100–2500 BC -The people of Skara Brae were build with stone, a readilyavailable material that could be worked easily and turned intoitems for use within the household.-Each house was equipped with an of stone furniture, rangingfrom cupboards, dressers and beds to shelves, stone seats, - The stone dresser is the most important ,it symbolically faces theentrance in each house
-It occur from the 8th-century BC Phrygian tumulus, the MidasMound, in Gordion, Turkey.-Pieces found here include tables and serving stands.-There are also surviving works from the 9th-8th-centuryBC Assyrian palace of Nimrud.-The earliest surviving carpet, the Pazyryk Carpet was discoveredin a frozen tomb in Siberia - It has been dated between the 6th and 3rd century BC
-The furniture of the Middle Ages was usuallyheavy, oak, and ornamented with carved designs.-Occur in the Italian Renaissance of the 14th and 15thcentury marked a rebirth in design- Inspired by the Greco-Roman tradition.-A similar explosion of design, and renaissance ofculture in general, occurred in Northern Europe,starting in the 14th century.
-The first three-quarters of the 20th century-It born from the Bauhaus and Art Deco/Streamlinestyles came the post World War II "Mid-CenturyModern" style- Using materials developed during the war, lamenatedplywood, plastics and fiberglass.-Postmodern design, intersecting the Pop art movement,gained steam in the 1960s and 70s, promoted in the 80sby groups such as the Italy-based Memphismovement. Transitional furniture is intended to fill aplace between Traditional and Modern tastes.
Factors that influence thedevelopment of the sector
COSTThe cost of the materials and labour required to manufacture theproduct.The price potential customers are prepared to pay for the product. ERGONOMICSThe product may be designed for human use. MATERIALSThe availability of materials and the development of new, hi-technologymaterials will have an influence on the final design of a product. CUSTOMER REQUIREMENTSThe customer will have great influence over the way a product is designedand develops
INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTIONWhen designing a product the most desirable production technique mayinfluence the way the final product looks. COMPANY IDENTITYThe product may have to display the company image. Most companies areproud of their public image. This may determine the colour schemeapplied to the product, the way it looks or even the materials that are usedin its manufacture (i.e. recycled materials). AESTHETICSThe shape and form of the product may determine the layout of circuitsor mechanisms. FASHIONThe fashion of the time influences the design of products. Usually peoplewant to buy up to date items not ones based on last years look.
CULTURESome products are aimed at different cultures and countries. FUNCTIONSThe number of functions a product has to perform will inevitably affectits design. ENVIRONMENTMany people (potential customers) are concerned about theirenvironment and the damage to it caused by industrial production.
• The modern technologies and software such asComputer Aided Design (CAD) and AutoCAD have been adopted and being utilised to enhance the designing capabilities.
The affect of S&T on thefurniture sector The use of integrated logistics management system has also helped furniture companies to efficiently control their stock and inventory which enable the application of ‘Just In Time (JIT)’ in its operations
The affect of S&T on thefurniture sector The government has set-up the Malaysian Furniture Promotion Council (MFPC) to specially focus on the promotion of the furniture sector Appointed technical consultants to be based in Malaysia in order to ensure that Malaysian products conform to the high-expectant and strict requirements of the market-standards.
The affect of S&T on thefurniture sector Career opportunities Achieve great amounts of furniture exports. Increased productivity, market expansion and aggressive promotional efforts are also instrumental in increasing Malaysias furniture exports