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introduction to pakistan


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  1. 1. OUTLINE <ul><li>PAKISTAN ,S </li></ul><ul><li>ECONOMY </li></ul><ul><li>MILATARY </li></ul><ul><li>FOREIGN RELATIONS </li></ul>
  2. 2. PAKISTAN Pakistan ( Urdu : پاکِستان ), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan , is a country located in South Asia location at the crossroads of South Asia, the Middle East, and Central Asia.
  3. 3. Provinces and territories of Pakistan <ul><li>Provinces: </li></ul><ul><li>Balochistan </li></ul><ul><li>North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) (PAHTOONHAWA) </li></ul><ul><li>Punjab </li></ul><ul><li>Sindh </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Territories : </li></ul><ul><li>Islamabad Capital Territory (IST) </li></ul><ul><li>Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) </li></ul><ul><li>Azad Jammu and Kashmir </li></ul>
  5. 5. The economy of Pakistan is the 26th largest economy in the world in terms of purchasing power , and the 47th largest in absolute dollar terms <ul><li>Due to Economic Reforms of the Year 2000 by the Musharraf government., In 2005, the World Bank named Pakistan the top reformer in its region and in the top 10 reformers globally. </li></ul><ul><li>ECONOMY OF PAKISTAN </li></ul>
  6. 6. Doing Business The World Bank report ‘Ease of Doing Business 2010’ ranked Pakistan 85 among 181 countries around the globe. Pakistan comes highest in South Asia but also ranks higher than China, Russia and India which is at 133. The top five countries are Singapore, New Zealand, USA, Hong Kong and UK Pakistan grew at a rate of 8.4% making it the 2nd Fastest Growing Economy in the World, after China, in the same year .
  7. 7. POPULATION DENSITY OF PAKISTAN <ul><li>The estimated population of Pakistan in 2009 was over 180,800,000 making it the world's sixth most-populous country, behind Brazil and ahead of Russia . By the year 2020, the country's population is expected to reach 208 million, </li></ul>
  8. 8. KARACHI 12827927 LAHORE 6936563 FAISALABAD 2793721 RAWALPINDI 1933933 MULTAN 1566932
  9. 9. PAKISTAN CURRENCY <ul><li>1 PAKISTANI RUPEE =100 PAISAS </li></ul><ul><li>The Pakistani Rupee was pegged to the US Dollar until 1982. When the government of General Zia-ul-Haq , changed it to managed float . This has been regarded as the best decision by Zia. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Sectors of PAKISTAN Economy <ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Auto mobile industry </li></ul><ul><li>CNG industry </li></ul><ul><li>Cement industry </li></ul><ul><li>IT industry </li></ul><ul><li>Textile industry </li></ul><ul><li>Mining </li></ul><ul><li>Services </li></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Railway </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity </li></ul>
  11. 11. Economic Comparison of Pakistan 1999-2008 Indicator 1999 2007 2008 2009 GDP PPP $270b 475.5b 504.3b 580.6b GDP per capita income $450b $925b $1085b $1250b Revenue collection $305b 708b 990b 1.05t Foreign reserves $700m 16.4b 10b 14b Export $7.5b $18.5b $19.22b $18.45b Textile export $5.5b $11.2b ……… ……… . Foreign direct investment $1b $8.4b $5.19b $4.19b Poverty level 34% 24% Literacy rate 45% 53% Development 80b 520b 549.7b 880b
  12. 12. Pakistan Rupee per USA Dollar <ul><li>On October 11, 2008 State Bank of Pakistan reported that country's foreign exchange reserves had gone down by $571.9 Million to $7749.7 Million. The foreign exchange reserves had declined more by $10 billion to an alarming rate of $6.59 billion. </li></ul>
  13. 14. Have a look <ul><li>ISLAMABAD, Mar 11 : Pakistan’s economy may currently be in difficulties with fast rising inflation and the shortage of gas, electricity and flour, but between 2002 and 2006, it grew almost as strong as of India, a leading Indian magazine said. </li></ul><ul><li>Pakistan in many ways is better than India in terms of transport infrastructure and communication means, India’s investigative magazine ‘ Tehelka ’ reported </li></ul>
  14. 15. مسلح افواج پاک , Musalah Afwaj-e- Pakistan Pakistan Armed Forces ranked 6th in the world.
  15. 16. Its component branches are: Pakistan Army Pakistan Navy Pakistan Air Force Paramilitary forces of Pakistan Pakistan Coast Guard Pakistan Strategic Nuclear Command مسلح افواج پاک , Musalah Afwaj-e- Pakistan
  16. 17. <ul><li>The Military of Pakistan has a total size of approximately 1,530,000 personnel. </li></ul><ul><li>The Pakistani armed forces are the largest contributors to United Nations peacekeeping efforts, with more than 10,000 personnel deployed in 2007. </li></ul>
  17. 18. Manpower Military age 16-49 years old Available for military service 39,028,014 males, age 16-49 (2007 estimate), 36,779,584 females, age 16-49 (2007 estimate) Fit for military service 29,428,747 males, age 16-49 (2007 estimate), 28,391,887 females, age 16-49 (2007 estimate) Reaching military age annually 1,969,055 males (2007 estimate), 1,849,254 females (2007 estimate) Active personnel 619,000 Reserve personnel 528,500
  18. 19. Nuclear Doctrine
  19. 20. AL KHALID <ul><li>AGOSTA </li></ul>
  20. 21. Foreign military relations <ul><li>CHINA </li></ul><ul><li>SRI LANKA </li></ul><ul><li>FRANCE </li></ul>
  21. 22. Foreign relations of Pakistan Pakistan is the second largest Muslim country in terms of population (after Indonesia ), and its status as a declared nuclear power , being the only Islamic nation to have that status, plays a part in its international role .
  22. 23. <ul><li>For several years prior to the November 2008 Mumbai attacks , Pakistan's relations with India had been gradually improving, which opened up Pakistan's foreign policy to issues beyond security. </li></ul><ul><li>An increasingly important actor on the world scene, Pakistan formed the &quot;Friend of Pakistan&quot; group which includes important countries such as Australia, Britain, Canada, China, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, the United States, the United Nations and European Union </li></ul>
  23. 24. PAKISTAN ,S Relation with <ul><li>Saudi Arabia </li></ul><ul><li>Iran </li></ul><ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>Afghanistan </li></ul><ul><li>India </li></ul><ul><li>USA </li></ul><ul><li>UK </li></ul>
  24. 25. SAUDI ARABIA
  25. 26. IRAN