Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Phoenix "Reuben Line" - Updated April 5, 2014

4,246 views

Published on

Presentation by Thomas Jiamachello at the July 2013 Phoenix & Consolidated Glass Collectors annual convention. Research into the Reuben Line produced at Phoenix Glass Company in Monaca PA using borrowed Consolidated Glass Company moulds.

  • You could post a question on our Facebook page at https://www.facebook.com/groups/PCGCC/ where someone would help. Be sure to include a picture of your bowl and its condition if you do that.
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • I believe I have a Reuben Blue Lily bowl #250, but I have had a difficult time finding a value. Any suggestions?
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Like this? Check out the Phoenix & Consolidated web site: http://www.pcgcc.org/
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Be the first to like this

Phoenix "Reuben Line" - Updated April 5, 2014

  1. 1. Phoenix Reuben-Line Phoenix “Reuben-Line” © Tom Jiamachello 2013
  2. 2. Phoenix Reuben-Line Phoenix “Reuben-Line”??
  3. 3. Six Questions • 1 Who designed and produced the line? • 2 When was it produced? • 3 What makes it “Reuben-Line”? • 4 In what colors was it made? • 5 In what shapes was it made? • 5 Why is the “Reuben Blue” color such a problem?
  4. 4. 1 Who designed and produced the “Reuben-Line”? • When Reuben Haley (1872-1933) died on September 29 1933 in Beaver, PA, the genesis of Phoenix Glass Company’s Reuben-Line was born. • Reuben Haley was associated with Consolidated Glass from 1926-1933. To honor his well-documented contributions to the glass industry, his son Kenneth Haley (1905-1987) created this line which combines Consolidated molds and Phoenix molds but was produced by Phoenix. Kenneth worked for Phoenix from 1928 to 1934.
  5. 5. 2 When was it produced? • The short answer is March 1934 - March 1936. The long answer is more involved. Read on. • March 1936 is a pivotal date in understanding how the “Reuben-Line” came to be. • When Consolidated shut down on April 26, 1932, the molds created by Reuben Haley would sit unused for the last 17 months of Reuben Haley’s life. Upon his death in September 1933, the ownership of the molds passed to his son Kenneth Haley, who was then working at Phoenix.
  6. 6. 2 When was it produced? • Kenneth came up with the idea of relocating the molds his father created to Phoenix. He named the glass produced by Phoenix from these molds as the “Reuben-Line”. Each piece was decorated by Phoenix Glass using ceramic colors. Kathy Hansen recently told me that it is very likely that both Consolidated and Phoenix bought their ceramic colors from the same Pittsburgh company. The colors Kenneth chose for this line are very different from any Consolidated used previously with these molds. • Along with the Consolidated molds, Kenneth Haley created new molds for Phoenix for this line. These molds carried the “Reuben-Line” oval gold paper label. How many molds were created by Phoenix for the “Reuben- Line”? It appears that number is around 15. (245 - 263).
  7. 7. 2 When was it produced? • Another 24 molds have been found with the same colors used on the Reuben-Line pieces. They are from a separate line called the Sculptured Crystal line. (Molds 264-286 part of Sculptured Crystal Series 200 line. None of these have (yet) been found with a Reuben-Line label) • It is not know exactly when the “Reuben-Line” started production. Jack Wilson states on page 167 of his book that “the Phoenix Sculptured glass line was in production by 1934, six months after Reuben Haley’s death. It is known that in March of 1936, Consolidated re-opened and requested that the “Haley” molds be returned to them. It is my opinion that Phoenix could no longer legally use the name “Reuben-Line” after March 1936. What name did they choose to use for the glass produced by their new molds and in what colors did they make this glass?
  8. 8. 2 When was it produced? • On pages 169-171 of Jack Wilson’s book are copies of pages from a Phoenix catalog for “Sculptured Decorative Glassware”. This catalog is from circa 1938. It includes the 18 Phoenix molds which are part of the “Reuben-Line” AND 28 other Phoenix molds. This line started at least as early as December 1936, 9 months after the return of the Consolidated molds to Consolidated glass. On page 175 of the Wilson book one sees that Howard Selden of New York City is listed as the sales representative for the Phoenix Glass “Art Division”. • On a page of this circa 1938 catalog is a table of contents. The term that Phoenix uses for all the glass shown in this catalog is “Sculptured Artware”, shown on pages 2-8. One the bottom of the page is the header “Decorative Sculptured Artware”, described as “made in four entirely different processes producing a wide variation in textures and color effects.”
  9. 9. 2 When was it produced? • Here are the names of the four lines and their descriptions: • 1. 300 Series: “ SCULPTURED CAMEO consists of a white opaline translucent body, on which have been fused soft pastel ceramic colors. The decorations stand out in white against a colored background.” Produced in Tan, Taupe, Wine, Green, Cadet Blue. • 2 200 Series - “SCULPTURED CRYSTAL is basically a crystal glass frosted with hues of ceramics colors fused on the background with the raised detail in soft relief, enhancing the sculptured effect.” Produced in Cadet Blue, White, Orchid. • 3. 400 Series - “SCULPTURED PEARL LUSTRE combines a frosted milk-white background with mother-of-pearl lustre on the raised detail.” Produced in Tan, Taupe, Wine, Green, Cadet Blue • 4. 600 Series - “SCULPTURED BRILLIANTE utilizes the brilliance of fine crystal glass for the design on an etched background, thus high-lighting the beauty of the decoration.” • It is my contention that the Series 200 “Sculptured Crystal” line is the renamed “Reuben-Line”.
  10. 10. 2 When was it produced? 34 Series 200 molds shown in circa 1938 catalog: 245 Figured vase 246 Philadendron vase 247 Pine Cone vase 248 Lily vase, tumbler shape 249 Lily candleholders 250 Lily console bowl 252 Diving Girl bowl 253 Primrose vase 254 Phlox covered candy box 256 Daisy vase 257 Flying Geese vase 258 Tiger Lily bowl 259 Jonquil platter 261 Fern vase 262 Bluebell Vase 263 Phlox ashtray 5 1/2” long (end of Kenneth Haley designed molds?) 264 Dancing Girl vase 265 Cosmos 266 Phlox Covered Cigarette Box 267 Wild Rose vase 268 Freesia Vase (No Flare), tumbler shape 269 Freesia Vase, Fan 270 Freesia Vase, Flared 271 candy dish, (open), 7 1/2” diameter 272 Phlox Ash Tray, 3” long 275 Tri-Crimp Lily vase 277 Star Flower vase 278 Thistle vase 279 Madonna vase 280 Zodiac vase 281 Phlox 3-Compartment Box 282 Jewel vase 283 Strawberry Bowl 284 Strawberry Candleholders 285 Aster vase
  11. 11. 2 When was it produced? • On page 172, there is a dated Feb. 1947 catalog. By this time, the 200 Series patterns have been reduced to 23 offerings. These are available only in three colors: Green, White, Blue. Items offered: 246 Philadendron vase 248 Lily vase, tumbler shape 250 Lily console bowl 252 Diving Girl bowl 256 Daisy vase 257 Flying Geese vase 258 Tiger Lily bowl 259 Jonquil platter 261 Fern vase 262 Bluebell vase 264 Dancing Girl vase 265 Cosmos vase 266 Phlox Covered Candy Box 267 Wild Rose vase 268 Freesia vase (No Flare) tumbler shape 272 Phlox ash tray, 3” long 277 Star Flower vase 278 Thistle vase 279 Madonna vase 280 Zodiac vase 282 Jewel vase 285 Aster vase 286 Bachelor Button vase Items no longer offered: 13 of the 1938 catalog items 245 Figured vase 247 Pine Cone vase 249 Lily candleholders 251 missing also from 1938 catalog 253 Primrose vase 254 Phlox covered candy box 255 missing also from 1938 catalog 260 missing also from 1938 catalog 263 Phlox ashtray, 5 1/2” long 269 Freesia vase, Fan 270 Freesia vase, Flared 271 candy dish, (open), 7 1/2” diameter 273 missing also from 1938 catalog 274 missing also from 1938 catalog 275 Tri-Crimp Lily vase 276 missing also from 1938 catalog 281 Phlox 3-Compartment Box 283 Strawberry Bowl 284 Strawberry Candleholders
  12. 12. 3 What makes it “Reuben-Line”? • What are the basic “field marks” that identify it as “Reuben-Line” • 1. shape • 2 color • 3. Consolidated mold or Phoenix mold? • If it is a Consolidated mold from 200 Series in a Reuben color, it is from the Reuben-Line whether it has a label or not. • If it is a Phoenix mold with a Reuben-Line paper label, it is from the Reuben-Line. If it is a Phoenix mold with no label but frosted figures, it is from the Sculptured Crystal 200 Series (one of four Sculptured lines described in 1938 Phoenix Glass Company catalog (Wilson pp 170-171) which was still available in Feb. 47 catalog
  13. 13. 3 In what documented colors was it made? Blue: 1. Blue, aqua/turquoise 2. Blue, sky (Phoenix used the word “light blue” for Sculptured Art line) p. 165 3. Blue, slate (Phoenix used the word “slate gray” for Sculptured Art line) p. 165 4. Blue, teal 5 Blue, Reuben Brown: 56. Brown, sepia (Fig 709 on page 102 of Wilson book) Green: 7. Green (Phoenix used the word “sea green” for Sculptured Art line) p. 165 8. Green, mint Orange: 9. Orange, pumpkin Pink: 10. Pink, light 11. Pink/orchid (Phoenix used the word “cadet rose” for Sculptured Art line) p. 165 12. Pink, salmon (Phoenix used the word “coral” for Sculptured Art line) p. 165 Purple: 13. Purple (Fig 713 on page 102 of Wilson book) Red: 14. Red, russet (aka “ceramic red”) White: 15. White, ceramic Yellow: 16. Yellow, butterscotch 17. Yellow, honey (like the Catalonian honey color) 18. Yellow, pale (Fig 538 on page 91 of Wilson book)
  14. 14. 3 In what documented colors was it made? Blue (5) Brown (1) Green (2) Orange (1) Pink (3) Red (1) White (1) Yellow (3) Sky Teal Slate “Reuben” Sepia Mint Bright Orange Pale Orchid Salmon Russet White Butterscotch Honey Pale Aqua
  15. 15. 4 In what shapes was the “Reuben-Line” made? Consolidated molds: 45 molds (200-244) (9 missing) Found with Reuben-Line labels: 19 shapes Found in Reuben-Line colors but no label (yet): 17 shapes Phoenix molds: 42 molds
  16. 16. Consolidated molds * denotes example with label in private collection
  17. 17. 1. Shape #200 - Lovebirds vase
  18. 18. 1. Shape #201* - Dogwood vase
  19. 19. 1. Shape #202 - Tropical Fish vase
  20. 20. 1. Shape #203 - Katydid vase(Ovoid)
  21. 21. 1. Shape #204* - Bittersweet vase
  22. 22. 1. Shape #205* - Seagulls vase
  23. 23. 1. Shape #206* - Pine Cone vase
  24. 24. 1. Shape #207* - Screech Owl vase
  25. 25. 1. Shape #208* - Dragonfly
  26. 26. 1. Shape #209 - Blackberry vase
  27. 27. 1. Shape #210* - Line 700 vase, small
  28. 28. 1. Shape #211* - Line 700 vase, large
  29. 29. 1. Shape #212* - Katydid vase, tumbler shape
  30. 30. 1. Shape #213* - Katydid vase, fan shape
  31. 31. 1. Shape #214* - Olive vase
  32. 32. 1. Shape #215 - Olive 8” bowl?
  33. 33. 1. Shape #216* - Santa Maria covered cigarette box
  34. 34. 1. Shape #217 - Tropical Fish platter/bowl
  35. 35. 1. Shape #217 - Tropical Fish rectangular tray
  36. 36. 1. Shape #218 - missing
  37. 37. 1. Shape #219 - missing
  38. 38. 1. Shape #220 - missing
  39. 39. 1. Shape #221 - missing
  40. 40. 1. Shape #222 - missing
  41. 41. 1. Shape #223 - Five Fruits 6” plate
  42. 42. 1. Shape #224* - Five Fruits 8” plate
  43. 43. 1. Shape #225 - Five Fruits 12” plate
  44. 44. 1. Shape #226 - Five Fruits 14” plate
  45. 45. 1. Shape #227 - Swallows bowl
  46. 46. 1. Shape #228 - Katydid ashtray
  47. 47. 1. Shape #229 - Dancing Nymphs platter
  48. 48. 1. Shape #231 - Dancing Nymphs 6” plate
  49. 49. 1. Shape #232* - Dancing Nymphs 8” plate
  50. 50. 1. Shape #233 - Dancing Nymphs 10” plate
  51. 51. 1. Shape #234* - Dancing Nymphs nappy
  52. 52. 1. Shape #235 - Dancing Nymphs 8” bowl
  53. 53. 1. Shape #236* - Dancing Nymphs sherbet
  54. 54. 1. Shape #237* - Pan vase
  55. 55. 1. Shape #238* - Dancing Nymphs water tumbler
  56. 56. 1. Shape #239 - missing (DN tumbler vase)
  57. 57. 1. Shape #240 - Dancing Nymphs juice glass
  58. 58. 1. Shape #241 - missing
  59. 59. 1. Shape #242* - Five Fruits covered box
  60. 60. 1. Shape #243 - missing
  61. 61. 1. Shape #244 - missing
  62. 62. Consolidated patterns as possible missing numbers: found with Reuben-Line labels: (3 shapes) 1. Catalonian cigarette box* - Hansen has one in butterscotch with label; white (Burke) 2. Florentine pillow vase in custard with brown multi-floral etch*: (Wilson) 3. Hummingbird vase (listed as part of Reuben-Line in Shilloto Display)* RB (Burke); sky blue (for sale at 2008 convention Wickland); butterscotch (Fig 209 on page 72 of Wilson book)
  63. 63. Consolidated patterns documented in Reuben-Line colors: (31 shapes)): Bird of Paradise fan vase small*: RB (Burke); pink (2012 MacEachron auction) Bird of Paradise fan vase large: pink (Fig 195 on page 72 of Wilson book) Bird of Paradise vase Catalonian Nasturtium vase: RB (Jiamachello); russet (Burke); white (files) Catalonian violet vase: white (Burke); orchid (Burke); RB (Burke) Catalonian candleholders: russet (Burke) Catalonian swung vase: RB (Burke); sky blue (at past convention) Catalonian console bowl: white (Burke) Catalonian 8” plate: russet (past club auction) Catalonian pinch vase: RB (in Cat powerpoint) 1170 Catalonian RB Catalonian elephant vase flared top: RB (Wilson) Chickadee vase Chrsyanthemum Cockatoo vase Cockatoo: whimsey platter: green (2007 auction); butterscotch (Fig 296 on page 79 of Wilson book)
  64. 64. Consolidated patterns documented in Reuben-Line colors: (31 shapes)): Bird of Paradise Fan Vase, small: known in aqua (Dan Stanley) Five Fruits pound box: pink (Fig 123 on page 67 of Wilson book) Floral vase #139 Foxglove vase Hummingbird large puff box: pink, (for sale at 2008 convention Wickland); green ebay; butterscotch, Fig 42 on page 62 of Wilson book Hummingbird small puff box, butterscotch (for sale at past convention) Hummingbird compote: butterscotch (Fig 72 on page 64 of Wilson book) Iris candlesticks, tall: pink (Burke) Iris candleholders, short: pink (for sale in 2011 Wickland room) Jonquil vase #138 Le Fleur vase Line 700 10” plate: butterscotch (Fig 410 on page 84 of Wilson book) Line 700 flared bowl (me, green wash) Lovebirds banana boat Lovebirds powder jar: butterscotch (Fig 59 on page 63 of Wilson book) Mermaid bowl: butterscotch (Fig 285 on page 78 of Wilson book)
  65. 65. Phoenix molds: 36 Reuben-Line with label / (Sculptured Crystal Series 200 without label) * denotes example with label in private collection FoundFound with Reuben-Line labels: 8 1
  66. 66. 1. Shape #245* - Figured vase
  67. 67. 1. Shape #246* - Philadendron vase
  68. 68. 1. Shape #247* - Pine Cone vase
  69. 69. 1. Shape #248 - Lily vase, tumbler shape
  70. 70. 1. Shape #249 - Lily candleholders
  71. 71. 1. Shape #250 - Lily console bowl
  72. 72. 1. Shape #251 - missing (perhaps a Lily straight side bulbous top vase)
  73. 73. 1. Shape #252 - Diving Girls banana boat bowl
  74. 74. 1. Shape #253 - Primrose vase
  75. 75. 1. Shape #254* - Phlox covered candy box
  76. 76. 1. Shape #255 - missing
  77. 77. 1. Shape #256* - Daisy vase
  78. 78. 1. Shape #257* - Flying Geese vase
  79. 79. 1. Shape #258* - Tiger Lily bowl
  80. 80. 1. Shape #259 - Jonquil platter
  81. 81. 1. Shape #260 - missing
  82. 82. 1. Shape #261 - Fern vase
  83. 83. 1. Shape #262* - Bluebell vase
  84. 84. 1. Shape #263 - Phlox ashtray 5 1/2 inches long
  85. 85. 1. Shape #264 - Dancing Nudes vase
  86. 86. 1. Shape #265 - Cosmos vase
  87. 87. 1. Shape #266 - Phlox covered cigarette box
  88. 88. 1. Shape #267 - Wild Rose vase
  89. 89. 1. Shape #268 - Freesia vase, tumbler shape
  90. 90. 1. Shape #269 - Freesia vase, fan shape
  91. 91. 1. Shape #270 - Freesia vase, flared shape
  92. 92. 1. Shape #271 - candy dish??
  93. 93. 1. Shape #272 - Phlox ash tray 3 inches long
  94. 94. 1. Shape #273 - missing
  95. 95. 1. Shape #274 - missing
  96. 96. 1. Shape #275 - Lily, tri-corner vase
  97. 97. 1. Shape #276 - missing
  98. 98. 1. Shape #277 - Starflower vase
  99. 99. 1. Shape #278 - Thistle vase
  100. 100. 1. Shape #279 - Madonna vase
  101. 101. 1. Shape #280 - Zodiac vase
  102. 102. 1. Shape #281 - Phlox 3 compartment covered box
  103. 103. 1. Shape #282 - Jewel vase
  104. 104. 1. Shape #283 - Strawberry bowl
  105. 105. 1. Shape #284 - Strawberry candleholders
  106. 106. 1. Shape #285 - Aster vase
  107. 107. 1. Shape #286 - Bachelor Button vase
  108. 108. 5 Why is the “Reuben Blue” color such a problem? Which are “Reuben-Line” Which are not?
  109. 109. 5 Why is the “Reuben Blue” color such a problem? Which are “Reuben-Line” Which are not?
  110. 110. 5 Why is the “Reuben Blue” color such a problem? Which are “Reuben-Line” Which are not?
  111. 111. 5 Why is the “Reuben Blue” color such a problem? Which are “Reuben-Line” Which are not?
  112. 112. 5 Why is the “Reuben Blue” color such a problem?
  113. 113. 5 Why is the “Reuben Blue” color such a problem?
  114. 114. 5 Why is the “Reuben Blue” color such a problem? Which are “Reuben-Line” Which are not?
  115. 115. Phoenix Reuben-Line Phoenix “Reuben-Line” © Tom Jiamachello 2013
  116. 116. Photo credits: Josh & Rich Bair Roger Behm Bill Burke Sue Cotter Kathy Hansen Jeff & Kathy Hayden Tom Jiamachello Jim Medeiros Bill & Jackie Nichols Dan Stanley Gary Wickland & Bruce Mueller Jack Wilson and the wide spaces of the Internet.
  117. 117. I hope you enjoyed the presentation. Happy collecting!

×