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Consolidated Florentine Chintz-line - 2014 Banquet Speech

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Banquet speech by Tom Jiamachello at the 2014 Phoenix & Consolidated Glass Collectors' Club annual convention in Pittsburgh, PA.

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Consolidated Florentine Chintz-line - 2014 Banquet Speech

  1. 1. The Florentine-Chintz Line (1927 - April 2, 1932) © Tom Jiamachello 2014
  2. 2. The Florentine-Chintz Line (1927 - April 2, 1932) © Tom Jiamachello 2014
  3. 3. 5 Questions • 1 When was the line produced and for how long? • 2 Who designed the line? • 3 How was the glass produced? • 4 In which colors and etches was the line made? • 5 In which shapes & finishes was the line produced?
  4. 4. 1 When was the line produced and for how long? In January 1927, the Consolidated Glass Company had now been producing items for the giftware trade since January 1926. Most of the items were described as “glass tableware.” The “Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs et Industriels Modernes” was held in 1925 in Paris. In 1926, a traveling exhibition of 40 objects including 50 pieces of glass traveled to Cleveland, Detroit, St. Louis, Minneapolis, Pittsburgh, and Philadelphia. In the decorative arts field of glassware, the work of Rene Lalique, master glass designer and producer, was well represented in this show. There were "glass vases decorated with large berries, brown scarabs, birds. Glass vases in blue and gray, opal and in violet and opal green."
  5. 5. 1 When was the line produced and for how long? Does that Lalique color palette sound familiar to us as collectors of Consolidated glass? Well, of course it does due to the man who was the chief designer from 1925 until his death in 1933, Reuben Haley. By 1927, the Martelé line and the Santa Maria line were already in production. In 1927 would come another line featuring acid-etching on blanks of green, coffee, pink, and clear glass. However, on April 2, 1932 the whole plant was shut down. Whether the Florentine-Chintz line was in continuous production over those five years in not known at this time.
  6. 6. 2 Who designed the line? On page 140 of Jack Wilson’s book, he recounts a conversation with Jim Ciccone, who worked at Consolidated. He stated that “Haley was designing all the molds.” When Reuben Haley died, control of the molds he had designed went to his son Kenneth Haley who moved them to Phoenix Glass to produce the “Phoenix Reuben Line.” This is well documented (see Reuben Line powerpoint on website). It is interesting that only one of the Florentine molds, the 2002 mold, would have a similar shape as part of the Reuben Line. The 2002 4 inch tall mold resembles the original mold, #2695 Olives vase from the Martelé line.
  7. 7. 3 How was it produced? In Jack Wilson’s book on page 37, he recounts a conversation with Paul R. Angelo, whose father Joe Angelo was in charge of the etching department. Mr. Angelo held several patents for various styles of etching. “During the the flu epidemic of the early 1900s I was in grade school, and when my father became ill he taught me how to mix acids and also acid resistant paint used to make prints or designs to be etched on various glass wares. I would mix before and after school.”
  8. 8. 3 How was it produced? I believe that Consolidated used a two-step process to produce this line. First, to produce the raised design, the glass item would be coated with wax. A pattern would be drawn or transferred onto the wax. The acid would eat away the surface of the glass not covered in wax. In the case of the Florentine/Chintz line, the patterns are raised and the background is “cut back”. Then, the whole item would be satin etched by being dipped into hydrofluroic acid.
  9. 9. contrast a piece of French Crystal with close-up detail of green & coffee Florentine.
  10. 10. 3 How was it produced? There were two types of acid-etching done by Consolidated: 1) Satin (or silk) etching, using hydrofluoric acid to achieve a smooth satinized finish. Consolidated had been using this process since 1893. It is this process what produced the satin background of the French Crystal finish used on the Dancing Nymphs line. 2) Color etching: Both sulfuric AND hydrofluoric acids were used, plus other chemicals. The acid cut into the top surface of the glass, back to the underlying layer of glass, thus exposing it. This type of glass goes by several names: acid-cutback or acid-etched
  11. 11. 3 How was it produced? It is this second acid-etched process of color etching that would be used on a new line introduced in January 1927 to the trade: the Florentine line and the Chintz line, the subjects of this presentation.
  12. 12. 4. In which colors & etches was the line produced? The colors used for the Florentine line were: green, coffee, pink, and crystal (clear). QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  13. 13. 4. In which colors & etches was the line produced? The etches used for the Florentine line were: Green Etched: plume design Coffee Etched: rose design Pink Etched: plume design with overshot interior Crystal Etched: rose design & stippled design
  14. 14. 4. In which colors & etches was the line produced? Green Etched: plume design
  15. 15. 4. In which colors & etches was the line produced? Coffee Etched: rose design
  16. 16. 4. In which colors & etches was the line produced? Pink Etched: plume design with overshot interior
  17. 17. 4. In which colors & etches was the line produced? Clear Etched: rose design & stippled design
  18. 18. 5. In which shapes was the line produced?
  19. 19. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? There are seven shapes shown here
  20. 20. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Let’s examine these 7 shapes more in detail.
  21. 21. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2200 - 9” x 7” Green Etched
  22. 22. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2200 - 9” x 7” Coffee Etched
  23. 23. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2200 - 9” x 7” Pink Etched
  24. 24. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2200 - 9” x 7” Pink Etched
  25. 25. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2200 - 9” x 7” Clear Stippled
  26. 26. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2200 - 9” x 7” Clear: Rose etch
  27. 27. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2201 - 9 1/4” x 6 1/2” Green Etched
  28. 28. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2201 - 9 1/4” x 6 1/2” Coffee Etched
  29. 29. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2201 - 9 1/4” x 6 1/2” Pink Etched
  30. 30. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2201 - 9 1/4” x 6 1/2” Clear
  31. 31. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2202 - 8 1/4” x 4” Green Etched
  32. 32. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2202 - 8 1/4” x 4” Coffee Etched
  33. 33. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2202 - 8 1/4” x 4” Pink Etched
  34. 34. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2202 - 8 1/4” x 4” Clear
  35. 35. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2203 - 5 3/4” x 4 1/2” Green Etched
  36. 36. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2203 - 5 3/4” x 4 1/2” Coffee Etched
  37. 37. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2203 - 5 3/4” x 4 1/2” Pink Etched
  38. 38. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2203 - 5 3/4” x 4 1/2” Clear Etched
  39. 39. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2204 - 4 1/2” x 5 1/4” Green Etched
  40. 40. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2204 - 4 1/2” x 5 1/4” Coffee Etched
  41. 41. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2204 - 4 1/2” x 5 1/4” Pink Etched
  42. 42. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2204 - 4 1/2” x 5 1/4” Clear
  43. 43. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2205 - 8” Salad plate Green Etched
  44. 44. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2206 - 7” Bread & Butter plate Green Etched
  45. 45. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? There are 12 shapes shown here: I will refer to this catalog as “Shape 1-12”
  46. 46. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shapes 1-6 (top row, left to right) Shapes 7-12 (bottom row, left to right)
  47. 47. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 1 - mold #7 - 9” tall Green Etched
  48. 48. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 1 - mold #7 - 9” tall Coffee Etched
  49. 49. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2 - mold #10? - 13 1/2” tall Green Etched
  50. 50. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2 - mold #10? - 13 1/2” tall Coffee Etched
  51. 51. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 3 - mold #1245? - 6 3/4” tall Green & Coffee Etched
  52. 52. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 3 - mold #1245? - 6 3/4” tall Green Plume Etched
  53. 53. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 3 - mold #1245? - 6 3/4” tall Green: Rose Etched
  54. 54. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 3 - mold #1245? - 6 3/4” tall Coffee Etched
  55. 55. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 4 - mold #1244? - 9” tall Green Etched
  56. 56. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 4 - mold #1244? - 9” tall Coffee Etched
  57. 57. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 5 - mold #1249? - 11” tall Green Etched
  58. 58. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 5 - mold #1249? - 11” tall Coffee Etched
  59. 59. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 6 - mold #146 - 13” tall Green Etched
  60. 60. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 6 - mold #146 - 13” tall Coffee Etched
  61. 61. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 7 - mold #8 - 10” tall Green Etched
  62. 62. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 7 - mold #8 - 10” tall Coffee Etched
  63. 63. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 8 - mold #? (one digit) - 9” tall Green Etched
  64. 64. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 8 - mold #? (one digit) - 9” tall Coffee Etched
  65. 65. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 9 - mold #9 - 11” tall Green Etched
  66. 66. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 9 - mold #9 - 11” tall Coffee Etched
  67. 67. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 10 - mold #12 - 12” tall Green Etched
  68. 68. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 10 - mold #12 - 12” tall Coffee Etched
  69. 69. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 11 - mold #12 - 8” tall Green Etched
  70. 70. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 11 - mold #12 - 8” tall Coffee Etched
  71. 71. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 12 - mold #11 - 13” tall Green Etched
  72. 72. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 12 - mold #11 - 13” tall Coffee Etched
  73. 73. 6. In which undocumented shapes? Shape 13 - mold #5 - 10” tall (page 34 Con-Cora Brochure 1957, shown in crimped top) Green Etched
  74. 74. 6. In which undocumented shapes? Shape 14 - mold #432 - 10” tall (page 28 Con-Cora Brochure 1960) Green Etched
  75. 75. 6. In which undocumented shape & finish? Shape 15 - mold #3144 - 8 1/2” tall x 6” wide (page 27 Con-Cora Brochure 1960) Clear, Rose Etched, ruby stained
  76. 76. 6. In which undocumented shapes? Shape 16 - mold #? - Green Etched
  77. 77. 6. In which undocumented shapes? Shape 17 - mold #? - Green Etched
  78. 78. 6. In which undocumented shapes? Shape 17 - mold #? - Pink Etched
  79. 79. 6. In which undocumented color? Shape 2 - mold #10 - 13 1/3” tall Jungle Green, Plume etched
  80. 80. 6. In which undocumented color? Shape 2 - mold #10 - 13 1/3” tall Jungle Green, Plume etched
  81. 81. 6. In which undocumented color? Shape 2004 Milk glass, undecorated, most likely by Haley in Greensburg, PA.
  82. 82. 6. In which undocumented finish on a documented shape? Shape 2002 Clear, Plume etched
  83. 83. 6. In which undocumented finish on a documented shape? Shape 2002 Clear, ruby-flashed with gold
  84. 84. 6. In which undocumented finish on a documented shape? Shape 2006 Clear frosted, Butterfly design
  85. 85. 6. In which undocumented finish on a documented shape? Shape 2006 Clear frosted, Deep carved design
  86. 86. 6. In which undocumented finish on a documented shape? Shape 2200 Green etched, silver overlay on ends
  87. 87. 6. In which undocumented finish on a documented shape? Shape 2200 - example 2 Green etched, silver overlay on ends
  88. 88. 6. In which undocumented designs on a documented shape? Shape 2200 Clear, deep carved
  89. 89. 6. In which undocumented design on a documented shape? Shape 2200 Clear, deep carved
  90. 90. 6. In which undocumented design on a documented shape? Shape 2200 Clear, deep carved
  91. 91. 6. In which undocumented finish on a undocumented shape? Shape 15 - mold #3144 Clear, Rose etched, in ormolu
  92. 92. The Chintz Line (1927 - April 2, 1932) © Tom Jiamachello 2014
  93. 93. The Chintz Line (1927 - April 2, 1932) © Tom Jiamachello 2014
  94. 94. 3 How was it produced? I believe that the molds for the Chintz line were very different from the molds used in the Florentine line. The surface of Chintz glass is covered in a high relief Art Deco pattern in which diagonal lines cover the surface of each piece. This pattern is in the mold. The mold includes raised very Oriental-inspired circular cartouches that are covered in black enamel. The glass has an amethyst wash fired onto it, except for the molded raised black enamel cartouches. Consolidated referred to the resulting final color is Mulberry. Interestingly, the background of the black enamel cartouches is clear glass. This means that the whole piece was covered with the amethyst wash. Then the raised circles were wiped clean before the black enamel was put on those cartouches. The patterns on the black cartouches are consistent between different Chintz pieces leading me to believe that a transferware pattern was used to apply the pattern for the black enamel.
  95. 95. 3 How was it produced?
  96. 96. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? There are seven shapes shown here
  97. 97. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2100 - 9” x 7”
  98. 98. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2101 - 9 1/4” x 6 1/2”
  99. 99. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2102 - 8 1/4” x 4”
  100. 100. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2103 - 5 3/4” x 4 1/2”
  101. 101. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2104 - 4 1/2” x 5 1/4”
  102. 102. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2105 - 8” Salad plate
  103. 103. 5. In which shapes was the line produced? Shape 2106 - 7” Bread & Butter plate
  104. 104. The Florentine-Chintz Line (1927 - April 2, 1932) © Tom Jiamachello 2014
  105. 105. Photo credits: Josh & Rich Bair Bill Burke Kevin Kiley Tom Jiamachello Virginia & John MacEachron Jim Medeiros Bill & Jackie Nichols Randy Brown Randy Rauch Dan Stanley Gary Wickland & Bruce Mueller Jack Wilson and the wide spaces of the Internet.
  106. 106. I hope you enjoyed the presentation. Happy collecting!

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