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SECTARIANISM IN PAKISTAN
GROUP MEMBERSWAQAS AHMADMUNAWAR ABBASHAMMAYUN KHAN KAKARBILAL KHAN KAKARHAYAT KHAN NIAZISIKANDAR AHMADATIQUE UR REHMAN
SECTARIANIS-DEFINITION-HISTORY OF SECT IN ISLAM-GLOBAL SITUATION-SECTARIANIS IN PAKISTAN-SUGASSIONS TO OVERCOME
WHAT IS SECTARIANISM?WHAT IS SECTARIANISM?Sectarianism stands forSectarianism stands forsupporting one’s people,familysupp...
 MUNAWAR ABBASMUNAWAR ABBAS ROLL # 17ROLL # 17
SECTARINISM IN ISLAM
HISTORY OF SECTARIANISM INHISTORY OF SECTARIANISM INISLAMISLAMThe division between Shia and Sunni dates back to theThe div...
On the other hand, some Muslims shareOn the other hand, some Muslims sharethe belief that leadership should havethe belief...
 The Shia Muslims believe that following the ProphetThe Shia Muslims believe that following the ProphetMuhammads (PBUH)de...
HISTORY OF SECTARIANHISTORY OF SECTARIANVIOLANCE IN PAKISTANVIOLANCE IN PAKISTANIt is not a fairy tale. Not very long ago,...
SHIA SUNNI CONFLICT INSHIA SUNNI CONFLICT INPAKISTANPAKISTANShia are the 15-25Shia are the 15-25percent of totalpercent of...
SECTARIANISM UNDER THESECTARIANISM UNDER THERULE OF ZIA UL HAQRULE OF ZIA UL HAQIn the early years of sectarian conflict, ...
SIKANDAR AHMADSIKANDAR AHMAD
SECTARIAN VIOLANCE INSECTARIAN VIOLANCE INPAKISTANPAKISTAN
 Since the year 2000, over 2000 Since the year 2000, over 2000 ShiaShia Hazara community Hazara communitymembers includin...
On December 28, 2009, as many as 40 Shias were killed inOn December 28, 2009, as many as 40 Shias were killed inan apparen...
On February 18, 2013, unidentified gunmen shot dead DrOn February 18, 2013, unidentified gunmen shot dead DrSyed Ali Haide...
2012-20132012-2013 February 2012 Kohistan Shia Massacre refers to the massacre ofFebruary 2012 Kohistan Shia Massacre ref...
OTHER MINORITIESOTHER MINORITIESDISCRIMINATION IN PAKISTANDISCRIMINATION IN PAKISTANATIQUE UR REHMANATIQUE UR REHMAN
It is estimated that 96% of Pakistans populationIt is estimated that 96% of Pakistans populationare Muslim with the majori...
HINDUS AND SIKHSHINDUS AND SIKHSFORCED CONVERSIONS :FORCED CONVERSIONS :Hindu women have also been known to be victims ofH...
HINDUS AND SIKHSHINDUS AND SIKHSFORCED CONVERSIONS :FORCED CONVERSIONS :Hindu women have also been known to be victims ofH...
Temple DestructionTemple DestructionIn 2006, the last Hindu templeIn 2006, the last Hindu templein Lahore was destroyed to...
 Sikh community of tribal region were forced to pay Rs 20Sikh community of tribal region were forced to pay Rs 20million ...
CHRISTIANSCHRISTIANSIn March 2002, five people were killed in an attackIn March 2002, five people were killed in an attack...
 On 2 March 2011, the only ChristianOn 2 March 2011, the only Christianminister in the Pakistan government wasminister in...
HAMMAYUN KHAN KAKARHAMMAYUN KHAN KAKAR
FACTORS BEHINDFACTORS BEHINDSECTARIANISM IN PAKISTANSECTARIANISM IN PAKISTAN1) Political factors1) Political factors2)Outs...
POLITICAL FACTORSPOLITICAL FACTORSThe religious political parties have very deepThe religious political parties have very ...
OUTSIDE FUNDINGSOUTSIDE FUNDINGSSome surmise that exacerbating tensions is Arab states,Some surmise that exacerbating tens...
RELIGIOUS EDUCATIONRELIGIOUS EDUCATIONReligious education in Pakistan is also dividedalong sectarian lines. There are five...
Another important factor of sectarian-motivatedviolence, which usually has not received asmuch attention, is the administr...
BASHARAT MANZOORBASHARAT MANZOORRAORAO
EFFECTS OF SECTARIANISMEFFECTS OF SECTARIANISMON SOCIETYON SOCIETYSectarian violence effects badly the societySectarian vi...
KILLINGS ON ON BASISKILLINGS ON ON BASISHundards of innocent peopleHundards of innocent peopleare killed every year withou...
DESTRUCTION OF ECONOMYDESTRUCTION OF ECONOMYSectarian violence effects badly theSectarian violence effects badly theeconom...
EFFECTS ON CHILDRENEFFECTS ON CHILDRENThe children whose parents areThe children whose parents arekilled in sectarianism c...
HAYYAT ULLAH KHANHAYYAT ULLAH KHANNIAZINIAZI
TEACHINGS OF ISLAMTEACHINGS OF ISLAMOur God is one Kabba ,Prophet and Quran is one.Our God is one Kabba ,Prophet and Quran...
The sectarian division among the Muslims isThe sectarian division among the Muslims isindeed against the basic essence of ...
THE HOLY QURAN ONTHE HOLY QURAN ONSECTARIANISMSECTARIANISM"As for those who divide their religion and break up into"As for...
““And hold fast, all of you together, by theAnd hold fast, all of you together, by theRope of Allah and be not divided amo...
BILAL KHAN KAKARBILAL KHAN KAKAR
Recommendations to overcomeRecommendations to overcomesectarianismsectarianism- Interaction and dialogue among religious s...
- Government should strive in consultationwith representatives of all madrassaboards to provide anopportunity to madrassas...
Government should partner withrepresentatives of all Wafaqs, ormadrassa education boards, tocheck production and dissemina...
B.S SOCIOLOGY MALE 11 PRESENTATION SOCIAL THOUGHT
B.S SOCIOLOGY MALE 11 PRESENTATION SOCIAL THOUGHT
B.S SOCIOLOGY MALE 11 PRESENTATION SOCIAL THOUGHT
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B.S SOCIOLOGY MALE 11 PRESENTATION SOCIAL THOUGHT

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B.S SOCIOLOGY MALE 11 PRESENTATION SOCIAL THOUGHT

  1. 1. SECTARIANISM IN PAKISTAN
  2. 2. GROUP MEMBERSWAQAS AHMADMUNAWAR ABBASHAMMAYUN KHAN KAKARBILAL KHAN KAKARHAYAT KHAN NIAZISIKANDAR AHMADATIQUE UR REHMAN
  3. 3. SECTARIANIS-DEFINITION-HISTORY OF SECT IN ISLAM-GLOBAL SITUATION-SECTARIANIS IN PAKISTAN-SUGASSIONS TO OVERCOME
  4. 4. WHAT IS SECTARIANISM?WHAT IS SECTARIANISM?Sectarianism stands forSectarianism stands forsupporting one’s people,familysupporting one’s people,familyor homeland on the bases inor homeland on the bases inviolation of law,right andviolation of law,right andjustice.justice.
  5. 5.  MUNAWAR ABBASMUNAWAR ABBAS ROLL # 17ROLL # 17
  6. 6. SECTARINISM IN ISLAM
  7. 7. HISTORY OF SECTARIANISM INHISTORY OF SECTARIANISM INISLAMISLAMThe division between Shia and Sunni dates back to theThe division between Shia and Sunni dates back to thedeath of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), and thedeath of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), and thequestion of who was to take over the leadership of thequestion of who was to take over the leadership of theMuslim nation. Sunni Muslims agree with the positionMuslim nation. Sunni Muslims agree with the positiontaken by many of the Prophets companions (R.A), thattaken by many of the Prophets companions (R.A), thatthe new leader should be elected from among thosethe new leader should be elected from among thosecapable of the job.capable of the job.This is what was done, and the Prophet MuhammadsThis is what was done, and the Prophet Muhammads(PBUH) close friend and advisor,Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A),(PBUH) close friend and advisor,Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A),became the first Caliph of the Islamic nation. The wordbecame the first Caliph of the Islamic nation. The word"Sunni" in Arabic comes from a word meaning "one who"Sunni" in Arabic comes from a word meaning "one whofollows the traditions of the Prophet."follows the traditions of the Prophet."
  8. 8. On the other hand, some Muslims shareOn the other hand, some Muslims sharethe belief that leadership should havethe belief that leadership should havestayed within the Prophets own family,stayed within the Prophets own family,among those specifically appointed byamong those specifically appointed byhim, or among Imams appointed byhim, or among Imams appointed byGod Himself.God Himself.
  9. 9.  The Shia Muslims believe that following the ProphetThe Shia Muslims believe that following the ProphetMuhammads (PBUH)death, leadership should haveMuhammads (PBUH)death, leadership should havepassed directly to his cousin/son-in-law, passed directly to his cousin/son-in-law, Ali bin Abu TalibAli bin Abu Talib(A.S)(A.S). Throughout history, Shia Muslims have not. Throughout history, Shia Muslims have notrecognized the authority of elected Muslim leaders,recognized the authority of elected Muslim leaders,choosing instead to follow a line of Imams which theychoosing instead to follow a line of Imams which theybelieve have been appointed by the Prophetbelieve have been appointed by the ProphetMuhammad(PBUH) or God Himself. The word "Shia" inMuhammad(PBUH) or God Himself. The word "Shia" inArabic means a group or supportive party of people. TheArabic means a group or supportive party of people. Thecommonly-known term is shortened from the historicalcommonly-known term is shortened from the historical"Shia-t-Ali," or "the Party of Ali (a.s)." They are also"Shia-t-Ali," or "the Party of Ali (a.s)." They are alsoknown as followers of "Ahl-al-Bayt" known as followers of "Ahl-al-Bayt" 
  10. 10. HISTORY OF SECTARIANHISTORY OF SECTARIANVIOLANCE IN PAKISTANVIOLANCE IN PAKISTANIt is not a fairy tale. Not very long ago, MuharramIt is not a fairy tale. Not very long ago, Muharramwas not the season of sectarian violence andwas not the season of sectarian violence andmayhem. People of all sects would attend themayhem. People of all sects would attend theMajalis, under the same roof, to pay homage toMajalis, under the same roof, to pay homage tothe great martyrs of Islam. While the Shiasthe great martyrs of Islam. While the Shiaswould move in processions, Sunnis would linewould move in processions, Sunnis would lineup along the routes making a human protectionup along the routes making a human protectionshield and manage Sabeels. shield and manage Sabeels. Rise of sectarian violence in Pakistan is a recentRise of sectarian violence in Pakistan is a recentphenomenon. People of Pakistan are notphenomenon. People of Pakistan are notsectarian-minded, and for most of the country’ssectarian-minded, and for most of the country’shistory people of different sects have co-existedhistory people of different sects have co-existedpeacefully.peacefully.
  11. 11. SHIA SUNNI CONFLICT INSHIA SUNNI CONFLICT INPAKISTANPAKISTANShia are the 15-25Shia are the 15-25percent of totalpercent of totalpopulation of pakistanpopulation of pakistanwhile another 80 percentwhile another 80 percentpopulation belongs topopulation belongs tosunni islam.sunni islam.
  12. 12. SECTARIANISM UNDER THESECTARIANISM UNDER THERULE OF ZIA UL HAQRULE OF ZIA UL HAQIn the early years of sectarian conflict, extremist SunnisIn the early years of sectarian conflict, extremist Sunnisclashed with Ahmadis, until they were declared non-clashed with Ahmadis, until they were declared non-Muslims in 1974 by the national assembly of PakistanMuslims in 1974 by the national assembly of Pakistanthrough an amendment in constitution. Under continuingthrough an amendment in constitution. Under continuingrule of Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, sectarianism in Pakistan,rule of Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, sectarianism in Pakistan,especially in Karachi and South Punjab, became quiteespecially in Karachi and South Punjab, became quiteviolent as the process of Islamization began in theviolent as the process of Islamization began in thePakistani judicial system.Pakistani judicial system.Social laws, which had been tolerant of the open-sale ofSocial laws, which had been tolerant of the open-sale ofalcohol, intermingling of the sexes, etc. were severelyalcohol, intermingling of the sexes, etc. were severelycurtailed by Zias laws, although hardliners in both thecurtailed by Zias laws, although hardliners in both theShia and Sunni camps were largely in favor of hisShia and Sunni camps were largely in favor of hisrestrictions. The process eventually came upon issues inrestrictions. The process eventually came upon issues inwhich Sunni and Shia viewpoints differed. In suchwhich Sunni and Shia viewpoints differed. In suchinstances Zia favored the Sunni interpretation of Islaminstances Zia favored the Sunni interpretation of Islamover the Shia one, causing a rift between the twoover the Shia one, causing a rift between the twocommunities.communities.
  13. 13. SIKANDAR AHMADSIKANDAR AHMAD
  14. 14. SECTARIAN VIOLANCE INSECTARIAN VIOLANCE INPAKISTANPAKISTAN
  15. 15.  Since the year 2000, over 2000 Since the year 2000, over 2000 ShiaShia Hazara community Hazara communitymembers including many women and children have been killedmembers including many women and children have been killedor wounded in attacks perpetrated by or wounded in attacks perpetrated by SunniSunni Muslim terrorists Muslim terroristsaffiliated with Al-Qaeda and Taliban in southwestern townaffiliated with Al-Qaeda and Taliban in southwestern townof Quetta. Many hundreds of of Quetta. Many hundreds of ShiaShia Muslims have been killed in Muslims have been killed innorthern areas of Pakistan such as Gilgit, Baltistan, Parachinarnorthern areas of Pakistan such as Gilgit, Baltistan, Parachinarand Chelas. The violence worsened immediately afterand Chelas. The violence worsened immediately afterSeptember 11 and the expulsion of the TalibanSeptember 11 and the expulsion of the Talibanfrom Afghanistan. In 2002, 12 Shia Hazara police cadets werefrom Afghanistan. In 2002, 12 Shia Hazara police cadets weregunned down in Quetta. In 2003, the main gunned down in Quetta. In 2003, the main ShiaShia Friday Mosque Friday Mosquewas attacked in Quetta, killing 53 worshippers. March 2, 2004,was attacked in Quetta, killing 53 worshippers. March 2, 2004,at least 42 persons were killed and more than 100 woundedat least 42 persons were killed and more than 100 woundedwhen a procession of the Shia Muslims was attacked by rivalwhen a procession of the Shia Muslims was attacked by rivalSunni extremists at Liaquat Bazaar in Quetta. Separately, onSunni extremists at Liaquat Bazaar in Quetta. Separately, onOctober 7, 2004, a car bomb killed 40 members of an extremistOctober 7, 2004, a car bomb killed 40 members of an extremistSunni organization in Multan. 300 people died during 2006Sunni organization in Multan. 300 people died during 2006
  16. 16. On December 28, 2009, as many as 40 Shias were killed inOn December 28, 2009, as many as 40 Shias were killed inan apparent suicide bombing in Karachi. The bomberan apparent suicide bombing in Karachi. The bomberattacked a Shia procession which was held toattacked a Shia procession which was held tomark Ashuramark AshuraIn early September 2010, three separate attacks wereIn early September 2010, three separate attacks werereported in different parts of Pakistan. The first one tookreported in different parts of Pakistan. The first one tookplace on september 1 in Lahore where at leastplace on september 1 in Lahore where at least35 35 ShiaShia were killed and 160 people sustained injuries were killed and 160 people sustained injuriesduring a processionduring a procession..
  17. 17. On February 18, 2013, unidentified gunmen shot dead DrOn February 18, 2013, unidentified gunmen shot dead DrSyed Ali Haider and his 11-year-old son while they wereSyed Ali Haider and his 11-year-old son while they weredriving in their car in the Gulberg area of Lahore. Haiderdriving in their car in the Gulberg area of Lahore. Haiderwas shot six times in the head and died instantly whilewas shot six times in the head and died instantly whilehis son was shot once in the head and succumbed tohis son was shot once in the head and succumbed tofatal injuries at a hospital. According to reports, Haiderfatal injuries at a hospital. According to reports, Haiderwas a leading vitreo-retinal surgeon, who also worked inwas a leading vitreo-retinal surgeon, who also worked incollaboration with the Shaukat Khanum Memorial Trustcollaboration with the Shaukat Khanum Memorial TrustHospital. According to his uncle, he had "no personalHospital. According to his uncle, he had "no personalenmity" and his killing was sectarian-motivated as heenmity" and his killing was sectarian-motivated as hebelonged to the Shia community. The killings werebelonged to the Shia community. The killings werewidely condemnedwidely condemned
  18. 18. 2012-20132012-2013 February 2012 Kohistan Shia Massacre refers to the massacre ofFebruary 2012 Kohistan Shia Massacre refers to the massacre of18 Shia Muslim residents of Gilgit-Baltistan travelling by bus from18 Shia Muslim residents of Gilgit-Baltistan travelling by bus fromRawalpindi, Punjab to Gilgit, Gilgit Baltistan in Pakistan. The busesRawalpindi, Punjab to Gilgit, Gilgit Baltistan in Pakistan. The buseswere stopped in Kohistan and the victims killed based on theirwere stopped in Kohistan and the victims killed based on theirreligious affiliation by individuals dressed in Military uniforms. Thereligious affiliation by individuals dressed in Military uniforms. Thedead included three children while 27 other passengers on the busdead included three children while 27 other passengers on the buswere spared.were spared. August 2012 Mansehra Shia Massacre On August 16, 2012, fourAugust 2012 Mansehra Shia Massacre On August 16, 2012, fourbuses en route to Gilgit, in northern Pakistan were stopped whenbuses en route to Gilgit, in northern Pakistan were stopped whenpassengers were going back home for Eid-ul-Fitr festivals.passengers were going back home for Eid-ul-Fitr festivals.25 25 ShiaShia passengers were identified by their identity cards and were passengers were identified by their identity cards and wereseparated from other passengers and subsequently shot dead atseparated from other passengers and subsequently shot dead atthe spot. Al-Qaeda affiliated the spot. Al-Qaeda affiliated SunniSunni Muslim militants claimed Muslim militants claimedresponsibility for the attack. Three responsibility for the attack. Three ShiaShia Hazara community Hazara communitymembers were shot dead in the town of Quetta, which is homemembers were shot dead in the town of Quetta, which is hometo to SunniSunni Taliban leadership known as Quetta Shura. Taliban leadership known as Quetta Shura.
  19. 19. OTHER MINORITIESOTHER MINORITIESDISCRIMINATION IN PAKISTANDISCRIMINATION IN PAKISTANATIQUE UR REHMANATIQUE UR REHMAN
  20. 20. It is estimated that 96% of Pakistans populationIt is estimated that 96% of Pakistans populationare Muslim with the majority being Sunni andare Muslim with the majority being Sunni andbetween 12 and 20 percent being Shia. Fourbetween 12 and 20 percent being Shia. Fourpercent of the populationpercent of the populationare Christians, Hindus and Sikh. Since theare Christians, Hindus and Sikh. Since the1970s the Christians have faced religious1970s the Christians have faced religiousdiscrimination as Islamization become the officialdiscrimination as Islamization become the officialpolicy of the government. The Ahmadiyya havepolicy of the government. The Ahmadiyya havefaced greater persecution since 1974 after beingfaced greater persecution since 1974 after beingdeclared "non Muslims" over allegations thatdeclared "non Muslims" over allegations thatthey do not recognize Hazrat Muhammadthey do not recognize Hazrat MuhammadPBUH as the last prophetPBUH as the last prophet
  21. 21. HINDUS AND SIKHSHINDUS AND SIKHSFORCED CONVERSIONS :FORCED CONVERSIONS :Hindu women have also been known to be victims ofHindu women have also been known to be victims ofkidnapping and forced conversion to Islam.Around 20 tokidnapping and forced conversion to Islam.Around 20 to25 Hindu girls are abducted every month and converted25 Hindu girls are abducted every month and convertedto Islam forcibly.to Islam forcibly.On 18 October 2005, Sanno Amra and Champa, a Hindu coupleOn 18 October 2005, Sanno Amra and Champa, a Hindu coupleresiding in the Punjab Colony, Karachi, Sindh returned home to findresiding in the Punjab Colony, Karachi, Sindh returned home to findthat their three teenage daughters had disappeared. After inquiriesthat their three teenage daughters had disappeared. After inquiriesto the local police, the couple discovered that their daughters hadto the local police, the couple discovered that their daughters hadbeen taken to a local madrassah, had been converted to Islam, andbeen taken to a local madrassah, had been converted to Islam, andwere denied unsupervised contact with their parentswere denied unsupervised contact with their parents
  22. 22. HINDUS AND SIKHSHINDUS AND SIKHSFORCED CONVERSIONS :FORCED CONVERSIONS :Hindu women have also been known to be victims ofHindu women have also been known to be victims ofkidnapping and forced conversion to Islam.Around 20 tokidnapping and forced conversion to Islam.Around 20 to25 Hindu girls are abducted every month and converted25 Hindu girls are abducted every month and convertedto Islam forcibly.to Islam forcibly.On 18 October 2005, Sanno Amra and Champa, a Hindu coupleOn 18 October 2005, Sanno Amra and Champa, a Hindu coupleresiding in the Punjab Colony, Karachi, Sindh returned home to findresiding in the Punjab Colony, Karachi, Sindh returned home to findthat their three teenage daughters had disappeared. After inquiriesthat their three teenage daughters had disappeared. After inquiriesto the local police, the couple discovered that their daughters hadto the local police, the couple discovered that their daughters hadbeen taken to a local madrassah, had been converted to Islam, andbeen taken to a local madrassah, had been converted to Islam, andwere denied unsupervised contact with their parentswere denied unsupervised contact with their parents
  23. 23. Temple DestructionTemple DestructionIn 2006, the last Hindu templeIn 2006, the last Hindu templein Lahore was destroyed to pave thein Lahore was destroyed to pave theway for construction of a multi-storiedway for construction of a multi-storiedcommercial building. When reporterscommercial building. When reportersfrom Pakistan-basedfrom Pakistan-basednewpaper Dawn tried to cover thenewpaper Dawn tried to cover theincident.incident.
  24. 24.  Sikh community of tribal region were forced to pay Rs 20Sikh community of tribal region were forced to pay Rs 20million as Jizya, a tax levied on non-Muslims living undermillion as Jizya, a tax levied on non-Muslims living underIslamic rule as Islamic tax in protection money, to theIslamic rule as Islamic tax in protection money, to theTaliban leaders. Talibans demand was actually for RsTaliban leaders. Talibans demand was actually for Rs50 million as jizia but negotiations brought it down to 2050 million as jizia but negotiations brought it down to 20Rs 20 Million. Sikh-owned shops and houses are beingRs 20 Million. Sikh-owned shops and houses are beingheld for ransom.held for ransom. A frightened Sikh businessman Aman Deep SinghA frightened Sikh businessman Aman Deep Singh(pseudonym) “We were living under fear. Fear of the(pseudonym) “We were living under fear. Fear of theTaliban, fear of Lashkar-e-Islam and fear of other armedTaliban, fear of Lashkar-e-Islam and fear of other armedgroups, ..I am not the only one. About 400 Sikh and 57groups, ..I am not the only one. About 400 Sikh and 57Hindu families migrated from (the town of) Bara andHindu families migrated from (the town of) Bara andTirah,”Tirah,”[[
  25. 25. CHRISTIANSCHRISTIANSIn March 2002, five people were killed in an attackIn March 2002, five people were killed in an attackon a church in Islamabad, including an Americanon a church in Islamabad, including an Americanschoolgirl and her motherschoolgirl and her motherOn 25 September 2002, two terrorists entered theOn 25 September 2002, two terrorists entered the"Peace and Justice Institute", Karachi, where"Peace and Justice Institute", Karachi, wherethey separated Muslims from the Christians, andthey separated Muslims from the Christians, andthen murdered seven Christians by shootingthen murdered seven Christians by shootingthem in the headthem in the head
  26. 26.  On 2 March 2011, the only ChristianOn 2 March 2011, the only Christianminister in the Pakistan government wasminister in the Pakistan government wasshot dead. Shahbaz Bhatti, Minister forshot dead. Shahbaz Bhatti, Minister forMinorities, was in his car along with hisMinorities, was in his car along with hisniece. Around 50 bullets struck the car.niece. Around 50 bullets struck the car.Over 10 bullets hit Bhatti. Before hisOver 10 bullets hit Bhatti. Before hisdeath, he had publicly stated that he wasdeath, he had publicly stated that he wasnot afraid of the Talibans threats and wasnot afraid of the Talibans threats and waswilling to die for his faith and beliefs. willing to die for his faith and beliefs. 
  27. 27. HAMMAYUN KHAN KAKARHAMMAYUN KHAN KAKAR
  28. 28. FACTORS BEHINDFACTORS BEHINDSECTARIANISM IN PAKISTANSECTARIANISM IN PAKISTAN1) Political factors1) Political factors2)Outside fundings2)Outside fundings3)Religious Education3)Religious Education
  29. 29. POLITICAL FACTORSPOLITICAL FACTORSThe religious political parties have very deepThe religious political parties have very deepinfluence in societies.They use people forinfluence in societies.They use people fortheir vote.These political parties rule in thetheir vote.These political parties rule in thename of Islam .Infact these parties favourname of Islam .Infact these parties favoura special sect.These parties get benefitsa special sect.These parties get benefitsfrom conflict between people created byfrom conflict between people created bythem.them.
  30. 30. OUTSIDE FUNDINGSOUTSIDE FUNDINGSSome surmise that exacerbating tensions is Arab states,Some surmise that exacerbating tensions is Arab states,especially Saudi Arabia and GCC states, funding radicalespecially Saudi Arabia and GCC states, funding radicalextremist Sunnis and the Iranian state funding of Shiaextremist Sunnis and the Iranian state funding of Shiaextremists and in Pakistan, resulting in tit for tat attacksextremists and in Pakistan, resulting in tit for tat attackson each other.on each other.It is widely accepted that sectarian violence in Pakistan isIt is widely accepted that sectarian violence in Pakistan isa recent phenomenon and that for most of the countrysa recent phenomenon and that for most of the countryshistory, people of different sects have co-existedhistory, people of different sects have co-existedpeacefully. The development of sectarianism is widelypeacefully. The development of sectarianism is widelyattributed to be a result of financial funding ofattributed to be a result of financial funding offundamentalist networks, numbering in millions offundamentalist networks, numbering in millions ofdollars, by Arab states and other outside powers insidedollars, by Arab states and other outside powers insidePakistanPakistan
  31. 31. RELIGIOUS EDUCATIONRELIGIOUS EDUCATIONReligious education in Pakistan is also dividedalong sectarian lines. There are five religiouseducation boards (Wafaqul Madaaris) catering toeducational needs of Barelvi, Ahle Hadith,Deobandi, Shia and Jamaat-e-Islami madrassas.Sectarian-oriented curricula and publications ofmadrassas are considered a key factor inpromotion of sectarianism in Pakistan.
  32. 32. Another important factor of sectarian-motivatedviolence, which usually has not received asmuch attention, is the administrative side of theproblem, or how local administrations dealwith issues involving different sectarian groups,such as disputes over mosques, routes forAshura and Eid Milad-un-Nabi processions,allotments of plots for religious purposes, andallocation of auqaf property, etc.
  33. 33. BASHARAT MANZOORBASHARAT MANZOORRAORAO
  34. 34. EFFECTS OF SECTARIANISMEFFECTS OF SECTARIANISMON SOCIETYON SOCIETYSectarian violence effects badly the societySectarian violence effects badly the societyin all aspects.in all aspects.It causes many harmful andIt causes many harmful andillegal activity in society.illegal activity in society.1-Kiling on no basis1-Kiling on no basis2-destruction of economic system2-destruction of economic system3-Effects on children3-Effects on children4-Hatered an Extremism.4-Hatered an Extremism.
  35. 35. KILLINGS ON ON BASISKILLINGS ON ON BASISHundards of innocent peopleHundards of innocent peopleare killed every year withoutare killed every year withoutany reason.They are killedany reason.They are killedon the basis of their sects.on the basis of their sects.Islam strictly prohibits theIslam strictly prohibits themassacremassacre
  36. 36. DESTRUCTION OF ECONOMYDESTRUCTION OF ECONOMYSectarian violence effects badly theSectarian violence effects badly theeconomic system.The stikes againsteconomic system.The stikes againstsectarianism severly damaged thesectarianism severly damaged theeconomy.economy.
  37. 37. EFFECTS ON CHILDRENEFFECTS ON CHILDRENThe children whose parents areThe children whose parents arekilled in sectarianism cannot livekilled in sectarianism cannot liveproper life.They become extremistproper life.They become extremistand cruel.They began to hate withand cruel.They began to hate withtheir muslims brothers.And finallytheir muslims brothers.And finallythey become millitantsthey become millitants ..
  38. 38. HAYYAT ULLAH KHANHAYYAT ULLAH KHANNIAZINIAZI
  39. 39. TEACHINGS OF ISLAMTEACHINGS OF ISLAMOur God is one Kabba ,Prophet and Quran is one.Our God is one Kabba ,Prophet and Quran is one.Then why are we divided? The simple reason ofThen why are we divided? The simple reason ofour division is that we are clung to religiousour division is that we are clung to religiouspersonalities and are carrying the standards ofpersonalities and are carrying the standards ofslogans. We should adopt the Islamicslogans. We should adopt the IslamicPrinciples. We will have to restudy our history inPrinciples. We will have to restudy our history inthe light of logic and facts. We will have tothe light of logic and facts. We will have tointerpret the Quran according to the needs ofinterpret the Quran according to the needs oftime. We must abandon the sectarian approachtime. We must abandon the sectarian approachand promote the Islamic principles of unity. and promote the Islamic principles of unity. 
  40. 40. The sectarian division among the Muslims isThe sectarian division among the Muslims isindeed against the basic essence of Islamicindeed against the basic essence of Islamicteachings. Islam foster unity among its believersteachings. Islam foster unity among its believersand forbids division. and forbids division. After this clear direction, there remains no roomAfter this clear direction, there remains no roomfor any division. This is very unfortunate that,for any division. This is very unfortunate that,Muslims are divided among themselves for veryMuslims are divided among themselves for verypetty gains and in violation of the clear andpetty gains and in violation of the clear andunambiguous commandment of Allah Almightyunambiguous commandment of Allah Almightyand despite repeated warnings of the Holyand despite repeated warnings of the HolyProphet (PBUH). Prophet (PBUH). 
  41. 41. THE HOLY QURAN ONTHE HOLY QURAN ONSECTARIANISMSECTARIANISM"As for those who divide their religion and break up into"As for those who divide their religion and break up intosects, you have no part of them in the least. Their affairsects, you have no part of them in the least. Their affairis with Allah; He will in the end tell them the truth of allis with Allah; He will in the end tell them the truth of allthat they did."that they did."(6:159)(6:159)"Surely, this brotherhood of yours is a single brotherhood, and I am"Surely, this brotherhood of yours is a single brotherhood, and I amyour Lord and Cherisher. Therefore serve me and no other. But theyyour Lord and Cherisher. Therefore serve me and no other. But theybroke their religion into sects among them; yet they will all return tobroke their religion into sects among them; yet they will all return toUs."Us." (21:92-93) (21:92-93)"And surely this brotherhood of your is a single brotherhood, and I am"And surely this brotherhood of your is a single brotherhood, and I amyour Lord and Cherisher. Therefore fear Me and no other. Butyour Lord and Cherisher. Therefore fear Me and no other. Butpeople have broken their religion into sects, each group rejoicing inpeople have broken their religion into sects, each group rejoicing inthat which is with them. But leave them in their confused ignorancethat which is with them. But leave them in their confused ignorancefor a time."for a time."(23:52-54)(23:52-54)
  42. 42. ““And hold fast, all of you together, by theAnd hold fast, all of you together, by theRope of Allah and be not divided amongstRope of Allah and be not divided amongstyourselves.” (Quran)yourselves.” (Quran)
  43. 43. BILAL KHAN KAKARBILAL KHAN KAKAR
  44. 44. Recommendations to overcomeRecommendations to overcomesectarianismsectarianism- Interaction and dialogue among religious scholars andmadrassa students and teachers belonging to allreligiousschools of thought, or sects, are direly needed to removewidespread misperceptions among religious sects aboutone another.- Many examples prove that religious and sectariandisputes are initially local in nature and theirprudent handling by administrations can nip them in thebid. The local administrations and bureaucracyalso need ideological overhauling to refresh their vision.
  45. 45. - Government should strive in consultationwith representatives of all madrassaboards to provide anopportunity to madrassas students to studyviewpoints of different religious schools ofthoughts. Themadrassa curricula should emphasizereligious education and not sectarianeducation.
  46. 46. Government should partner withrepresentatives of all Wafaqs, ormadrassa education boards, tocheck production and dissemination ofprovocative and hate material

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