The word "baroque" came from the Portugueseword barroco, meaning "misshapen pearl", a negativedescription of the ornate and heavily ornamentedmusic of this period; later, the name came to beapplied also to its architecture. Composers of the baroque era include JohannSebastian Bach, George Frideric Handel.
The Classical period, from about 1750 to 1820,established many of the norms of composition,presentation, and style, and was also when the pianobecame the predominant keyboard instrument.The basic forces required for an orchestra becamesomewhat standardized. The best known composers from this periodare Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwigvan Beethoven, and Franz Schubert
Romantic music or music in the Romantic Period isa musicological and artistic term referring to aparticular period, theory, compositional practice,and canon in Western music history, from 1810 to 1900. Musical forms began to break from the Classical eraforms (even as those were being codified), with free-form pieces like nocturnes, fantasias, and preludes Themusic became more chromatic, dissonant, and tonallycolorful, with tensions