20090215 Infosphere Osint Catalyst


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Open Source Intelligence ( OSINT) presentation . The presentation is supported by a presenation from our CEO that challenges the existing OSINT philosphy within governmental organiszations. He stresses the need for collobration with business and academia and not reinvent the wheel inside "closed" organizations

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  • 20090215 Infosphere Osint Catalyst

    1. 1. CLASSIC INTELLIGENCE- WHATS WRONG WITH THIS PICTURE? 06/07/09 Copyright 2008: Infosphere AB
    2. 2. Intelligence 06/07/09
    3. 3. WHY THE DISCIPLINE OF INTELLIGENCE ? <ul><li>There is one thing that will happen: THERE WILL BE CHANGE. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Big changes will happen suddenly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small changes – can be controlled or at least anticipated… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perspective and consequences of changes can be learnt from the past </li></ul></ul>06/07/09 Copyright 2008: Infosphere AB
    4. 4. INTELLIGENCE…… <ul><li>Be curious and be open minded </li></ul><ul><li>Look cross-industry, cross discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Aim to become a generalist </li></ul><ul><li>Never dismiss anything too quickly </li></ul><ul><li>Ask questions . Non stop. Why is something happening? Why was it introduced? Why do people like it? Or why do they hate it? Who benefits from this? Consequences? </li></ul><ul><li>Try stuff out </li></ul><ul><li>Get rid of taboos, prejudices, dogmatism, negativity . All of this will block your ability to pick up new ideas, to understand your operating environment, and will thus cost you money and lives. </li></ul>06/07/09 Copyright 2008: Infosphere AB
    5. 5. THE CHALLENGE IS NOT COLLECTION OF INFORMATION -- it’s the sensemaking
    6. 6. TURNING DATA INTO INTELLIGENCE Collection Processing Analysis Reporting IM … SIG … HUM … MAS … OS ... Information Single Discipline Analysis All Source Analysis Raw Data B I T S S I G N A L S S E N S O R P H Y S I C A L D A T A O B J E C T S … INT Intel Report CLIENTS Intelligence <ul><li>Types of </li></ul><ul><li>Intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>Current </li></ul><ul><li>Estimative </li></ul><ul><li>Warning </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific & </li></ul><ul><li>Technical </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul>
    7. 7. NATIONAL, COMMERCIAL & PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE TODAY Personal Relationships Organizational Relationships Technical Processes/Flows Electronic Connectivity/ Information Flows Transportation Networks Currency/Financial Transfers
    8. 8. COMMON SENSE IS BEING INSTITUTIONALIZED Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) is an intelligence gathering discipline that involves collecting information from open sources and analyzing it to produce usable intelligence. In the Intelligence Community , the term &quot;open&quot; refers to overt, publicly available sources (as opposed to covert or classified sources). Definitions that puts in question if “ Open Source Intelligence” should just be coined as “ Intelligence“ Is it intelligent to separate the functions? In the world of secret services, Open Source Intelligence (OS-INT) means useful information gleaned from public sources , such as scientific articles, newspapers, phone books and price lists. We use the term differently. In the followings OS-INT means the application of collaborative principles developed by the Open Source Software movement to the gathering and analysis of information. These principles include: peer review, reputation- rather than sanctions-based authority, the free sharing of product s, and flexible levels of involvement and responsibility. Ninety percent of intelligence comes from open sources . The other ten percent, the clandestine work, is just the more dramatic. The real intelligence hero is Sherlock Holmes, not James Bond. Lieutenant General Sam Wilson, USA Ret. former Director, Defense Intelligence Agency
    9. 9. BUT WHY ARE WE TALKING OSINT OSINT <ul><li>Ubiquitous connectivity and access to information are encouraging heightened individual and collective knowledge creation. </li></ul><ul><li>Vast parts of personal lives will be voluntarily shared (and involuntarily) mined for, in the process of global information production . Maintaining the safety of the networks and the foresight to navigate these new developments will be increasingly contested and difficult. </li></ul><ul><li>AND W e are in the open, and our challenges that we face are also in the open . </li></ul><ul><li>While borders are dissolving in the virtual landscape, the “real world” is witnessing serious military conflict and aggressive nationalistic tendencies that could last for decades. Globalization, mixed with a general feeling of powerlessness and anxiety, will drive an increase in religious fundamentalism, nationalism and tribalism . </li></ul><ul><li>Basic resources are under threat, including water, energy, food, habitats and climate, as consumption is rising faster than the planet can sustain it. </li></ul><ul><li>In light of recent losses of faith in corporations and politicians, more public and institutional stakeholders will demand transparency and accountability from the business world . They will be in the open.. </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
    11. 11. <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li></li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>“ I see by the current issue of ‘Lab News’, Ridgeway, that you’ve been working for the last 20 years on the same problem I’ve been working on for the last 20 years.” AND WE STILL HAVE THE SAME PROBLEM
    12. 12. SAME, BUT ...OH SO DIFFERENT – OR? <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li></li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Create isolated units even within a nation. </li></ul><ul><li>Collect, Store and Re-Retrieve, React. </li></ul><ul><li>Enforces existing methods on new media </li></ul><ul><li>Build own systems based on existing rules and culture </li></ul><ul><li>Violates copyright rules to save money </li></ul><ul><li>Uses a mix of consultants, research reports, in-house knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>Buy, Compare, Analyze and Act </li></ul><ul><li>Benchmark and create rules for market leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Buy rights to use information and to share (if needed) </li></ul>The cultural heritage from the Intelligence community is not always a good fit for effective Open Source Intelligence/Information.
    13. 13. INTELLIGENCE REQUIREMENTS ARE NOt UNIQUE FOR GOVERNMENTS 06/07/09 Copyright 2008: Infosphere AB <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li></li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>87% said: A major problem for developing and maintaining winning strategies was about “ Rapid gathering of information to support critical decisions” 68% said: Key issues for executives is 24x7 information collection , with intelligence/ alerts distributed to the appropriate users 76% said: “ Knowing what customers are saying about their firm and its products or services &quot; is a frequent and frustrating challenge Get tailored and crisp information so we understand what is needed.before our competetitors make a move. IN A SURVEY OF 500 SENIOR LEVEL EXECUTIVES…
    14. 14. DRIVERS & LENSES “The general environment is composed of trends in the broader society that influence everything in it. The big picture = Open Sources. The details is a mix of ideas, intentions and inventions. 06/07/09 Copyright 2008: Infosphere AB GEOPOLITICS & GOVERNANCE ECONOMICS & FINANCE CULTURES & SOCIETIES VALUES & BELIEF SYSTEMS CIVILIZATION & INFRASTRUCUTRE ENVIRONMENT & SUSTAINABILITY SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY
    15. 15. MACRO & MICRO <ul><li>MACRO are within the broad forces of change that create the future context of today’s world. They track the sudden appearance and ongoing progress of emerging global phenomena, such as market motivators, trends and values. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding and utilizing this is now seen a prerequisite for excelling in business. And politics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coming to an understanding of changes, and determining their significance to current challenges, allows us to strategically anticipate and adapt to change, and alerts us to the threats and opportunities in our future environments. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MICRO gives us the detail of the bigger picture. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They are the tangible manifestations of the macro factors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They can be as simple as a drawing or bus time table. </li></ul></ul>06/07/09 Copyright 2008: Infosphere AB
    16. 16. BUT ITS ALL ABOUT MAKING SMART DESCIONS. 06/07/09 Copyright 2008: Infosphere AB Because in a fast changing environment TODAY , we can make better decisions for TOMORROW . Why do we concern ourselves with Intelligence?
    17. 17. GET INSIGHT – FAST ---BUT HOW? <ul><li>Papers, websites, mags, blogs, books, news, newsletters TV, movies, radio Seminars, fairs, trade shows Customers, clients, colleagues, friends, family Eavesdropping, chat rooms, conversations Advertising at large Competitors Street life, travel Friends, colleagues, family Consultants, researchers, experts …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. Zzzzzzzzzzzz there is NO TIME!!! </li></ul>06/07/09 Copyright 2008: Infosphere AB
    18. 18. Early Warning Search Monitor Receive Shape Control Follow Active Passive Late Reaction THE BIG CHALLENGE Academic Publications Patents Alternative Press Trade Publications Research Reports Chat Rooms Personal Web Sites Online New Sites News Groups News Groups Chat Rooms e - commerce sites Chat Rooms Chat Rooms Chat Rooms Chat Rooms News Groups News Groups News Groups Chat Rooms Personal Web Sites Personal Web Sites Personal Web Sites Personal Web Sites Personal Web Sites Personal Web Sties Personal Web Sites Personal Web Sites Chat Rooms News Groups Online New Sites Online New Sites Online New Sites Online New Sites Online New Sites Online New Sites Online New Alternative Press Alternative Press Patents Patents Patents Trade Publications Trade Publications Trade Publications Research Reports News Magazines Periodical Magazines Periodical Magazines News Magazines Quality of Data Raw Synthesized Timeless of Data Instantaneous Historical e - commerce sites e - commerce sites Academic Publications Patents Alternative Press Trade Publications Research Reports Chat Rooms Personal Web Sites Online New Sites News SMS News Groups Chat Rooms e - commerce Chat Rooms Chat Rooms Chat Blogs Chat Rooms News Groups News Groups News Grops Chat Rooms Personal Web Sites Personal Web Sites Personal Web Sites Personal Web Sites Personal Web Sites Personal Web Sties Personal Web Sites Personal Web Sites Chat News Groups Online New Sites Online New Sites Online New Sites Online New Sites Online New Sites Online New Sites Offline News Alternative Press Alternative Press Patents Patents Patents Trade Publications Trade Publications Trade Publications Research Reports News Magazines Periodical Magazines Periodical Magazines News Magazines Quality of Data Raw Synthesized Timeliness of Data Instantaneous Historical e - commerce e - commerce sites MMS
    19. 19. ACTIONABLE INFORMATION Academics is fine, but it´s not always “in time” Clients want answers - not carefully designed documents; they need a single view of a situation context integrating both structured and unstructured information; and they demand decision support solutions rather than heavy IT or academic infrastructure requiring expensive integration and time consuming training.. They don´t need the 8 month study about the conditions in Mid East in the 30ties. That is just a 4 sentence contextual background. DISSEMETION Months-Weeks Years – several months Weeks-Hours
    20. 20. EVERYONE IS A MEDIA MOGUL Internet, and related phenomena has made everyone to a source, communicator and recipient. DISSEMETION Videos published, aggregated, tagged and edited Description The previous high cost of producing studio quality video or high end designed “magazines” has gone down to nothing. Anyone with access to a good cell phone can be as powerful as CNN or Al Jazeera. Implications The opportunities for executing media campaigns , information warfare, psychological warfare, nice diplomacy, collecting on the spot information is almost without limits. The skills that create an advantage is fast access to the creative networks, the key analytical skill to make sense of all information available is contextual skills. Truth is every flavor, all the time. ” Sick” Sites that aggregate media within one sector ” Humor ” copycats that is just for ads, counter message, stupidity... And so on
    21. 21. 06/07/09 : : : FACEBOOK JOURNALISM Facebook is being used as a mass communication tool, transforming the definition of citizen journalism Description Social networking sites like Facebook have taken citizen journalism to the next level. This year, Facebook was proved to be a reliable source for spreading messages, from emergency warnings to activism campaigns to gaining political favor. Implications More people are looking to news sites and blogs created by citizen journalists to obtain news, facts, product reviews and entertainment. This is largely due to the fact that people consider content from friends to be more credible than traditional news media which is typically paid for by advertisers. Facebook is one of the easiest, cheapest and most rapid forms of media to create buzz. People are more likely to endorse a product or service or a support an icon or leader if their friends are doing the same. Oxford Uses Facebook to Find and Fine Students Grassroots Facebook Campaigns Against HSBC Successful! ( Politicians on Facebook - Social Networking to Win Votes - Obama online: His Web presence draws volunteers to Texas Facebook has helped bring public protest to Colombia, a country with no real history of mass demonstrations. A young Colombian engineer used the social networking site to organize a massive protest against the Revolutionary Armed Forces, known as FARC. On Feb. 4 2008, millions of Colombians marched simultaneously in 27 cities throughout the country and 104 major cities around the world shouting &quot;No more kidnappings! No more lies! No more deaths! No more FARC!&quot; CULTURE
    22. 22. INFORMATION VALUE CHAIN <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li></li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>DATA INFORMATION INTELLIGENCE PAST PRESENT FUTURE Contextualized Categorized Calculated Corrected Condensed Compared Connections Calculated Consequences Connections Conversations Chances Data becomes information when asked for Intelligence becomes information when not needed PASSIVE ACTIVE PROACTIVE Information becomes data when not needed INFORMATION VOLUME LEVEL OF SYNTHESIS (ANALYSIS) AND CONTEXT
    23. 23. RE-THINK, BREAK SOME RULES <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li></li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    24. 24. OUR VIEW OF INTELLIGENCE <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li></li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Sharing is power </li></ul><ul><li>Somewhere in the world, there is someone that can aswer your question </li></ul><ul><li>Use methods that constatly devlops in harmony with technology, sources and legal framworks.- </li></ul><ul><li>Outsource ( Digital outsourcing and Human outsorcing) </li></ul><ul><li>Reclycle and catalyst existing internal information & knowledge and knowledge in the extended orgaizations. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not reinvent the wheel. </li></ul><ul><li>Always look at the open baseline </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinate te requests </li></ul><ul><li>Cooridnate the neworks </li></ul><ul><li>Unify </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinate technology use </li></ul><ul><li>Use open technology </li></ul><ul><li>What does your staff use at home? </li></ul><ul><li>Use integrated soultions </li></ul><ul><li>Go simple, go now </li></ul>Money Objectives
    25. 25. SOME DETAILS.... 06/07/09 Copyright 2008: Infosphere AB
    26. 26. INFORMATION SOURCES ( with a stretch) <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li></li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    27. 27. ONLINE Opportunities, confusion, and capabilities Description Global access to online information in databases has been around for decades. In the “old” days only large corporations and governments. With the advance of user friendly interfaces and the WWW in the early 90ties , infrastructure enhancements and decreasing costs of technology,- new opportunities for content creation, production and delivery has emerged Implications Access to information is global, instantaneous and overwhelming New challenges but also opportunities for accessing and processing and verifying information has entered the scene. The truth will be corrected… all the time, in several versions. Free Information COLLECTION For fee Information Access to People
    28. 28. OFF-LINE Knowing who knows what and access to boots on the .ground, also applies to “OSINT” COLLECTION Access to people is key to understand intentions and ideas Description Traditional interview techniques, human electing and doing field trips is allowed.. Why not? Access to the networks and communicating the findings has however dramatically evolved with the use of technology . Implications The “ Mark 1 eyeball” is still unbeaten as a tool to get the primary source take on any issue. By using distributed means of reporting, also the offline info can be almost instantaneous. Technology connects you to distant networks Distributed reporting integrated offline with online data for fast processing and analytics
    29. 29. 06/07/09 Copyright 2009: Infosphere AB BEST IN CLASS – OSINT FOR EVERYONE - SILOBREAKER – its free!!!