Change will not come if we wait for another person or another time. WE ARE the change we seek. WE ARE the people we’ve been waiting for.- OBAMA
Vision:• to usher in a new age of ‘Informed Participation’ in democracy and public life in Mumbai and the democratic universe beyond• decimating guesswork from public decision making and opinion building amongst citizens in India• incentivising progressive politics through relentless public scrutiny and thus spawning a trajectory from the ‘Worlds Largest Democracy’ – to a ‘Evolved Democracy’
Mission :• Developing, nourishing and continually magnifying the most comprehensive resource for rigorously researched, objectively analyzed, and efficiently communicated information about elected representatives erected in India’s democratic history, where citizens can receive reliable, unbiased, perceptive and performance-based information related to the representatives they democratically vote into power.’
Goal – Monitoring Promise vs. Performance and Informed Voting• Promises made by MPs, MLAs, Corporators and Candidates through Video Interviews, Newspaper Articles, Manifestos• Performance through Legislative Record Analysis, Criminal Records, News Report Analysis• During Elections: Detailed Profiles, Video Interviews, Manifesto vs. Constituency Needs, Financial Assets and Criminal Record Analysis of Election Candidates
Portal• Complete News Research of all articles related to elected representatives and candidates (Jan 1, 2004 onwards) from all major dailies in multiple languages• Periodically updated video-interviews and questionaire responses of elected representatives and candidates.• Critical Governance Issues ascertained in each electoral constituency (complaint records analysis, citizen-polling)• Legislative Record Data & analysis (Attendance Records Analysis, Committee Membership Analysis, Legislative Functions Analysis – Participation through Debates, Questions, Bill-introduction)• Development Fund Spending Analysis• Criminal Record Analysis• Unconstitutional Promise Analysis• Election Manifesto vs. Citizen Issue Analysis• News Content Analysis - Promise vs. Performance
Methodology• RESEARCH – 11 Data Elements• ANALYSIS – Rigorous cross-referencing of all sources. Expert reviewed methodology• INDICATORS– Analysis results subjected to uniform Scoring-Algorithm
Research Sources1. News Archives – 2004 to Present English Hindi Marathi GujaratiDaily News & Analysis Navbharat Times Maharashtra Times Mumbai SamacharTimes Of India Navbharat Loksatta JanmabhoomiMumbai Mirror MahanagarHindustan TimesMid-DayIndian Express
Research Sources2. Critical Constituency Issues: Praja.org, Citizen Opinion Polls by MumbaiVotes.com / JaagoRe.com, Census Data (population)3. Attendance Records: Praja.org, loksabha.nic.in, Parliamentary Research Services (PRSIndia.org)4. Committee Membership Records: Praja.org, loksabha.nic.in, PRSIndia.org5. Questions & Debates Records: Praja.org, loksabha.nic.in, PRSIndia.org6. Bill Introductions Records: Praja.org, loksabha.nic.in, PRSIndia.org
Research Sources7. Spending Records: Praja.org, loksabha.nic.in8. Criminal Records: Association for Democratic Reforms (ADRIndia.org), EmpoweringIndia.org, Praja.org, AGNI, Candidate Affidavits9. Financial Assets: Association for Democratic Reforms (ADRIndia.org), EmpoweringIndia.org, Praja.org, AGNI, Candidate Affidavits10. Manifestos (Party and/or Individual)11. Video Interviews & Questionaires Adminstered by MumbaiVotes.com
Analysis Methodology• Attendance <= 25% Attendance 4 RED FLAGS > 25% to <= 50% Attendance 3 RED FLAGS > 50% to <= 75% Attendance 2 RED FLAGS > 75% to <= 90% Attendance 1 RED FLAG > 90% to < 100 % Attendance 1 ORANGE FLAG 100 % Attendance 1 GREEN FLAG• Manifesto vs. Issues Citizens invited to select development priorities amongst various issues. The election manifesto of a Candidate is checked to see if solutions for the top-5 issues of the area are mentioned in it. 1 Green Flag for each ‘match’, 1 Red Flag for each ‘absence’.
Analysis Methodology• Questions & Debates Participation - Quantitative <= 0.10 Qs+Debates /Meeting 2 RED FLAGS > 0.10 to <= 0.15 Qs + Debates/ Meeting 1 RED FLAG > 0.15 to <=0.20 Qs + Debates/Meeting 1 ORANGE FLAG > 0.20 to <= 0.25 Qs + Debates/Day 1 GREEN FLAG > 0.25 Qs + Debates/Day 2 GREEN FLAG - Qualitative Content analysis conducted based on social science research methods to ascertain quality and pattern of questioning. Assessed for correlation with public commitments and election agenda. Criteria used: - Issue of questioning - Specificity / Rigorousness of Research - Expository/Illuminating Substance - Purely Information Seeking - Policy Related - Call for Action
Analysis Methodology• Bills Introduced Private Members Bill is an opportunity to introduce better, more effective laws or improve governance by influencing the governments policies. Spending a 5-year term without attempting to introduce a bill results in a RED FLAG. Every Bill introduced results in 2 GREEN FLAGS.• Spending - Quantitative <= 50% Spending 2 RED FLAGS > 50% to <= 75% Spending 1 RED FLAG > 75% to <= 90% Spending 1 ORANGE FLAG > 90% to <= 100 % Spending 1 GREEN FLAG - Qualitative Spending breakdown analysis conducted to ascertain correlation between public commitments/election agenda and LAD Fund Spending pattern.
Analysis Methodology• Criminal Record (Pending Court Cases) Other Minor Criminal Charges 1 RED FLAG Defiling Place of Worship 1 RED FLAG False Oaths / Perjury 1 RED FLAG Dishonesty, cheating, fraud, forgery, dealing in stolen 2 RED FLAGS property Other violent crimes - using dangerous weapons, 3 RED FLAGS causing grievous hurt, assault on woman etc Rape 4 RED FLAGS Theft and extortion 4 RED FLAGS Kidnapping 4 RED FLAGS Robbery and dacoity 4 RED FLAGS Murder, attempt to murder, culpable murder, causing 5 RED FLAGS suicide etc
• Unconstitutional Promise Analysis Manifestos and other speeches, interviews reported in news media are examined by an expert on Civics and Politics to assess if they contain any unconstitutional promises or statements. Every separate instance of these unconstitutional promises results in 5 RED FLAGS – equivalent to a crime of the gravest kind according to the Criminal Record scale.• Promise vs. Performance News reports about actions, speeches and statements made by elected representative analyzed and compared with the representatives own commitments (made via the manifesto, speeches, interviews) or official public records (from parliament, assembly, and municipality). Every instance of inconsistency is recorded. Inconsistency Rating Scale: Ratio = 0 % to <=10 % 1 GREEN FLAGS Ratio > 10 % to <= 25 % 1 ORANGE FLAG Ratio > 25 % 1 RED FLAG
MumbaiVotes TeamsI) Research – News reportage, Video Interviews, Legislative Performance TrackII) Analysis –Manifesto, Criminal Record, Legislative Record, and Promise vs. Performance AnalysisIII) Communication – Social Media, Newspapers, Members DatabasesIV) Advocacy – Reinventing Election ProcessV) Education – Constitution De-MystificationVI) Outreach – Fund-raising, Partnerships & CollaborationsVII) Data Integrity – Data-Cleanup, QA/QCVIII) Website Data Management – Video Processing, Content Collation, UploadingIX) Translation / Transcription – Data Management & Analysis Teams English Data FacilitationIX) Website Design & Development – CMS, Graphic Design, Features & Tools
MumbaiVotes Evolution - 6-Month GoalsJanuary 2011 - First Annual MP Promise vs. Performance Analysis Report containing readerfriendly analysis that willanswer the following compelling questions:• % of instances (newspaper articles) where an MP has displayed inconsistency between pre-election agenda and actions in the public domain.• Analysis of questions asked in Parliament. Do they correlate with the issues they themselves proposed to tackle during their election campaign?• Did they play an active role in Parliamentary debates or were they passive observers allowing national issues to be decided without their intimate involvement?• Annual MPLAD funds use analysis. Did they spend their annual allocation of funds to resolve the issues they promised to during their election campaign?• Did they attend the decisive Parliament sessions regularly or did they skip these in favor of other items higher on their priority list?
MumbaiVotes Evolution – 5 & 10 Year Goals 5 Year Goals 10 Year Goals
MumbaiVotes – Achievements upto Nov 2010Phase 1 (Upto April 2009)• Candidate Profile compilation for the 15th Lok Sabha Elections in Mumbai.• 122 Candidates announced candidature from Mumbai – Video-Interviewed 81 Candidates within 2 weeks following nomination announcements.• Direct MumbaiVotes.com website (unique) users during Phase 1 ~ 38,000• Total online users of MumbaiVotes content through partnership with Jaago Re: ~1.8 Lac• MumbaiVotes content used by NGO’s Action for Good Governance and Networking in India (AGNI) and Jagrut Nagrik Manch (JNM) for probing candidates during ‘Meet the Candidate Meetings’• PR Budget – NIL. Aachieved through volunteer efforts and gratis support from partner institutions.
MumbaiVotes – Achievements upto Nov 2010Phase 2 (Upto October 2009)• Repeat Phase 1 activity for 2009 MLA Elections in Mumbai.• 424 Candidates announced candidature from Mumbai – Video-Interviewed 85 Candidates within 2 weeks following nomination announcements.• Direct MumbaiVotes.com website (unique) users during Phase 2 ~ 20,300• Total online users of MumbaiVotes content through partnership with Jaago Re: during Phase 2 ~1.6 Lac• MumbaiVotes content used by JNM to engage local communities in Andheri (W) Assembly Constituency in support of local Citizen’s Independent Candidates. Direct disseminated to 50,000 citizens.
MumbaiVotes – Achievements upto Nov 2010Phase 3 (Upto November 2010)• Currently tracking (August 25, 2010) 1444 politicians with 407 Video Interviews and 4851 articles related to MP’s, MLA’s and Municipal Councillors.• Total website (unique) users as of August 25, 2010 ~ 1.02 Lac.• MumbaiVotes selected by GlobalVoices Online’s ‘Technology for Transparency Network’ as amongst the most promising innovative ideas across the world for employing information-age tech methods for ushering accountability and incentivising progressive politics.• Subject of research conducted by Harvard University’s Dept. of Govt. for the George Soros Foundation to evaluate impact on all stakeholder’s in the democratic process in Mumbai. Amongst 3 institutions selected from India by Harvard.• Vivek Gilani – Founder, invited to apply for Ashoka Fellowship through a fast-track process. Selection in process.
Academic Partner InstitutionsMUMBAI UNIVERSITY – MASTERS IN COMMUNICATION & JOURNALISM (MCJ) PROGRAMME First and Last Year students belonging to various disciplines (such as electronic media, print, internet-journalism) under the stewardship of Professor Sanjay Ranade (Department Head) executing news research tasks for MUMBAIVOTES.COM as part of their academic curriculum.RUIA COLLEGE – BACHELORS IN MASS MEDIA (BMM) PROGRAMME Third and Fourth Year students under the mentorship of Professor Sneha Shubhedar executing news research tasks for MUMBAIVOTES.COM as part of their academic curriculum.KC COLLEGE – BACHELORS IN MASS MEDIA (BMM) PROGRAMME First and Third Year students under the mentorship of Professor Manjula Srinivas executing news research tasks for MUMBAIVOTES.COM as part of their academic curriculum.
Academic Partner InstitutionsNMIMS – MASTERS IN BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION (MBA) PROGRAMME First and Last Year students belonging to various disciplines under the stewardship of Professor Meena Gallaria (Head of Social Responsibility Forum) executing Research and Analysis tasks for MUMBAIVOTES.COM as part of their Academic RequirementsXAVIERS COLLEGE – SOCIAL IMPROVMENT PROGRAMME (SIP) Undergraduate Program students executing 60-hours of Research and Analysis tasks for MUMBAIVOTES.COM as part of their Academic Requirements
Civic-Group Partner InstitutionsAGNI - Mumbai An autonomous non-profit institution actively involved in catalyzing initiatives and programs to drastically improve the quality of governance delivered to citizens of India. AGNI will assist in spreading awareness about the INFORMED MUMBAI VOTER PROJECT (MUMBAIVOTES.COM) through its vast and penetrative network that interacts with a large proportion of residents groups and ALM’s in Mumbai.KARMAYOG – Mumbai A citizens initiative that promotes/facilitates causes spanning the entire-spectrum of NGO’s and citizens groups in Mumbai through their portal: www.karmayog.org. KARMAYOG will assist in spreading awareness about the INFORMED MUMBAI VOTER PROJECT (MUMBAIVOTES.COM) through its vast and penetrative network that interacts with a large proportion of residents groups and ALM’s in Mumbai.
Civic-Group Partner InstitutionsJANAAGRAHA - Bangalore MumbaiVotes provides election candidate profiles and other relevant information related to candidates for upcoming elections to registrants/members that sign-up with the ‘JAAGO RE’ campaign.Parliamentary Research Services – New Delhi Data-sharing partnership for legislative records of Elected MPs; Research methodology mentorship provided by Parliamentary and Legislative Procedure experts in the PRS TeamProjectCleanup - Bangalore Elected Representative performance analysis expertise and research methodology mentorship provided by MumbaiVotes for backend design of this open-source wiki-based civic empowerment tool/portal
Expert PanelDr. Aloke Thakore MumbaiVotes provides election candidate profiles and other relevant information related to candidates for upcoming elections to registrants/members that sign-up with the ‘JAAGO RE’ campaign.Dr. Uttara Sahasrabuddhe Data-sharing partnership for legislative records of Elected MPs; Research methodology
MumbaiVotes as a Not-for-Profit Organization MumbaiVotes is entirely insulated from any commercialinterests.All research work will be conducted by students (for academiccredit at their respective colleges/institutions) and the coremanagement team in adherance with the expert approvedmethodology available @ MumbaiVotes.comFunding for creating public awareness / media-campaign inthe run-up to the elections will rely on voluntary donationsfrom citizens of Mumbai and voluntary support from mediainstitutions.