Basic definitions in teaching pronunciation (Part 1)

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Basic definitions to raise awareness about teaching pronunciation. Includes vowels and consonant tables

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Basic definitions in teaching pronunciation (Part 1)

  1. 1. M.Ed. Maria Luisa Mu
  2. 2. When I hear English… 3) a I can hear a cat purring 1) a I think of the sea b I can hear the rain b I think of a bridge c I think of a plane d I think of a raft 2) a I can taste cake b I can taste chocolate c I can taste salt d I can taste sand c I can hear footsteps in the hall d I can hear a police siren 4) a I feel excited b I feel worried c I feel puzzled d I feel tired
  3. 3. sounds rhythm word stress phonemic script strong and weak forms What is pronunciation? sentence stress intonation spelling
  4. 4. Phonetics and Phonology  Phonetics the study of sounds and the human voice Phonology the study of sound systems and sound units (e.g. phonemes)
  5. 5. Phoneme  It is a contrastive unit in the sound system of a particular language Minimal pairs show how the sound difference determines a change of meaning
  6. 6. Articulation of the English sounds  - Voicing - Place of articulation - Manner of articulation
  7. 7. Voicing   When the vocal chords vibrate during the utterance of the sound
  8. 8. Place of Articulation  The point within the vocal cavity where the articulatory elements come together to articulate a sound.
  9. 9. Places of articulation within the vocal cavity 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. Exolabial Endolabial Dental Alveolar Post alveolar Pre palatal Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal Epiglottal Radical Posterodorsal Anterodorsal Laminal Apical Subapical 
  10. 10. Manner of Articulation  the sound is The way or manner in which articulated. It consists of 3 broad categories Stops–where the flow of air is completely stopped when producing a sound, e.g /p/ Fricatives–where the flow of air involves friction, e.g. /f/ Affricates--where a sound begins like a stop but then continues as a fricative, e.g. /tS/

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