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CHIMBORAZO NATIONAL
UNIVERSITY
INSTITUTO DE POSGRADO
MAESTRÍA EN LINGÜÍSTICA APLICADA AL
APRENDIZAJE DEL INGLÉS
CALL
Rioba...
DEFINING THE PASSIVE VOICE
PISSIVE VOICE
The object take place of the subject, and we use the auxiliary be (am
,is, are to...
The passive voice is used when focusing on the person or
thing affected by an action.
•The Passive is formed: Passive Subj...
The following chart includes sentences changed from the
active to the passive in the principal tenses:
Active Passive
Time...
So when is it OK to use the passive?
To emphasize an object:
X number of votes are required to pass
the bill.
To de-emphas...
Active and Passive Voice
Active Voice
In sentences written in active voice, the subject performs the action expressed in
t...
Passive Voice
In sentences written in passive voice, the subject receives the action
expressed in the verb; the subject is...
DEFINING THE PASSIVE
VOICE
•PASSIVE VOICE
The object takes place of the subject, and we use the
auxiliary be (am, is, are together with the past part...
PASSIVE ACTIVE
•Your bicycle has been
damaget.
(agent omitted)
•I have damaget your bicycle
•Action on the bill is being
c...
CHANGING PASSIVE TO ACTIVE
If you want to change a passive-voice sentence to
active voice, find the agent in a "by the..."...
PASSIVE VOICE AGENT CHANGET TO ACTIVE
VOICE
The book is being read by
most of the class
Most of the class Most of the clas...
ACTIVE PASSIVE
The dispatcher is notifying police that
three prisoners have escaped
Police are being notified that three
p...
PASSIVE FORM
• Ballet is danced in
theaters.
• Is ballet danced in
theaters?
ACTIVE FORM
• They dance ballet in
theaters.
...
PRESENT CONTINUOUS
ACTIVE FORM
• They are dancing
ballet this week.
PASSIVE FORM
• Ballet is being danced
this week.
• Is ...
PRESENT PERFECT
ACTIVE FORM
• They have danced
ballet for many years
PASSIVE FORM
• Ballet has been
danced for many
years....
SIMPLE PAST
ACTIVE FORM
• They danced ballet last
year.
PASSIVE FORM
• Ballet was danced last
year.
• Was Ballet danced la...
PAST CONTINUOUS
ACTIVE FORM
• They were dancing
ballet when I started
school.
PASSIVE FORM
• Ballet was being
danced when ...
FUTURE
ACTIVE FORM
• They will dance ballet
next year.
• They are going to
dance ballet next year.
PASSIVE FORM
• Ballet w...
FUTURE
ACTIVE FORM
• They will dance ballet
next year.
• They are going to
dance ballet next year.
PASSIVE FORM
• Ballet w...
Passive voice
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Passive voice

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Passive voice

  1. 1. CHIMBORAZO NATIONAL UNIVERSITY INSTITUTO DE POSGRADO MAESTRÍA EN LINGÜÍSTICA APLICADA AL APRENDIZAJE DEL INGLÉS CALL Riobamba - 2013
  2. 2. DEFINING THE PASSIVE VOICE PISSIVE VOICE The object take place of the subject, and we use the auxiliary be (am ,is, are together with the past participle of the main verb. Example The meal is prepared by Mary ACTIVE VOICE Normally, the subject is the performer of the action expressed by the verb. Example: Subject Verb Object Mary prepares the meal The passive voice is used when focusing on the person or thing affected by an action
  3. 3. The passive voice is used when focusing on the person or thing affected by an action. •The Passive is formed: Passive Subject To Be Past Particple •It is often used in business and in other areas where the object of the action is more important than those who perform the action. For Example: We have produced over 20 different models in the past two years. Changes to: Over 20 different models have been produced in the past two years. •If the agent (the performer of the action) is important, use "by" For Example: Tim Wilson wrote "The Flight to Brunnswick" in 1987. Changes to:"The Flight to Brunnswick" was written in 1987 by Tim Wilson. •Only verbs that take an object can be used in the passive.
  4. 4. The following chart includes sentences changed from the active to the passive in the principal tenses: Active Passive Time Referenc e They make bread in the oven. The bred is made in the oven. Present Simple Susan is cooking dinner. Dinner is being cooked by Susan Present Continuo us James Joyce wrote "Dubliners". "Dubliners" was written by James Joyces. Past Simple They were painting the house when I arrived. The house was being painted when I arrived. Past Continuo us They have produced over 20 models in the past two years. Over 20 models have been produced in the past two years. Present Perfect They are going to build a new factory in Portland. A new factory is going to be built in Portland. Future Intention with Going to I will finish it tomorrow. It will be finished tomorrow. Future Simple
  5. 5. So when is it OK to use the passive? To emphasize an object: X number of votes are required to pass the bill. To de-emphasize an unknown subject/actor. Over 120 different contaminants have been dumped into the river.
  6. 6. Active and Passive Voice Active Voice In sentences written in active voice, the subject performs the action expressed in the verb; the subject acts.
  7. 7. Passive Voice In sentences written in passive voice, the subject receives the action expressed in the verb; the subject is acted upon. The agent performing the action may appear in a "by the . . ." phrase or may be omitted.
  8. 8. DEFINING THE PASSIVE VOICE
  9. 9. •PASSIVE VOICE The object takes place of the subject, and we use the auxiliary be (am, is, are together with the past participle of the main verb. Example: The meal is prepared by Mary. •ACTIVE VOICE Normally, the subject is the performer of the action expressed by the verb. Example: Subject Verb Object Mary prepares the meal
  10. 10. PASSIVE ACTIVE •Your bicycle has been damaget. (agent omitted) •I have damaget your bicycle •Action on the bill is being considered by the committes •The committee is considering action on the bill
  11. 11. CHANGING PASSIVE TO ACTIVE If you want to change a passive-voice sentence to active voice, find the agent in a "by the..." phrase, or consider carefully who or what is performing the action expressed in the verb. Make that agent the subject of the sentence, and change the verb accordingly. Sometimes you will need to infer the agent from the surrounding sentences which provide context.
  12. 12. PASSIVE VOICE AGENT CHANGET TO ACTIVE VOICE The book is being read by most of the class Most of the class Most of the class is reading the blok by? Mistakes were made Agent not specified; most likely agents such as “we” We made mistakes
  13. 13. ACTIVE PASSIVE The dispatcher is notifying police that three prisoners have escaped Police are being notified that three prisioners have escaped El remitente está notificando a la policía que tres personas han escapado La policía está siendo notificando que tres personas han escapado
  14. 14. PASSIVE FORM • Ballet is danced in theaters. • Is ballet danced in theaters? ACTIVE FORM • They dance ballet in theaters. SIMPLE PRESENT
  15. 15. PRESENT CONTINUOUS ACTIVE FORM • They are dancing ballet this week. PASSIVE FORM • Ballet is being danced this week. • Is ballet being danced this week?
  16. 16. PRESENT PERFECT ACTIVE FORM • They have danced ballet for many years PASSIVE FORM • Ballet has been danced for many years. • Has bllet been danced for many years?
  17. 17. SIMPLE PAST ACTIVE FORM • They danced ballet last year. PASSIVE FORM • Ballet was danced last year. • Was Ballet danced last year?
  18. 18. PAST CONTINUOUS ACTIVE FORM • They were dancing ballet when I started school. PASSIVE FORM • Ballet was being danced when I started school. • Was ballet being danced when I started school?
  19. 19. FUTURE ACTIVE FORM • They will dance ballet next year. • They are going to dance ballet next year. PASSIVE FORM • Ballet will be dance next year • Will be ballet danced next year? • Ballet is going to be danced next year. • Is ballet going to be danced next year?
  20. 20. FUTURE ACTIVE FORM • They will dance ballet next year. • They are going to dance ballet next year. PASSIVE FORM • Ballet will be dance next year • Will be ballet danced next year? • Ballet is going to be danced next year. • Is ballet going to be danced next year?

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