Successfully reported this slideshow.
Khuthadzo mulaudzi
201232972
professional studies
Business studies
Departments in a
business
1. Human Resources
• The department within a business that is responsible for the
employees within a company.
• Hiring and...
2. Marketing and Sales
• Responsible for selling the companies products and maintaining the
relationship with the customer...
3. Accounting
• Money, money, money.
• The measurement and reporting of all things relating to the money within a
business...
4. Departments
• We shall now take a look at the organisation inside a
company or business.
• The business can be broken d...
1. Centralisation and Decentralisation

• In centralized organizations the top management makes all the key
decisions.

•
...
2. Span of Control

• Span of control is the number of subordinates in an organisation who are
supervised by managers.

•
...
3. Formalisation

• Formalization is the degree to which jobs within an organization are
standardized.

•

On highly forma...
4. Departmentalisation

•

In departmentalisation jobs are grouped together so that common tasks
can be coordinated.
What is an Organisation Chart?

• An Organisation Chart is used to show the structure of a business.
• An example is shown...
What does an Organisation Chart Show?
The management structure of the organisation.
The relationship between departments...
Who would use an Organisation Chart?

Visitors to an Organisation
New members of staff
Receptionist
Organisation Chart – Example
An Organisation Chart
will also show all of
the positions of
employee’s within the
Organisati...
There are 2 main types of Organisational

TALL
FLAT
Tall Organisations
M.D.

Team Leader

Many levels of management
Managers has a narrow Span of Control.

Production Manag...
Flat organization

Fewer levels of management
Managers have a wider Span of Control.
M.D.

ProductionManager

Assistant
Advantages and disadvantages of flat
organization
advantages
 Employees have more responsibility making
them feel more mo...
Business Organisation
• Organisation by type
• Global businesses – complex organisation structures
• National – organisati...
Lines of Communication
Managing Director
The Chain of Command shown opposite is
Managing Director
Finance Manager
Accou...
Service Businesses
Components of e-Business Models
Business Model
-Customer value
- Scope
- Price
- Resources
- Capabilities
- Implementation...
Reference
• http://www.slideshare.net/KirstyTrezise/organisational-structures
• http://www.slideshare.net/kevindias/organi...
END

•THANK YOU
Khuthadzo mulaudzi
Khuthadzo mulaudzi
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Khuthadzo mulaudzi

378 views

Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Khuthadzo mulaudzi

  1. 1. Khuthadzo mulaudzi 201232972 professional studies Business studies
  2. 2. Departments in a business
  3. 3. 1. Human Resources • The department within a business that is responsible for the employees within a company. • Hiring and firing of employees. • Training of new and existing employees. • Dealing and helping with any employees problems such as illness.
  4. 4. 2. Marketing and Sales • Responsible for selling the companies products and maintaining the relationship with the customer. Through: Marketing – Promoting a companies product, advertising, getting people interested in a product.
  5. 5. 3. Accounting • Money, money, money. • The measurement and reporting of all things relating to the money within a business. • Responsibilities include raising money to start a business, paying taxes on time and paying for goods, services or wages. • Any action concerning the finance within a business must be recorded and stored by the accounting department. finance - the management of money the money required to start and run a business
  6. 6. 4. Departments • We shall now take a look at the organisation inside a company or business. • The business can be broken down into separate departments that each provide a separate yet important function.
  7. 7. 1. Centralisation and Decentralisation • In centralized organizations the top management makes all the key decisions. • In decentralized organization the lower-level personnel have a greater say in decision making.
  8. 8. 2. Span of Control • Span of control is the number of subordinates in an organisation who are supervised by managers. • The span of control determines the number of levels and managers in an organisation.
  9. 9. 3. Formalisation • Formalization is the degree to which jobs within an organization are standardized. • On highly formalized jobs employees are merely expected to follow rules and instructions laid down without much or any freedom.
  10. 10. 4. Departmentalisation • In departmentalisation jobs are grouped together so that common tasks can be coordinated.
  11. 11. What is an Organisation Chart? • An Organisation Chart is used to show the structure of a business. • An example is shown below: Mr Smith Managing Director Miss Jones Finance Manager Miss Murphy Sales Manager Miss Simpson Purchases Manager Mr Spacey Human Resources Manager Mr McPherson Accounts Assistant Miss Jackson Marketing Assistant Miss Brown Buyer Mr Philip Training Officer
  12. 12. What does an Organisation Chart Show? The management structure of the organisation. The relationship between departments. The reporting structure of the organisation. The Span of Control: The number of staff a manager has the responsibility for.
  13. 13. Who would use an Organisation Chart? Visitors to an Organisation New members of staff Receptionist
  14. 14. Organisation Chart – Example An Organisation Chart will also show all of the positions of employee’s within the Organisation. It will give their names, position, room numbers, telephone extension and often a photograph Mr Smith Managing Director Room: 101 Ext: 007
  15. 15. There are 2 main types of Organisational TALL FLAT
  16. 16. Tall Organisations M.D. Team Leader Many levels of management Managers has a narrow Span of Control. Production Manager Office Manager Office Junior
  17. 17. Flat organization Fewer levels of management Managers have a wider Span of Control. M.D. ProductionManager Assistant
  18. 18. Advantages and disadvantages of flat organization advantages  Employees have more responsibility making them feel more motivated.  Employees are involved in decision making.  More efficient communication as there are less levels of management. disadvantages  Increased workload for employees can cause stress.  Fewer management opportunities.  Wider responsibilities may require additional training which can be costly.
  19. 19. Business Organisation • Organisation by type • Global businesses – complex organisation structures • National – organisation possibly stretches throughout the country • Regional – could be through a county or wider area (North West, South East, etc.) • Local – small organisations serving local area or community
  20. 20. Lines of Communication Managing Director The Chain of Command shown opposite is Managing Director Finance Manager Accounts Assistant. Finance Manager Accounts Assistant
  21. 21. Service Businesses
  22. 22. Components of e-Business Models Business Model -Customer value - Scope - Price - Resources - Capabilities - Implementations Internet Performance Environment
  23. 23. Reference • http://www.slideshare.net/KirstyTrezise/organisational-structures • http://www.slideshare.net/kevindias/organisation-1379877 • http://www.slideshare.net/missdunlop1/unit-1a • http://www.slideshare.net/Satree/m4-business-lesson-1?qid=d034ea0582d4-450a-9c30-b1a924e55e08&v=default&b=&from_search=6 • http://www.slideshare.net/kaiser2009/e-businessmodels-ppt
  24. 24. END •THANK YOU

×