Transaction analysis


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Transaction analysis

  2. 2. Transactional Analysis is a social psychology and a method toimprove communication. The theory outlines how we havedeveloped and treat ourselves, how we relate andcommunicate with others, and offers suggestions andinterventions which will enable us to change and grow.Transactional Analysis is underpinned by the philosophythat: people can change we all have a right to be in the world and be accepted
  3. 3.  Our minds tend to focus on the negative and so this encourages failure. For example, how many times do we look round when someone says to us "Dont look now but......." , the same is true when we set up contracts which start "I dont want to do .............. anymore". look the balloons…….
  4. 4. Our psychological contractshould be Measurable,Manageable and Motivational.
  5. 5. Then at first we must know the ego states of ourselves
  6. 6. Each transaction / communication should be balanced
  7. 7. Parent Ego state This is a set of feelings, thinking and behaviour that we have copied from our parents and significant others. As we grow up we take in ideas, beliefs, feelings and behaviours from our parents and caretakers. If we live in an extended family then there are more people to learn and take in from. When we do this, it is called introjecting and it is just as if we take in the whole of the care giver.
  8. 8.  The Nurturing Parent is caring and concerned and often may appear as a mother-figure (though men can play it too). They seek to keep the Child contented, offering a safe haven and unconditional love to calm the Childs troubles. The Critical Parent, on the other hand, tries to make the Child do as the parent wants them to do, perhaps transferring values or beliefs or helping the Child to understand and live in society. They may also have negative intent, using the Child as a whipping-boy or worse.
  9. 9. Adult Ego State The Adult ego state is about direct responses to the here and now. We deal with things that are going on today in ways that are not unhealthily influenced by our past. the Adult in us is the grown up rational person who talks reasonably and assertively, neither trying to control nor reacting aggressively towards others. The Adult is comfortable with themself and is, for many of us, our ideal self.
  10. 10. Child Ego State The Natural Child is largely un-self-aware and is characterized by the non-speech noises they make (yahoo, whee, etc.). They like playing and are open and vulnerable. The cutely-named Little Professor is the curious and exploring Child who is always trying out new stuff (often much to their Controlling Parents annoyance). Together with the Natural Child they make up the Free Child. The Adaptive Child reacts to the world around them, either changing themselves to fit in or rebelling against the forces they feel.
  11. 11. Rational communication is Adult to Adult