Desmond Tutu, Nobel Peace Prize 1984 “ If you change the names, the description of what is happening in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank would be a description of what is happening in South Africa.” Protesting the Taking of land Do you think of this man?
“ When Israel does occupy this territory deep within the West Bank, and connects the 200-or-so settlements with each other, with a road, and then prohibits the Palestinians from using that road, or in many cases even crossing the road, this perpetrates even worse instances of apartness, or apartheid, than we witnessed even in South Africa." Jimmy Carter, Nobel Peace Prize 2002
In 1973, the UN General Assembly adopted the International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid, a crime against humanity. The word ‘Apartheid’ means separation., ‘Apartheid’ is defined by the UN as “…a system of institutionalized racial segregation and discrimination for the purpose of establishing and maintaining domination by one racial group … over another … and systematically oppressing them…” by: creating ghettos; land confiscation; bans on freedom of movement, speech assemblies and mixed marriages; illegal arrest and detention.
“… . injustice and gross human rights violations were being perpetrated in Palestine. In the same period the UN took a strong stand against apartheid; ….which helped to bring an end to this iniquitous system. But we know too well that our freedom is incomplete without the freedom of the Palestinians." Nobel Peace Prize 1993 Above: Guard tower Hebron
<ul><li>Palestinians are ghettoized on 12% of their original land. </li></ul><ul><li>Apartheid is where citizens are given citizenship in a small isolated canton so they have no rights in the country as a whole. </li></ul><ul><li>The West Bank is divided up into 70 isolated cantons with no physical movement between them without Israeli permission. </li></ul><ul><li> This disposition is reminiscent of Apartheid in South Africa, which set aside 13% of the land as "Bantustan" homelands for black South Africans. </li></ul>Two systems: separate and unequal
<ul><li>Economic strangulation and starvation </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty West Bank 57% (79% in Gaza Strip) </li></ul><ul><li>46 % don’t have enough food to meet their needs 1Milllion live on less than 50 cents per/day </li></ul><ul><li>UN-OCAH, 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Brutality of occupation </li></ul><ul><li>Between 2000-2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Palestinians Killed by Israeli security forces 4792 </li></ul><ul><li>Israelis killed by Palestinians 490 </li></ul><ul><li>Palestinians killed during the course of a targeted killing 386 </li></ul><ul><li>B’Tselem </li></ul>Apartheid means the entire political, legal and economic system is designed to enforce the privilege of one group over another. <ul><li>Water resources stolen </li></ul><ul><li>The Israeli military authority controls virtually all the water in the West Bank. 73% of West Bank water is piped back to Israel. </li></ul><ul><li>Palestinians have access to only 17% of their own water and must buy it from Israel at 4 times the price Israelis pay. </li></ul>
Children killed 2000-2008 Israeli 39 Palestinian 1200 Just getting to school can be a hardship 30% of Palestinian children in Gaza and the West bank are malnourished 50% are anemic. (UNICEF and USAID) 4000 Palestinian children have been arrested since the year 2000. They can be held 6 month without charge. Since 2000, 269 schools have been damaged as a result of shelling the Israeli Army
West Bank (5,600 km 2 ) (2,160 mi 2 ) Palestinian Built-up areas in the West Bank pop. 2,444,500 PCBS 2006 149 Israeli settlements, 96 outposts (1,006km 2 ) (71 mi 2 ) pop. 450,000 In 2006 (As of March 2007) Checkpoints Trenches Road gates Roadblocks Earthmounds Flying checkpoints Road barriers Please wait while slide is loading . The control matrix of Apartheid : bans on freedom of movement, so one population remains isolated with few rights Miles 0 10 5
From UN OCHAH 2008 Bans on freedom of movement for Palestinians. No bans for Israelis. TOTAL (23 October 2007) 562 Earthmounds A mound of rubble, dirt and/or rocks used to obstruct vehicle access. 211 Checkpoints A barrier manned by IDF and/or Border Police. 69 33.5 km Trenches A ditch used to prevent vehicle crossing. 17 Road Gates A metal gate, often manned by IDF, used to control movement along roads. 84 Roadblocks A series of 1 metre high concrete blocks used to obstruct vehicle access. 67 Earth Walls A continuous wall or series of earth mounds used to restrict access. 28 14.5 km Partial Checkpoints An established checkpoint operating periodically. 19 Road barriers Road barriers placed alongside major roads prevent movement across the roads. 67 123.3 km
Objection to the Barrier based on its route – not the Barrier itself. “ The construction of the wall being built by Israel... in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including in and around East Jerusalem... [is] contrary to international law. Israel is under obligation... to dismantle forthwith the structure... [and] make reparation for all damage caused...” International Court of Justice advisory opinion, July 9, 2004 The wall fragments Palestinian communities : it separates families from their land, their livelihood, health care and schools. The wall also divides communities and families from each other. The wall does not fragment Israeli settlements; it is built in such a way to as to annex them to Israel proper.
Green Line West Bank Barrier Constructed Planned Palestinian Built-up Israeli Settlements Barrier Gates No Access for Palestinians Restricted Access for Palestinians Seasonal Access for Palestinians (As of Nov 2006) Please wait while slide is loading Please click here to activate optional layers Habla Tunnel Road 55 IKONOS imagery Jan 2004 Settlement expansion Jayyus’ Land Water wells Miles 0 2 1 55 Alfe Menashe Settlement
Areas A and B (Oslo Accords) 149 Israeli settlements, 96 outpost and land cultivated by Israelis Israeli military closed areas and 27 military bases Nature Reserves West Bank Barrier and Areas between the Barrier and the Green Line Roads primarily used b y the settlers Closures The effect of the closures Fragmentation of the West Bank Checkpoints Tunnels (As of March 2007) Please wait while slide is loading Miles 0 10 5
<ul><li>Even the former Prime Minister of Israel. Ehud Olmert . said failure of the peace process will sink Israel in a South Africa apartheid struggle. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>"If the day comes when the two-state solution collapses, and we face a South African-style struggle for equal voting rights (also for the Palestinians in the territories), then, as soon as that happens, the State of Israel is finished," Prime Minister Ehud Olmert told Haaretz . November 29, 2007 Who is this Man?
Palestinian child in Raffa after home bull dozed in 2002. B” Tselem 2007, East Jerusalem Two Systems Separate and Unequal Palestinian villages and towns face collective punishment in the form of bulldozing family houses, extended 24 hour curfews, road closures, military raids, violence and harassment. Israeli settlers face no such collective punishment . T here have been over 18,000 house demolitions in the Occupied Territories, including East Jerusalem, since 1967. There has been no widespread destruction of Jewish Israeli homes.
Two Systems Separate and Unequal Item tree’s In 2001, Israeli Defense Minister Shaul Mofaz declared, “The D-9 is a strategic weapon ”
The permit system for the Closed Zone is administered in an arbitrary and humiliating manner…This system, which subjects Palestinian freedom of movement to the whim of the Occupying Power, creates anger, anxiety and humiliation among the population.“ (UNHCHR) Palestinians face widespread curfews. For example, in 2002 through 2003 there were more than 500 days of curfew in Hebron. It would be lifted every few days for two or three hours so people could get food. There was one stretch of over 180 consecutive days . Israeli setters face no such curfews . In Hebron separate sidewalks exist for Israelis and Palestinians.
Settler throwing stones at Palestinians during olive harvest. Israeli soldiers are prohibited from Intervening . While Palestinians live under brutal occupation with water shortages, Israeli settler live in luxury right next door. Settlement of Ariel outside Jerusalem Palestinians are under Military Law . They face the constant threat of arrest and detention without charge and can be held indefinitely. They have no right to representation or trial. Israelis living in illegal settlements on Palestinian land have all the privileges of Israeli Civil Law . As citizens of Israel, they can vote, seek redress in court, and have freedom of speech and assembly. Huwara check point
<ul><li>Palestinians are prohibited from using the extensive </li></ul><ul><li>network of settler only highways that connect the </li></ul><ul><li>settlements to Israel. </li></ul>Map of Israeli only roads and how they connect the settlements to Israel proper. Palestinian cars from the OPT have green license plates. Israeli cars have yellow license plates and can pass right through check points.
<ul><li>Palestinian workers employed in settlement industrial </li></ul><ul><li>zones receive only the sweatshop-like minimum wage </li></ul><ul><li>mandated by Jordanian law in 1967. In the settlements, </li></ul><ul><li>Israeli workers receive all the rights and benefits of Israeli employment law including a much larger minimum-wage </li></ul>Areil settlement industrial zone. There are currently seven industrial zones in the west bank all located on illegally confiscated land. Separating the people from their land.
<ul><li>“ Apartheid was all about land. Apartheid was about keeping the best parts of the country for the whites and sending the blacks to the least habitable, least desirable parts of the country.” </li></ul><ul><li>John Dugard, South African human rights lawyer and UN Special Rapporteur to the Occupied Palestinian Territories </li></ul>Right: Har Homa Settlement on confiscated land in Bethlehem. Nearly 500,000 Israeli Settlers live in the west Bank
The United States and Israel signed a Memorandum of Understanding in August, 2007, committing the U.S. to give Israel $30 billion in military aid over the next decade. Below; US made white phosphorus illegally dropped on UN School in GAZA, 2009 US made tank in Occupied West Bank
<ul><li>“ There is no Zionism, colonization or Jewish State without the eviction of the Arabs and the expropriation of their lands.” </li></ul><ul><li>Ariel Sharon, Nov. 15, 1998 </li></ul>Ethnic cleansing continues inside Israel, Jerusalem and the West Bank. For example the West Bank is zoned agricultural and no building permits are issued except to settlers. If land is not Cultivated for 3 years it is confiscated. Settles throw stones at Palestinians especially during olive harvest to keep them off their land
<ul><li>No protection for minorities in the constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Arab parties have been expelled from the Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Citizenship rights are unequal: Jews have right of return . In 2003, the Law of Citizenship states that even if a Jewish Israeli marries a Palestinian they can not become an Israeli citizen. </li></ul><ul><li>Budgets & Resource Allocation is unequal . Palestinian Arab areas receive substantially less funding for local government (usually only half as much), welfare, school facilities or other education programmers. </li></ul><ul><li>Military Service confers wide social and economic privileges . Jewish Yeshiva students, who don't do military service, are still given the benefits. Palestinian Arab citizens aren't. </li></ul><ul><li>Unrecognized villages . Over 70,000 Palestinian Arab citizens live in these villages </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic cleansing and limiting of growth of Arab communities . There have been no new Arab communities since the creation of Israel and communities such as Jaffa are being ethnically cleansed of Palestinians. Arabs own just two percent of the land, down from 85 percent in 1948. This loss of land has to do mostly with land confiscation that continues to this day. </li></ul>
<ul><li>88 Jerusalemite houses in Al-Bustan neighborhood near to Al-Aqsa mosque will be demolished leaving more than 1500 Jerusalemites homeless without any shelter; such plans reveals the extent of the ongoing Israeli process of shifting Jerusalem to a pure Jewish city since the year 1967. Department of Arab & International Relations /PLO Ramallah- Palestine Feb. 24th, 2009 </li></ul>
<ul><li>No matter what you call it: the over 40 years of occupation of the West Bank and Gaza are ILLEGAL, IMMORAL and UNJUST . </li></ul>
<ul><li>Exports – current number of trucks: </li></ul><ul><li>- AMA target – 400 / day </li></ul><ul><li>- 2007 average – approx. 55 /day </li></ul><ul><li>- Since June 2007 – 0 </li></ul><ul><li>Imports – currently only basic items – food, medicines </li></ul><ul><li>85% industrial / manufacturing sites closed – 75,000 people newly unemployed </li></ul><ul><li>No agricultural planting taking place for export crops </li></ul><ul><li>80% of Gaza families receive assistance, others will soon begin receiving </li></ul><ul><li>Link between Gaza and West Bank needed for economic and social viability – no ‘safe passage’ – no physical ties between the GS and the WB </li></ul>
The Gaza Strip August 2005 21 Settlements ~9,000 Israeli settlers The Gaza Strip 2007 Please wait while slide is loading Access and Movement Data Erez Crossing Point Rafah Crossing Point Karni Crossing Point Miles 0 3 1.5 workers and traders crossing Erez / day Karni: monthly truckloads People crossing Rafah / day
Slide 4 As quoted in NY Times December 24, 1989. Slide 5 Peace Not apartheid. 2007 Slide 6 United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/11.htm Ratifying vote. http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/treaty8_asp.htm Slide 7 Address by President Nelson Mandela at the International day of solidarity with the Palestinian people 1997. http://www.anc.org.za/ancdocs/history/mandela/1997/sp971204b.html Slide 8 International Development Research Center Canada. http://idrinfo.idrc.ca/archive/corpdocs/119922/Word/3-119922-Chapter01.doc 14 http://www.palestinemonitor.org/spip/spip.php?article13 UN OCHO (United Nations Office of the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs) Monitors Check Points in the West Bank. http://www.ochaopt.org Slide 9 Poverty: from Un=OCHA 2008 Soco-Economic Factor in the Occupied Palestinian Territories http://www.ochaopt.org/documents/OCHA_oPt_SocioEconomics_Fact_Sheet_April_2008_English.pdf Fatalities: B’Tselem 2000-2008 http://www.btselem.org/english/Statistics/Casualties.asp Water: B’Tselem Water Crisis 2007 Report. http://www.btselem.org/english/Water/Shared_Sources.asp Slide 10 Palestinian Monitor http://www.palestinemonitor.org/spip/spip.php?article11 Palestinian ministry to prison affairs http://sumoud.tao.ca/?q=node/view/720 Barriers to education fact sheet Birzeit University http://right2edu.birzeit.edu/downloads/pdfs/BarriersFactSheet_2005.pdf Slide 11-15 UN OCHA (United Nations Office of the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs) Power Point Slide 13 (United Nations Office of the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs) Maps theWest Bank and fragmentation of land. http://www.ochaopt.org
Slide 16 Prime Minister Ehud Olmert told Haaretz . November 29, 2007 Slide 17 B’Tselem 2007 Annual report: Human Rights in the Occupied Territories Page 13. www.btselem.org/Download/200712_Annual_Report_eng.doc Human Rights Watch 2004 Briefing to the o the 60th Session of the UN Commission on Human Rights. http://www.hrw.org/english/docs/2004/01/29/isrlpa7482.htm United Nations General Assembly (1984). “Report of the Secretary-General, Living Conditions of the Palestinian People in the Occupied Palestinian Territories.” Retrieved 25 September 2006 from . This is the source for all statistics on demolitions between 1967 and 1982. In the actual report these are listed as punitive demolitions because all demolitions were classified as “Collective Punishment.” According the Human rights watch Collective punishment is a violation of the fourth Geneva convention serious violations of international humanitarian law, including the mistreatment of persons in custody and deliberate attacks on civilians and civilian property, when committed with criminal intent amount to war crimes (HRW June 2008) Israeli Committee Against Home Demolitions: 2007. Article: Demolition Statistics Since 1967. http://www.icahd.org/eng/articles.asp?menu=6&submenu=2&article=402 United Nations Commission on Human Rights 2004 Report: Question of the Violation of Human rights in the Occupied Arab Territories, Including, Palestine. Slide 18 Quote ; Including, ://www.poica.org/editor/case_studies/view.php?recordID=455 Shaul Mofaz Quote rhttp://www.btselem.org/Download/200101_Civilians_Under_Siege_Eng.doc Slide 19 Curfews; http://www.counterpunch.org/lendman01252008.html Permit System quote: UNHCR Commission on Human Rights, Sixtieth Session. http://domino.un.org/UNISPAL.NSF/fd807e46661e3689852570d00069e918/2aa105942bee1a2e85256e67006e6d7b!OpenDocument Slide 20 B’Tselem 2007 Annual report: Human Rights in the Occupied Territories Page 33. www.btselem.org/Download/200712_Annual_Report_eng.doc Infastructure in the West Bank, July 2007. http://www.ochaopt.org/ /
Slide 21 B'Tselem, "Forbidden Roads: The Discriminatory West Bank Road Regime," August 2004. Slide 22 Cementing Israeli Apartheid: The Role of World Bank. http://contradictme.wordpress.com/the-world-bank-funds-israel- palestine-wall Also: ( Kav L’Oved, Israeli workers rights organization Slide 23 UN OCHA The Humanitarian Impact on Palestinians of Israeli settlements and other Slide 24 Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs Document http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/About+the+Ministry/MFA+Spokesman/2007/Signing%20of%20Memorandum%20of%20Understanding%20between%20Israel%20and%20the%20United%20States%2016-Aug-2007 Slide 25 Sharon Quote: http://mideastfacts.org/facts/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=42&Itemid=27 Peace Now 2008-09 Report http://www.peacenow.org.il/site/en/peace.asp?pi=61&fld=495&docid=3497 Badil: Ongoing Nakba http://www.badil.org/al-majdal/2008/autumn-winter/majdal39-40.pdf Slide 26 Fact sheet Interfaith peace Initiative http://www.interfaithpeaceinitiative.com/ApartheidDiscussion.htm Badil: Ongoing Nakba http://www.badil.org/al-majdal/2008/autumn-winter/majdal39-40.pdf Slide 29 and 31 UN OCHA (United Nations Office of the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs) Power Point