Ignition timing


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Ignition timing

  1. 1. 1/11/20111M J MUJAWAR 09422407060
  2. 2. 1/11/2011M J MUJAWAR 09422407060 2 ignition-system.swf
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  14. 14. Ignition System This animation also illustrates a simple ignition system using breaker points, coil, condenser, and battery. A number of visitors have written to point out a problem with the breaker points in my illustration. In this style ignition circuit, the spark plug will fire just as the breaker points open. The illustration appears to have this backwards. In fact, the illustration is correct; it just moves so fast it's difficult to see! Here's a close-up of the frames just at the point the plug fires: 1/11/201114M J MUJAWAR 09422407060
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  21. 21. Figure 6. The ignition system The ignition system (Figure 6) produces a high-voltage electrical charge and transmits it to the spark plugs via ignition wires. The charge first flows to a distributor, which you can easily find under the hood of most cars. The distributor has one wire going in the center and four, six, or eight wires (depending on the number of cylinders) coming out of it. These ignition wires send the charge to each spark plug. The engine is timed so that only one cylinder receives a spark from the distributor at a time. This approach provides maximum smoothness. See How Automobile Ignition Systems Work for more details. Your browser does not support JavaScript or it is disabled. We'll look at how your car's engine starts, cools and circulates air in the next section. 1/11/201121M J MUJAWAR 09422407060
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  23. 23. Electronic ignition 1/11/201123M J MUJAWAR 09422407060
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  25. 25. The disadvantage of the mechanical system is the use of breaker points to interrupt the low- voltage high-current through the primary winding of the coil; the points are subject to mechanical wear where they ride the cam to open and shut, as well as oxidation and burning at the contact surfaces from the constant sparking. They require regular adjustment to compensate for wear, and the opening of the contact breakers, which is responsible for spark timing, is subject to mechanical variations. In addition, the spark voltage is also dependent on contact effectiveness, and poor sparking can lead to lower engine efficiency. A mechanical contact breaker system cannot control an average ignition current of more than about 3 A while still giving a reasonable service life, and this may limit the power of the spark and ultimate engine speed 1/11/201125M J MUJAWAR 09422407060
  26. 26. Electronic ignition (EI) solves these problems. In the initial systems, points were still used but they handled only a low current which was used to control the high primary current through a solid state switching system. Soon, however, even these contact breaker points were replaced by an angular sensor of some kind - either optical, where a vaned rotor breaks a light beam, or more commonly using a Hall effect sensor, which responds to a rotating magnet mounted on the distributor shaft. The sensor output is shaped and processed by suitable circuitry, then used to trigger a switching device such as a thyristor, which switches a large current through the coil 1/11/201126M J MUJAWAR 09422407060
  27. 27. Digital Electronic Ignitions At the turn of the century digital electronic ignition modules became available for small engines on such applications as chainsaws, string trimmers, leaf blowers, and lawn mowers. This was made possible by low cost, high speed, and small footprint microcontrollers. Digital electronic ignition modules can be designed as either capacitor discharge ignition (CDI) or inductive discharge ignition (IDI) systems. Capacitive discharge digital ignitions store charged energy for the spark in a capacitor within the module that can be released to the spark plug at virtually any time throughout the engine cycle via a control signal from the microprocessor. This allows for greater timing flexibility, and engine performance; especially when designed hand-in-hand with the engine carburetor. 1/11/201127M J MUJAWAR 09422407060
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