RCSI Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland Coláiste Ríoga na Máinleá in Éirinn
eLearning: Technologies & pedagogies
Muireann O‟Keeffe, Nov 2013
MSc in Leadership in Health Professions
Today, we will explore:
Changing educational paradigms
Challenges in higher education
Key trends in technology enhanced learning
Digital literacy & wisdom
• Enhancing learning with technology – tools to consider
Lord Puttnam: Digital Champion for Ireland
“Thinking digital in all aspects of
policy, business, and daily citizen
activity, presents huge
….for efficiency and
….……to help unlock the
extraordinary creative potential that
exists in this country”
….Calls on teachers to be
How do you use technology for learning?
• What is “The Role of Technology in Teaching and the
Classroom” in the 21st century? (Prensky, 2011)
What devices do you most use?
In my use of technology I consider myself a
A. Power user
B. Ordinary user
C. Irregular user
D. Basic user
Take note of questions posed in this video. What is your opinion or answer to
This video lists issues that we need to address in the information age. Do these
issues resonate with you?
In your groups discuss how, as educators, we can deal with questions and
issues raised here?
What does the digital age mean for learning?
New forms of learning:
Challenges for Higher Education
Massification – 250,000,000 students by 2025
Increased learner audiences (personal, informal, formal)
More supports for students
– Fixed costs for preparation – content
– Variable costs for feedback and guidance
• Innovative curriculum design
• Academics need to be „digital‟ learning designers
Diana Laurillard, London Knowledge Lab
Education as delivery or education as
Key Trends: Horizon Report 2013
What do you think the key trends for technology enhanced
My Educational Philosophy
What are my values as an educator?
How can technology enable participative and active ways of learning for my students?
As educators and life long learners what can technology offer me?
As educators how do we support our learners within this digital environment?
As educators how do we design curriculum and teaching methods to enable active learning?
How are we learning from our students?
Challenges: Managing Information Overload
• How do we manage information
• Filtering of quality information
• Involvement in medical social
networks in fields of interest
• Crowd sourcing clinical questions
in correct fields/communities
• Knowing the communities
• Trust is fundamental, established
• Need to learn about digital
wisdom in our
within the 21st century
Image: Steve Wheeler Slideshare
New skills are needed
• Digital professionalism
• Digital literacy
• Online identity
• For educators and for
Academic integrity & plagiarism
………the practice of taking someone else's work or ideas
and passing them off as one's own……….
technology supporting learning
SOME TOOLS AND IDEAS
• Within your professional area - What are the
opportunities for learning that can be enabled by
• As an educator what are the challenges you experience?
Can technology help?
Online Learning Content
• Open educational resources (OERS)
• Reusable learning objects
– NDLR, MIT open courseware, Jorum, OER Commons
– Coursera, Edx, Udacity
– European Commission Open Up Education
– FutureLearn UK
Provide feedback on how I might have created a flipped classroom
Student as producer
• “It’s not what teachers do, but what students do, that
is the focus here”
• Seymour Papert – “I am convinced that the best
learning takes place when the learner takes charge”
• Learning cannot be transmitted by direct
instruction….understanding happens through activities
learner engages in is created by learner activity
Podcasts & pedagogy
Podcast guest lecturers
Record feedback to students.
Students create podcasts for project work.
iPods to help teach X-ray techniques at university
Benefits to Large groups
Peer learning - Peer instruction
Results generate discussion
• What is a wiki?
• Group work
• Facilitates collaboration and sharing between
• Puts the learners in control (Student centred
• Creation of dynamic web content
• Enables peer review
Free wiki tool: www.pbworks.com/
Benefits of a Discussion Forum
• Extend the classroom
• Enrich discussion and acknowledge thoughtful ideas by
referring to postings in class
• Continuous assessment
• Provide quieter students with an outlet for sharing ideas.
• Students may learn how to value revision when they receive
comments on their writing from their peers
• Student exposure to different perspectives
• Students have the flexibility to reflect on their thoughts and
read the responses of others
Gaming & Simulation
• Serious games
• Educational game-thinking, principal intent not
amusement or pleasure, express goal of improving
• 2010 survey of 2 medical schools, students responded
they would use serious games under the following
• 97% if game is fun
• 77% if helped to accomplish an important goal
• 90% if helped to develop skills in patient interactions
What is Social Media?
Website that allows social
Communities of people who
Bottom up approach to
collaboration rather that top
Web-based and mobile
technologies to turn
communication into interactive
Web 2.0 refers to interactions on
social media to encourage
participation, collaboration and
Twitter - Why I use it
Ranked as Top tool for learning (http://c4lpt.co.uk/top100tools/)
Tool to support my professional development
I share and collect information relating to my discipline via twitter
Conferences: continues dialogue, commentary and networking,
Support mechanism for my studies & research