Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

War and peace

3,377 views

Published on

Published in: Education, News & Politics
  • Be the first to comment

War and peace

  1. 1. War andWar and PeacePeace
  2. 2. Group MembersGroup Members  Muhammad Talha Javed (04)Muhammad Talha Javed (04)  Muhammad Nazim Ali (22)Muhammad Nazim Ali (22)  Muhammad Waqar Ahmed (39)Muhammad Waqar Ahmed (39)  Muhammad Atif (08)Muhammad Atif (08)
  3. 3. Why do people go at warWhy do people go at war  GreedGreed  Human RightsHuman Rights  ReligionReligion  ProtectionProtection  Radical ViewsRadical Views  Access to resourcesAccess to resources  Access to sea portsAccess to sea ports   
  4. 4. The criteria set out for the justThe criteria set out for the just war include –war include –  The cause must be just.The cause must be just.  It must be undertaken by a legitimate authorityIt must be undertaken by a legitimate authority  The intention must be right.The intention must be right.  It must be a last resort.It must be a last resort.  There must be a declaration of war.There must be a declaration of war.  There must be reasonable hope of success.There must be reasonable hope of success.  The good that it hopes to achieve must outweighThe good that it hopes to achieve must outweigh the evil produced (the criteria of proportionality).the evil produced (the criteria of proportionality).  Non-Combatants must be immune from attack.Non-Combatants must be immune from attack.
  5. 5. Sources of World War IVSources of World War IV  Ethno political conflictsEthno political conflicts  Problems of transition to capitalism.Problems of transition to capitalism.  The North-South gapThe North-South gap  Competition for resources (energy, water,Competition for resources (energy, water, food)food)  The ecological crisisThe ecological crisis  TerrorismTerrorism  Interstate rivalries, economic and politicalInterstate rivalries, economic and political
  6. 6. War –The Real Cost?War –The Real Cost?  In the year 2010 total world military spending came to $1600billionIn the year 2010 total world military spending came to $1600billion (or $236 for each person on the planet) a 50% increase in the 10(or $236 for each person on the planet) a 50% increase in the 10 year period since 2001.year period since 2001.
  7. 7. Top 5 Sellers of Arms in theTop 5 Sellers of Arms in the WorldWorld  United StatesUnited States  ChinaChina  UKUK  FranceFrance  RussiaRussia
  8. 8. Military spending is concentrated in NorthMilitary spending is concentrated in North America, Europe, and increasingly, Asia:America, Europe, and increasingly, Asia:
  9. 9. Spending for peace vsSpending for peace vs spending for warspending for war  ““There is a large gap between what countriesThere is a large gap between what countries are prepared to allocate for military means toare prepared to allocate for military means to provide security and maintain their global andprovide security and maintain their global and regional power status, on the one hand, and toregional power status, on the one hand, and to alleviate poverty and promote economicalleviate poverty and promote economic development, on the other.”development, on the other.” Stockholm International Peace Research InstituteStockholm International Peace Research Institute
  10. 10. The Human Cost of WarThe Human Cost of War  Crops, land and environment are destroyed.Crops, land and environment are destroyed.  Destruction of food stores, shops and property.Destruction of food stores, shops and property.  Inflation increases dramatically at times of conflict leading to povertyInflation increases dramatically at times of conflict leading to poverty for most of the population.for most of the population.  People are forced to flee and become refugees or internallyPeople are forced to flee and become refugees or internally displaced.displaced.  Much trade and small business ceases.Much trade and small business ceases.  Governments stop spending on social needs and divert funds toGovernments stop spending on social needs and divert funds to military hardware.military hardware.  Roads and means of travel are often dangerous.Roads and means of travel are often dangerous.  It can be difficult to get access for emergency relief.It can be difficult to get access for emergency relief.  Young people are forced to become soldiers.Young people are forced to become soldiers.   
  11. 11. Facts and FiguresFacts and Figures  The US wars in Iraq and Afghanistan has costThe US wars in Iraq and Afghanistan has cost over 1,000 billion dollars.over 1,000 billion dollars.  The arms trade is the second biggest trade inThe arms trade is the second biggest trade in the world (after illegal drugs!).the world (after illegal drugs!).  In armed conflicts since 1945, 90% ofIn armed conflicts since 1945, 90% of casualties have been civilians, compared tocasualties have been civilians, compared to 50% in the Second World War and 10% in the50% in the Second World War and 10% in the First.First.  There are 250,000 licensed firearms dealers inThere are 250,000 licensed firearms dealers in the US alone.the US alone.
  12. 12. THE U.N.THE U.N.  The U.N. was created after World War II with leadingThe U.N. was created after World War II with leading efforts by the United States and key allies.efforts by the United States and key allies.  The U.N. was set up to be committed to preservingThe U.N. was set up to be committed to preserving peace through international cooperation and collectivepeace through international cooperation and collective security.security.  Yet, the U.N.’s entire budget is just a tiny fraction of theYet, the U.N.’s entire budget is just a tiny fraction of the world’s military expenditure, approximately 1.8%world’s military expenditure, approximately 1.8%  While the U.N. is not perfect and has many internalWhile the U.N. is not perfect and has many internal issues that need addressing, it is revealing that the worldissues that need addressing, it is revealing that the world can spend so much on their military but contribute socan spend so much on their military but contribute so little to the goals oflittle to the goals of globalglobal security, internationalsecurity, international cooperation and peace.cooperation and peace.
  13. 13. War versus PovertyWar versus Poverty The $1600 billion spent in the year 2011 on the armsThe $1600 billion spent in the year 2011 on the arms industry could have tackled some of the greatest needs ofindustry could have tackled some of the greatest needs of our world.our world. Providing basic health care to those currently without -Providing basic health care to those currently without - $20 billion per annum.$20 billion per annum. Providing shelter to those without it - $21 billion perProviding shelter to those without it - $21 billion per annum.annum. Provide literacy for all - $5 billion per annum.Provide literacy for all - $5 billion per annum. Eliminate starvation and malnourishment - $25 billion perEliminate starvation and malnourishment - $25 billion per annum.annum. Provide safe clean water for all - $50 billion per annum.Provide safe clean water for all - $50 billion per annum. Total cost - $129 billion per annum.Total cost - $129 billion per annum.   
  14. 14. Point to PonderPoint to Ponder  Imagine if all the military mindImagine if all the military mind power and money that is beingpower and money that is being spent on war was spent instead onspent on war was spent instead on finding other non-violent solutions,finding other non-violent solutions, what might be possible?what might be possible?
  15. 15. Points to PonderPoints to Ponder  What are the long-term impacts for the people of aWhat are the long-term impacts for the people of a country at war even when the conflict ceases.country at war even when the conflict ceases. For example: If no crops are planted this year, what willFor example: If no crops are planted this year, what will next year hold?next year hold?     What will the future hold for the many refugees who fleeWhat will the future hold for the many refugees who flee the conflict?the conflict?     What are the long-term implications when children areWhat are the long-term implications when children are used in war?used in war?      
  16. 16. Points to PonderPoints to Ponder  Based on this criteria discuss the morality of war in Iraq,Based on this criteria discuss the morality of war in Iraq, Afghanistan or Syria.Afghanistan or Syria.     Pope John Paul II said “Today the horror and scale ofPope John Paul II said “Today the horror and scale of modern warfare makes it totally unacceptable as amodern warfare makes it totally unacceptable as a means of settling differences”.means of settling differences”. Do you agree?Do you agree?
  17. 17. Points to PonderPoints to Ponder  Are these figures surprising or shocking?Are these figures surprising or shocking?  Who makes the choices here?Who makes the choices here?  Why do we spend more on war than onWhy do we spend more on war than on peace?peace?  What does this say about the world that weWhat does this say about the world that we live in?live in?
  18. 18. THOUGHTS AND PRAYERS FORTHOUGHTS AND PRAYERS FOR PEACEPEACE   
  19. 19. Lead us from death to life,Lead us from death to life, From falsehood to truth.From falsehood to truth. Lead us from despair to hope,Lead us from despair to hope, From fear to trust.From fear to trust. Lead us from hate to love,Lead us from hate to love, From war to peace.From war to peace. Let peace fill our hearts,Let peace fill our hearts, Our world, our universe.Our world, our universe. Let us dream together,Let us dream together, Pray together,Pray together, Work together,Work together, To build one worldTo build one world Of peace and justiceOf peace and justice for all.for all.
  20. 20. Deep peace of the running wave to you;Deep peace of the running wave to you; Deep peace of the flowing air to you;Deep peace of the flowing air to you; Deep peace of the quiet earth to you;Deep peace of the quiet earth to you; Deep peace of the shining stars to you;Deep peace of the shining stars to you; Deep peace of the Son of Peace to you.Deep peace of the Son of Peace to you.   
  21. 21. Goodness is stronger thanGoodness is stronger than evil,evil, Love is stronger than hate,Love is stronger than hate, Light is stronger thanLight is stronger than darkness,darkness, Life is stronger than death.Life is stronger than death. Desmond Tutu.Desmond Tutu.

×