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Nilai nilai dalam islam dalam merapatkan hubungan antara etnik (new)

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HUBUNGAN ETNIK
DR AHMAD BUNYAN WAHIB
 MUHAMMAD SHAHRIZAL BIN BERANI ( 213478)
 ABDUL HAFIZ BIN JEFRI ( 214764 )
 MUHAMMAD SYUKHRI BIN SHAFEE (214783)
 MUHAMMAD NABIL FIKRI BIN SUBERI (207858)
 ZULHAIRIE BIN ZABERI (214677)
 ISLAM BERMAKSUD ‘MENYERAH DIRI KEPADA

KEHENDAK TUHAN’ [SUBMISSION TO THE WILL OF
GOD] DAN MUSLIM BERERTI ‘MEREKA YANG
MENYERAH DIRI KEPADA KEHENDAK TUHAN’ [THOSE
WHO SUBMIT TO THE WILL OF GOD]

 ISLAM MERUPAKAN SATU-SATUNYA AGAMA SELAIN

AGAMA KRISTIAN YANG MEMPERCAYAI DAN
MENJUNJUNG MULIA ISA AL-MASIH A.S / YESUS
KRISTUS (JESUS CHRIST).

 MUNCUL DI SEMENANJUNG ARAB PADA 613 MASIHI

IAITU APABILA NABI MUHAMMAD S.A.W DILANTIK
MENJADI NABI DAN RASUL ATAU UTUSAN TUHAN
YANG TERAKHIR KEPADA SELURUH UMAT MANUSIA
TANPA MENGIRA BANGSA.
 PERINTAH TUHAN KEPADA NABI MUHAMMAD

S.A.W MELALUI FIRMAN-NYA DALAM AL-QURAN:
Katakanlah (wahai Muhammad): "Wahai sekalian
manusia! Sesungguhnya aku adalah Pesuruh Tuhan
kepada kamu semuanya” (Quran, al-A’raf 7:158)
Say, [O Muhammad], "O mankind, indeed I am the
Messenger of God to you all” (Quran 7:158)
 PERIHAL NABI MUHAMMAD S.A.W DIHANTAR

TUHAN KEPADA SELURUH MANUSIA BERBEZA
DENGAN NABI-NABI (UTUSAN TUHAN) SEBELUMNYA
YANG DIHANTAR KEPADA BANGSA MEREKA SENDIRI.
Antara persamaan Islam dan Kristian: "Wahai Bani Israil!
Sembahlah Allah, Tuhanku dan Tuhan kamu” (Quran, alMaidah 5:72)
the Christ [Jesus] has said, "O Children of Israel, worship
God, my Lord and your Lord.“ (Quran 5:72)
Jesus answered, "The foremost is, 'Hear, O Israel! The Lord
our God is one Lord (Gospel of Mark 12:29)
 TERSEBAR KESELURUH DUNIA, TERMASUKLAH

CHINA, INDIA, TANAH MELAYU, EROPAH, AFRIKA
DAN LAIN-LAIN KAWASAN DISELURUH DUNIA.
 AJARAN-AJARAN MORAL DAN ETIKA ISLAM

MENUNJUKKAN BANYAK PERSAMAAN DENGAN
AJARAN KONFUCIUS DALAM KITABNYA, ANALECTS.
SELAIN ITU, TERDAPAT JUGA PERSAMAAN ANTARA
ISLAM DENGAN TAOISME.
 MENURUT AJARAN ISLAM, AGAMA ISLAM TELAH

WUJUD SEJAK PENCIPTAAN MANUSIA PERTAMA,
ADAM A.S. NABI-NABI BERIKUTNYA SEPERTI NUH A.S
(NOAH), IBRAHIM A.S (ABRAHAM), DAUD A.S (DAVID),
MUSA A.S (MOSES), ISA A.S (JESUS), AMOS A.S,
JEREMIAH A.S, UZAIR A.S (EZRA) DAN SEBAGAINYA
MEMBAWA AJARAN ISLAM DAN MENGAJAK MANUSIA
UNTUK MENYERAH DIRI KEPADA KEHENDAK TUHAN
YANG MAHA ESA.

 AGAMA ISLAM DITURUNKAN SECARA BERPERINGKAT

-PERINGKAT MELALUI KITAB-KITABNYA SEPERTI
ZABUR/MAZMUR (PSALM OF DAVID), TAURAT
(TORAH/LAW OF MOSES), INJIL (GOSPEL OF JESUS)
DAN DISEMPURNAKAN MELALUI AL-QURAN SEBAGAI
KITAB YANG TERAKHIR YANG DITURUNKAN OLEH
TUHAN KEPADA NABI MUHAMMAD S.A.W MELALUI
PERANTARAAN MALAIKAT JIBRIL/ROH KUDUS
(ARCHANGEL GABRIEL/HOLY SPIRIT).

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Nilai nilai dalam islam dalam merapatkan hubungan antara etnik (new)

  • 1. HUBUNGAN ETNIK DR AHMAD BUNYAN WAHIB
  • 2.  MUHAMMAD SHAHRIZAL BIN BERANI ( 213478)  ABDUL HAFIZ BIN JEFRI ( 214764 )  MUHAMMAD SYUKHRI BIN SHAFEE (214783)  MUHAMMAD NABIL FIKRI BIN SUBERI (207858)  ZULHAIRIE BIN ZABERI (214677)
  • 3.  ISLAM BERMAKSUD ‘MENYERAH DIRI KEPADA KEHENDAK TUHAN’ [SUBMISSION TO THE WILL OF GOD] DAN MUSLIM BERERTI ‘MEREKA YANG MENYERAH DIRI KEPADA KEHENDAK TUHAN’ [THOSE WHO SUBMIT TO THE WILL OF GOD]  ISLAM MERUPAKAN SATU-SATUNYA AGAMA SELAIN AGAMA KRISTIAN YANG MEMPERCAYAI DAN MENJUNJUNG MULIA ISA AL-MASIH A.S / YESUS KRISTUS (JESUS CHRIST).  MUNCUL DI SEMENANJUNG ARAB PADA 613 MASIHI IAITU APABILA NABI MUHAMMAD S.A.W DILANTIK MENJADI NABI DAN RASUL ATAU UTUSAN TUHAN YANG TERAKHIR KEPADA SELURUH UMAT MANUSIA TANPA MENGIRA BANGSA.
  • 4.  PERINTAH TUHAN KEPADA NABI MUHAMMAD S.A.W MELALUI FIRMAN-NYA DALAM AL-QURAN: Katakanlah (wahai Muhammad): "Wahai sekalian manusia! Sesungguhnya aku adalah Pesuruh Tuhan kepada kamu semuanya” (Quran, al-A’raf 7:158) Say, [O Muhammad], "O mankind, indeed I am the Messenger of God to you all” (Quran 7:158)  PERIHAL NABI MUHAMMAD S.A.W DIHANTAR TUHAN KEPADA SELURUH MANUSIA BERBEZA DENGAN NABI-NABI (UTUSAN TUHAN) SEBELUMNYA YANG DIHANTAR KEPADA BANGSA MEREKA SENDIRI.
  • 5. Antara persamaan Islam dan Kristian: "Wahai Bani Israil! Sembahlah Allah, Tuhanku dan Tuhan kamu” (Quran, alMaidah 5:72) the Christ [Jesus] has said, "O Children of Israel, worship God, my Lord and your Lord.“ (Quran 5:72) Jesus answered, "The foremost is, 'Hear, O Israel! The Lord our God is one Lord (Gospel of Mark 12:29)  TERSEBAR KESELURUH DUNIA, TERMASUKLAH CHINA, INDIA, TANAH MELAYU, EROPAH, AFRIKA DAN LAIN-LAIN KAWASAN DISELURUH DUNIA.  AJARAN-AJARAN MORAL DAN ETIKA ISLAM MENUNJUKKAN BANYAK PERSAMAAN DENGAN AJARAN KONFUCIUS DALAM KITABNYA, ANALECTS. SELAIN ITU, TERDAPAT JUGA PERSAMAAN ANTARA ISLAM DENGAN TAOISME.
  • 6.  MENURUT AJARAN ISLAM, AGAMA ISLAM TELAH WUJUD SEJAK PENCIPTAAN MANUSIA PERTAMA, ADAM A.S. NABI-NABI BERIKUTNYA SEPERTI NUH A.S (NOAH), IBRAHIM A.S (ABRAHAM), DAUD A.S (DAVID), MUSA A.S (MOSES), ISA A.S (JESUS), AMOS A.S, JEREMIAH A.S, UZAIR A.S (EZRA) DAN SEBAGAINYA MEMBAWA AJARAN ISLAM DAN MENGAJAK MANUSIA UNTUK MENYERAH DIRI KEPADA KEHENDAK TUHAN YANG MAHA ESA.  AGAMA ISLAM DITURUNKAN SECARA BERPERINGKAT -PERINGKAT MELALUI KITAB-KITABNYA SEPERTI ZABUR/MAZMUR (PSALM OF DAVID), TAURAT (TORAH/LAW OF MOSES), INJIL (GOSPEL OF JESUS) DAN DISEMPURNAKAN MELALUI AL-QURAN SEBAGAI KITAB YANG TERAKHIR YANG DITURUNKAN OLEH TUHAN KEPADA NABI MUHAMMAD S.A.W MELALUI PERANTARAAN MALAIKAT JIBRIL/ROH KUDUS (ARCHANGEL GABRIEL/HOLY SPIRIT).
  • 7.  KESEMPURNAAN AGAMA ISLAM MELALUI PENURUNAN AL-QURAN TELAH DISEBUTKAN OLEH TUHAN DALAM FIRMAN-NYA: ‘pada hari ini, Aku [Tuhan] telah sempurnakan untuk kamu agama kamu, dan Aku telah cukupkan nikmat-Ku kepada kamu, dan Aku telah reda Islam itu menjadi agamamu’ (Quran, al-Maidah 5:3) ‘this day, I [God] have perfected for you your religion, and completed My favour upon you, and have approved for you Islam as religion’ (Quran 5:3)  ISLAM BUKAN ‘MUHAMMADAN’ KERANA ISLAM BUKANLAH AGAMA YANG DIASASKAN OLEH NABI MUHAMMAD S.A.W TETAPI PENGASAS ISLAM ADALAH TUHAN.  ISLAM ADALAH AGAMA YANG PALING CEPAT BERKEMBANG DI DUNIA PADA HARI INI DARI SEGI MEREKA YANG BERTUKAR AGAMA KEPADA ISLAM (GUINNESS WORLD RECORD)
  • 9.  MENJAGA HUBUNGAN BAIK DENGAN TUHAN DAN HUBUNGAN BAIK SESAMA MANUSIA MERUPAKAN HAL YANG SANGAT DITEKANKAN DI DALAM ISLAM.  SEORANG MUSLIM DENGAN MUSLIM YANG LAIN ADALAH SALING BERSAUDARA. FIRMAN TUHAN DI DALAM AL-QURAN: Sebenarnya orang-orang yang beriman [Muslim] itu adalah bersaudara, maka damaikanlah di antara dua saudara kamu (yang bertelingkah) itu; dan bertaqwalah kepada Allah supaya kamu beroleh rahmat (Quran 49:10) The believers [Muslims] are but brothers, so make settlement between your brothers. And fear God that you may receive mercy. (Quran 49:10)
  • 10.  ORANG ISLAM PERLU HORMAT KEPADA ORANG BUKAN ISLAM DAN BEGITU JUGA SEBALIKNYA.  BERTOLAK ANSUR APABILA MUSLIM DAN BUKAN MUSLIM MAHU MENJALANKAN UPACARA IBADAT ATAU BUDAYA MASING-MASING KERANA ISLAM MENEKANKAN PRINSIP KEBEBASAN BERAGAMA.  FIRMAN TUHAN DI DALAM AL-QURAN: Tidak ada paksaan dalam agama [Islam] (Quran 2:256) There shall be no compulsion in [acceptance of] the religion. The right course has become clear from the wrong. So whoever disbelieves in Taghut [false gods] and believes in Allah [the God] has grasped the most trustworthy handhold with no break in it. And God is Hearing and Knowing. (Quran 2:256)
  • 11.  ORANG ISLAM DILARANG MEMPERSENDAKAN AGAMA LAIN SELAIN ISLAM UNTUK MENJAMIN KESEJAHTERAAN MUSLIM DAN BUKAN MUSLIM.  ARAHAN INI TELAH DIKELUARKAN OLEH ALLAH S.W.T DALAM AL-QURAN: ‘Dan janganlah kamu cerca benda-benda yang mereka [orang bukan Islam] sembah yang lain dari Allah, kerana mereka kelak, akan mencerca Allah secara melampaui batas dengan ketiadaan pengetahuan. (Quran, al-An’am 6:108). And do not insult those they [non-muslim] invoke other than Allah [the God], lest they insult Allah in enmity without knowledge. (Quran 6:108)
  • 12.  DILARANG SAMA SEKALI MENINDAS ORANG BUKAN MUSLIM. IA JUGA ARAHAN DARIPADA ALLAH S.W.T DIDALAM AL-QURAN ‘Wahai orang-orang yang beriman [Muslim] ! Janganlah sesuatu puak (dari kaum lelaki) mencemuh dan merendah-rendahkan puak lelaki yang lain, (kerana) harus puak yang dicemuhkan itu lebih baik daripada mereka; dan janganlah pula sesuatu puak dari kaum perempuan mencemuh dan merendahrendahkan puak perempuan yang lain, (kerana) harus puak yang dicemuhkan itu lebih baik daripada mereka; dan janganlah setengah kamu menyatakan keaiban setengahnya yang lain; dan janganlah pula kamu panggil-memanggil antara satu dengan yang lain dengan gelaran yang buruk. (Quran, al-Hujurat 49:11)
  • 13. O you who have believed [Muslims], let not a people ridicule [another] people; perhaps they may be better than them; nor let women ridicule [other] women; perhaps they may be better than them. And do not insult one another and do not call each other by [offensive] nicknames. Wretched is the name of disobedience after [one's] faith. And whoever does not repent - then it is those who are the wrongdoers. (Quran 49:11)
  • 14.  INI JUGA TELAH DINYATAKAN OLEH ALLAH S.W.T DIDALAM AL-QURAN “Wahai orang-orang yang beriman [Muslim]! Jauhilah kebanyakan dari sangkaan (supaya kamu tidak menyangka sangkaan yang dilarang) kerana sesungguhnya sebahagian dari sangkaan itu adalah dosa; dan janganlah kamu mengintip atau mencari-cari kesalahan dan keaiban orang; dan janganlah setengah kamu mengumpat setengahnya yang lain”. (Quran, al-Hujurat 49:12) O you who have believed [Muslims], avoid much [negative] assumption. Indeed, some assumption is sin. And do not spy or backbite each other. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his brother when dead? You would detest it. And fear God ; indeed, God is Accepting of repentance and Merciful. (Quran 49:12)
  • 15.  ORANG MUSLIM TIDAK BOLEH MENZALIMI MEREKA YANG BUKAN MUSLIM. “sesiapa (orang Islam) yang menzalimi orang bukan Islam, sedangkan mereka telah mengadakan perjanjian damai dengan orang Islam, maka aku adalah musuhnya di akhirat kelak” (Hadis riwayat Abu Daud & Al-Baihaki) "He (Muslim) who unfairly treats a non-Muslim who keeps a peace treaty with Muslims, or undermines his rights, or burdens him beyond his capacity, or takes something from him without his consent; then I am his opponent on the Day of Judgment“ –Prophet Muhammad SAW (Hadith narrated by Abu Dawood and Al-Bayhaqi)
  • 16.  “Sesiapa (orang Islam) yang menzalimi orang bukan Islam yang telah mengadakan perjanjian damai dengan orang Islam, maka dia telah menzalimiku, dan sesiapa yang telah menzalimiku, maka dia telah menzalimi Allah” (HR At-Tabarani)  “He who harms a non-Muslim who keeps a peace treaty with Muslims has harmed me, and he who harms me has harmed God” -Prophet Muhammad S.A.W. ( Hadith narrated by At-Tabarani).
  • 17.  Allah tidak melarang kamu daripada berbuat baik dan berlaku adil kepada orang-orang yang tidak memerangi kamu kerana agama (kamu), dan tidak mengeluarkan kamu dari kampung halaman kamu; sesungguhnya Allah mengasihi orang-orang yang berlaku adil. (Quran, al-Mumtahanah 60:8)  God does not forbid you from those who do not fight you because of religion and do not expel you from your homes - from being righteous toward them and acting justly toward them. Indeed, God loves those who act justly. (Quran 60:8)
  • 18.  AYAT TERSEBUT MENJELASKAN BAHAWA UMAT ISLAM AMAT DIGALAKKAN UNTUK BERBUAT BAIK KEPADA SESIAPA SAHAJA TIDAK KIRALAH WALAU SESEORANG ITU IALAH NON-MUSLIM SELAGI KEDUA-DUA PIHAK (MUSLIM DAN NONMUSLIM) MASIH BERLAKU ADIL ANTARA SATU SAMA LAIN DAN NON-MUSLIM TIDAK MEMERANGI MUSLIM TERLEBIH DAHULU.  DALAM ISLAM, PEPERANGAN ADALAH DIHARAMKAN MELAINKAN UMAT ISLAM DISERANG TERLEBIH DAHULU. PEPERANGAN DI DALAM ISLAM ADALAH BERTUJUAN UNTUK MEMPERTAHANKAN DIRI, BUKANNYA UNTUK KEPENTINGAN TERTENTU.
  • 19.  Dan janganlah kamu berbahas dengan Ahli Kitab (Kristian dan Yahudi) melainkan dengan cara yang lebih baik, kecuali orang-orang yang berlaku zalim di antara mereka; dan katakanlah (kepada mereka): "Kami beriman kepada (Al-Quran) yang diturunkan kepada kami dan kepada (Taurat dan Injil) yang diturunkan kepada kamu; dan Tuhan kami, juga Tuhan kamu, adalah Satu; dan kepadaNyalah, kami patuh dengan berserah diri." (Quran, al-Ankabut 29:46)  And do not argue with the People of the Scripture [Christian and Jews] except in a way that is best, except for those who commit injustice among them, and say, "We believe in that which has been revealed to us [Quran] and revealed to you [Torah & Gospel]. And our God and your God is one; and we are Muslims [those who submit] to Him.“ (Quran 29:46)
  • 21. Fasal 16 Piagam Madinah seperti yang digubal oleh Nabi Muhammad SAW menyatakan: Bahawa orang-orang Yahudi [bukan Islam] yang menyertai kita [orang Islam] hendaklah mendapatkan pertolongan dan pimpinan dengan tidak menzalimi dan tidak boleh ada pakatan tidak baik terhadap mereka. [kesaksamaan sosial, undang-undang dan ekonomi dijanjikan kepada semua warganegara yang setia kepada negara] Article 16 of Constitution of Medina as drafted by the Prophet SAW states that: Those Jews (non-Muslims) who follow the Believers (Muslims) will be helped and will be treated with equality. (Social, legal and economic equality is promised to all loyal citizens of the State).
  • 22. PERKARA 16 PERLEMBAGAAN MADINAH INI ADALAH BERTENTANGAN DENGAN PERLEMBAGAAN MALAYSIA YANG MEMBERI HAK KEISTIMEWAAN KEPADA BUMIPUTERA. PERKARA INI PENTING UNTUK DIPERJELASKAN KEPADA SEMUA MASYARAKAT, TERUTAMANYA NONMUSLIM. MEREKA TELAH SALAH FAHAM TENTANG ISLAM DI MANA MEREKA MENGANGGAP ISLAM BERSIFAT TIDAK ADIL DAN MELAKUKAN DISKRIMINASI. PADAHAL, AJARAN ISLAM YANG SEBENARNYA IALAH, SEMUA MANUSIA DIANGGAP SAMA, TIADA DISKRIMINASI MESKIPUN IA SEORANG MUSLIM MAHUPUN NON-MUSLIM..
  • 23.  Wahai umat manusia! Sesungguhnya Kami telah menciptakan kamu dari lelaki dan perempuan, dan Kami telah menjadikan kamu berbagai bangsa dan bersuku puak, supaya kamu berkenal-kenalan (dan beramah mesra antara satu dengan yang lain). Sesungguhnya semuliamulia kamu di sisi Allah ialah orang yang lebih taqwanya di antara kamu, (bukan yang lebih keturunan atau bangsanya). Sesungguhnya Allah Maha Mengetahui, lagi Maha Mendalam PengetahuanNya (akan keadaan dan amalan kamu). (Quran, al-Hujurat 49:13)  O mankind, indeed We [God] have created you from male and female and made you peoples and tribes that you may know one another. Indeed, the most noble of you in the sight of God is the most righteous of you. Indeed, God is Knowing and Acquainted. (Quran 49:13)
  • 24.  “Wahai manusia! Sesungguhnya tuhan kamu sama, bapa kamu sama (Adam). Ketahuilah! Tiada kelebihan orang arab ke atas ‘ajam (yang bukan arab), atau ‘ajam ke atas arab, atau yang berkulit merah ke atas yang berkulit hitam, atau yang berkulit hitam ke atas yang berkulit merah melainkan ketakwaan” (Hadis Riwayat Ahmad dan alBaihaqi, dinilai hasan oleh al-Albani).  Prophet Muhammad SAW said in his last sermon: “O people! Verily your Lord is one and your father is one. All of you belong to one ancestry of Adam and Adam was created out of clay. There is no superiority for an Arab over a nonArab and for a non-Arab over an Arab; nor for white over the black nor for the black over the white except in piety. Verily the noblest among you is he who is the most pious.” (Hadith narrated by Ahmad and Bayhaqi)
  • 26. JIKA NILAI-NILAI ISLAM YANG SEBENAR DIAMALKAN OLEH SEMUA ORANG MUSLIM, MAKA KEBAHAGIAAN DIDUNIA DAN AKHIRAT AKAN TERCAPAI. ISLAM BUKANLAH MILIK SESEBUAH BANGSA DAN ISLAM ADALAH MILIK ALLAH. TIADA BANGSA DIDUNIA INI DAPAT MENGATAKAN BAHAWA BANGSA MEREKA SERATUS PERATUS BERAGAMA ISLAM. NILAILAH AGAMA ISLAM BERDASARKAN ALQURAN DAN HADIS SERTA SEORANG MANUSIA YANG BERNAMA MUHAMMAD S.A.W
  • 27. Michael Hart in „ The 100, A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons In History,' New York, 1978. “My choice of Muhammad to lead the list of the world’s most influential persons may surprise some readers and may be questioned by others, but he was the only man in history who was supremely successful on both the secular and religious level. ... “It is this unparalleled combination of secular and religious influence which I feel entitles Muhammad to be considered the most influential single figure in human history.”
  • 28. Sir George Bernard Shaw in 'The Genuine Islam, ' Vol. 1, No. 8, 1936.  “I have always held the religion of Muhammad in high estimation because of its wonderful vitality. It is the only religion which appears to me to possess that assimilating capacity to the changing phase of existence which can make itself appeal to every age. I have studied him - the wonderful man and in my opinion for from being an anti-Christ, he must be called the Savior of Humanity.“  "I believe that if a man like him were to assume the dictatorship of the modern world he would succeed in solving its problems in a way that would bring it the much needed peace and happiness: I have prophesied about the faith of Muhammad that it would be acceptable to the Europe of tomorrow as it is beginning to be acceptable to the Europe of today.”
  • 29. “I wanted to know the best of the life of one who holds today an undisputed sway over the hearts of millions of mankind.... I became more than ever convinced that it was not the sword that won a place for Islam in those days in the scheme of life.”
  • 30. “It was the rigid simplicity, the utter selfeffacement of the Prophet the scrupulous regard for pledges, his intense devotion to his friends and followers, his intrepidity, his fearlessness, his absolute trust in God and in his own mission. These and not the sword carried everything before them and surmounted every obstacle. When I closed the second volume (of the Prophet's biography), I was sorry there was not more for me to read of that great life.”
  • 31. "Agama [Islam] itu mudah. Tiada seorang pun yang memberat-beratkannya melainkan dia menjadi susah. Maka bersederhanalah, dekatilah kesempurnaan dan membuat orang gembira" -Nabi Muhammad S.A.W (Hadis Riwayat al-Bukhari). “Religion is very easy and whoever overburdens himself in his religion will not be able to continue in that way. So, you should not be extremists, but try to be close to perfection and make people happy” -Prophet Muhammad S.A.W (Hadith narrated by al-Bukhari)