A few facts about Pakistan
Founded by Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah.
Pakistan emerged as an independent sovereign state on
August 14th 1947.
Capital City: Islamabad
Total Area: 796,095 sq km
Language: Urdu (National) English (official)
Divided into 4 provinces: Sindh, Punjab, North West
Frontier Province, and Balochistan.
A few facts… continued.
•Pakistan relies on its network of canals to run
its agricultural economy.
•Major Crops: Wheat, cotton, rice, millet, sugar
•Major Fruits: mangos, oranges, bananas,
•Main Resources: natural gas, coal, salt & iron.
•Cotton, textiles, sugar, cement & chemicals
play an important role in the economy.
Pakistan has a parliamentary form government, it consists of two
houses, the senate (upper house) and the national assembly
The senate consists of 100 members and the national assembly has
a total of 342 elected members (272 general seats, 60 women, and
10 Non-Muslim seats)
The President is elected for a 5 year term by the electoral college.
The electoral college is made up of the four provincial assemblies,
the federally administered tribal areas & the federal capital form.
The President MUST be Muslim.
The President may be reelected but for no more than two
The Chairman of Senate is next in line to act as the President.
The Prime Minister is appointed by the president from among
the members of the National Assembly.
Only the National Assembly can approve federal budget and
The Senate and National Assembly can initiate and pass
Each province has a govenor, and a council of ministers
headed by a chief minister appointed by the govenor and a
Who’s who in Pakistan’s Government Today:
President: Asif Ali Zadari
Prime Minister: Yousaf Rasa Gilani
Chairman of the Senate: Farooq Hamid Naek
97% of all Pakistanis are Muslims.
77% of the population are Sunni Muslims.
20% are adherents of Shia Islam.
Christians, Hindus and other religions make up only 1%.
The central belief of Islam is that there is one God, Allah and the
prophet, Mohammed is his final messenger.
Islam is derived from the Judeo-Christian tradition and considers
Abraham and Jesus as prophets.
The Islamic religion recognizes both the Old & New Testaments.
The Quran is the holy scripture of Islam and is
recognized as the holy word of God.
The Muslim people follow the Five Pillars:
1. Shahada: (testimony) “There is no god but God, and
Mohammad is his Prophet.”
2. Salat: Mulims must pray five times a day.
3. Zakat: The obligation to provide alms for the poor and
4. Sawm: The obligation to fast from sunrise to sunset
5. Hajj: The pilgrimage to Mecca, this must be done at
least once in an adult Muslim’s lifetime. The pilgrimage
occurs during the last month of the Muslim lunar
Women in Pakistan
Pakistani women are considered subordinate to men.
A women’s actions are held responsible for the reputation of
Women are allowed only limited mobility and contact with the
opposite sex so they do not dishonor their families.
Women live under the constraints of veiling.
Women spend most of their lives in their homes and can only
go out for serious and approved reasons.
If a women has a small job their income is credited to their
husband or man of the house.
The major news agencies in Pakistan are the Associated Press
of Pakistan and Pakistan Press International.
The Government took over The Associated Press of Pakistan in
Radio is an effective method for spreading news in Pakistan
because the literacy rate is not as high as it is in countries like
the United States.
The Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation spreads information
about government policy and promotes Islamic principles.
By the mid 1990’s television reached 80% of the Pakistan
Until 1990 the government owned Pakistan Television
Corporation was the only channel available. PTV then
bought Cable News Network (CNN) to Pakistan.
The government owned t.v channels and newspapers
show ideas from the governments view point.
There are a lot of restrictions in the media, frequently
controversial songs are banned from the radio.
The government required women to wear scarves over
their heads during newscasts and other television shows.
Education is Pakistan is very poor.
The government only sets aside 3%of the annual budget for
There are three types of schools: Private for the wealthy, Public which
is government run, and Religious schools.
The government run schools do not teach English and many of them
exist only on paper.
Many poor families try to send their children to Private schools for
the public ones are so terrible.
The Pakistani government estimates the literacy rate of Pakistan to be
at 47% but outside spectators beg to differ claiming the rate must be
Top Stories in
Flour Giveaway in Pakistan Turns Into Deadly
Stampede. (CNN) 18 women are dead after a mob
scene broke out at a flour giveaway in Karachi.
US Missile Strike Kills Four in Pakistan (LA Times).
An unmanned US plane fired a missile and hit a
moving car killing four citizens of Pakistan by the
Pakistan Army Said to Be Linked to Swat Killings
(NY Times). Hundreds of dead bodies are being
dumped onto the streets locals and politicians
believe it to be the work of the army because of their
desire to “silence any enthusiasm of Taliban
Pakistan and the Millennium Development
Here is the progress Pakistan has made in reaching the Millennium Development Goals:
-Nearly 1.4 million children have been enrolled in primary school.
-9,121 community based schools have been established.
-1.4 million women have been trained different techniques to save children from
-300,000 women and children have received vaccinations.
-9,000 adult literacy centers have been established.
-Volunteers from more than 30,000 villages have been enlisted to help support human
development at the grassroots level.
This information was found on the United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals
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