Watermelon breeding


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Watermelon breeding

  1. 1. Watermelon BreedingPreparation of Media Semai- As much as 25-50 kg Manure mixed with soil to land 1000 m2. Let stand + 1 week in the shadeby always keeping the humidity and occasional stirring (reversed).- Mix the finely ground (already sifted) 2 parts or 2 buckets (volume 10 l), mature manure thathas been finely sifted as much as 1 part or 1 bucket, TSP (± 50 g).- Insert the media into a polybag seedlings small 8x10 cm to fill up to 90%.Watermelon Seed Germination TechniquesSeeds inserted into the fabric and tied, then marinated in herbs: 1 quart of warm watertemperature of 20-250C NASA POC + 1 tablespoon (soaked 8-12 hours). Seeds in the bondtaken, wrapped in newspaper and then brooded 1-2 days. If there were sown and germinatedtaken to add water if dry and wrapped in cloth and then put the paper again. Here is a picture ofthe newly planted watermelon seeds.Seedling Seedlings Seeds and Maintenance- Media seedlings watered enough clean water. Seeds of selected candidates along the roots are2-3 mm, direct sowing in polybags as deep as 1 to 1.5 cm.- Nursery bag lined placed so full sunlight. Given a transparent plastic cover, one end / edgeopen.
  2. 2. - Watering 1-2 times a day. At the age of 12-14 days seedlings ready to be planted.Media Processing PlantLand OpeningPiracy + 30 cm deep, crushed and flattened. Clean the area from the remnants of roots and rocks.Formation seedbed seedbed for planting watermelon width is 6-8 m, minimum height 20 cmbeds.Calcification of Uselime per 1000 m2 of land at pH 4-5 required 150-200 kg dolomite, pH 5-6 takes 75-150 kgdolomite and pH> 6 is required as much as 50 kg of dolomite.Fertilization Basicsa. Manure 600 kg / ha, applied to the surface of beds about a week before planting. b. Inorganicfertilizers such as TSP (200 kg / ha), ZA (140 kg / ha) and KCl (130 kg / ha).OtherBeds need to be weeded, watered and given a plastic mulching width 110-150 cm to waterevaporation and inhibit the growth of weeds. Covered with straw mulch on top 2-3 cm thick dryfor propagation and laying watermelon fruit.Watermelon Planting TechniquesHole Making Plant WatermelonDo One week before planting to a depth of 8-10 cm. Within 20-30 cm from the edge of the bedof the distance between the hole about 90-100 cm. Time. Heres the finished picture watermelonplanted.Planting WatermelonPlanting should be in the morning or later afternoon seedlings watered until quite wet.Watermelon Plant MaintenanceStitching WatermelonShould be done 3-5 days after planting.Weeding WatermelonWatermelon plants just enough to have two pieces, with settings that tend to be a lot of primarybranches. Maintained 2-3 secondary branches without cutting twigs. Keep weeding on the branchthat is not useful, ends trimmed and secondary branches are left two leaves. Secondary branchesthat grow in an existing segment cut fruit because they interfere with the growth of the fruit.Heres how to weeding the garden watermelon picture.Watermelon PerempelanDo perempelan young shoots that are not useful because it affects the growth of trees / fruitgrowing watermelon.Irrigation and Watering WatermelonIrrigation through channels between the beds or digembor with 4-6 days interval. The volume ofwater should not be exaggerated.
  3. 3. Watermelon FertilizationFertilization one week after planting: ZA = 40 kg / ha TSP = - Kg / Ha KC = L40 Kg / HaFertilization watermelon plant two weeks after planting ZA = 120 Kg / ha TSP = 85 Kg / Ha KC= 170 Kg / HaFertilization watermelon plants when the plants flower ZA = 130 Kg / ha TSP = - Kg / Ha KC =30 Kg / HaOther MaintenanceChoose fruit that is large enough, lies between 1.0 to 1.5 m of plant roots, good shape and notdisabled. Each plant required candidates 1-2 pieces of fruit, cut the rest. Since candidates fruit ±2 kg are reversed in order to avoid the color unfavorable due to inequality in the sun.Watermelon Plant Pests and DiseasesPlant Pests Watermelona. Thrips Small sized slender, pale yellow-black, has a body with jointed antennae. Mode oftransmission is wandering at night, settle and breed. Control: spray Natural BVR or PESTONA.b. Destroyer caterpillar green colored leaves with a black stripe / green striped yellow,symptoms: leaves eaten up living layers of wax and looks much like a hollow. Control: Naturalspraying Vitura or PESTONA.c. Animals small red mites yellowish / greenish small sucking plant fluids. The sign, visible webof animal nests beneath the leaf surface, the leaves will pale color. Control: spray Natural BVRor PESTONA.d. Soil Color black caterpillar berbintik-bintik/bergaris-garis, 2-5 cm body length, active damageand move at night. Attack the leaves, especially young shoots, worms mature prey base of theplant. Control: (1) planting simultaneously on adjacent areas to break the life cycle of pests andmoths surrounding nest eradication, (2) control by spraying Natural Vitura / Virexi orPESTONA.e. Fruit Flies characteristics have transparent wings with yellow splotches and have trunks.Attack signs: there is a scar on the skin of fruit (such as proboscis puncture), flavorful fleshslightly sour and visible bruises. Control: cleaning up the environment, soil pests formerreversible with hijacked / hoe, fruit fly trapping and spray PESTONA.Watermelon Plant Diseasesa. Fusarium wilt causes: the environment / situation that allows the yeast to grow (air is toohumid). Symptoms arise rot in plants that had been dense and lush. Control: (1) the rotationperiod of planting and maintaining environmental conditions, plant in a new area that has notbeen planted, (2) the provision of Natural GLIO before or at planting time.b. Leaf spotting Cause: germs spores carried by the wind from other plants affected. Symptoms:leaf surfaces are mottled yellow and then turn brown eventually dry up and die, or there aresubtle colored tassels abu-abu/ungu. Control: as in fusarium wilt disease.c. Anthracnose causes: such as fusarium wilt disease. Symptoms: The leaves look brownblotches that eventually turn a reddish color and the leaves eventually die. When attacking thefruit, it looks pink spheres gradually expanding. Control: control of diseases such as fusariumwilt.d. Attacking the Semai rotten seed being planted. Symptoms: brown seed stems, vines and fall
  4. 4. down and die. Control: Natural gift GLIO before seeding on seedling media.e. Fruit Rot Cause: fungal / bacterial pathogen that infects the fruit before cooking and activeafter fruit begins picked. Control: avoid skin damage and prevent the occurrence of fruit, bothduring transportation and storage, picking fruit done in the daytime is not cloudy / rainy. f. Leafrust cause: a virus carried by pest plants growing on the leaves of plants. Symptoms: leaf blister,pinto, tend to change shape, stunted plants and longitudinal fissures arise on the stem. Control:same as fusarium wilt disease. Note: If the pest control using natural pesticides can be used notovercome chemical pesticides. In order to evenly spraying of chemical pesticides and not easilylost by rainwater add Adhesives Straighten AERO 810 dose + 5 ml (1/2 cap) / tank.Harvesting Watermelon CropCharacteristics and Harvest Age harvested after 70-100 days after planting. Characteristics: fruitcolor changes, and stem the fruit begins to diminish the fruit can be picked (harvested). How toHarvest Fruit Harvesting should be done when the weather is sunny so the fruit surface is dryskin, and lasts for the penyimpananan or in the hands of retailers. We recommend cutting awatermelon made its stalk. Heres a picture of watermelon harvest.