What Is Social Justice


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What Is Social Justice

  1. 1. The era in which we are born is the era for which we are responsible
  2. 2. The modern period of Catholic Social teaching began more than 100 years ago. In 1891, Pope Leo XIII published an encyclical letter, Rerum Novarum about the conditions of the working classes following the Industrial Revolution in Europe. Since then, the Catholic Church has published a number of notable documents dealing with social justice
  3. 3. The teachings were interested in Social Justice because the Good News of Jesus demands application to the social settings that humanity found itself in
  4. 4. 1891 Rerum Novarum (The conditions of labour)
  5. 6. Otto Lilenthal begins to test winged gliders, made from cloth stretched over willow frameworks The first commercial submarine cable was laid between England and France in 1891. It could only carry one telephone call at a time Technology changes the way that human labour is carried out
  6. 7. The fashionable riding habit of the time with a 38 inch bust and 23 inch waist. The cost is $38.50 wages and the access to goods and services
  7. 8. j for D d The movement of people to find work and a new life
  8. 9. The right to work, receive a just wage from employers, possess private property
  9. 10. 1931 Quadragesimo Anno (The Reconstruction of the Social Order)
  10. 11. Economic systems and the unequal distribution of wealth
  11. 12. Goods and services and their impact on society
  12. 13. needs and wants
  13. 14. The impact of the economic depression
  14. 15. unrestricted capitalism and Marxism
  15. 16. 1961 Mater et Magistra (Christianity and Social progress)
  16. 17. Global cultural shifts
  17. 18. Cuba and US relations heightens the threat of Nuclear War Berlin Wall constructed Large sums of money spent on arms interdependence
  18. 19. Increasing gap between rich and poor countries
  19. 20. Workers participation and collective bargaining as an aid for the worker
  20. 21. 1963 Pacem in Terris ( Peace on Earth)
  21. 22. Human dignity and rights are the foundations for a just and peaceful world
  22. 23. affirms democracy and freedom to speech
  23. 24. 1965 Guadium et Spes ( The Pastoral Constitution of the Church in the Modern World)
  24. 27. war, peace and economics
  25. 28. 1967 Popularum Progressio (The Development of People)
  26. 29. What is Development?
  27. 30. Fair trade relations and other forms of international cooperation
  28. 31. 1971 Octogesima Adveniens (A call to action)
  29. 32. the role of women
  30. 33. urbanisation and the environment                                                
  31. 34. discrimination
  32. 35. People participate actively in their social and economic circumstances
  33. 36. 1975 Evangelii Nuntiandi (Evangelisation in the Modern World)
  34. 37. Use the modern media to spread the Church teachings on peace, justice and development
  35. 38. The Gospel message is the liberation of all peoples
  36. 39. 1979 Redemptor Hominis ( Redeemer of Humankind)
  37. 40. Promotes observance of the United Nations Declaration on Human Rights
  38. 41. Exploitation of the earth community
  39. 42. Stop the distribution of armaments Distribution of armaments, terrorism, torture, violence
  40. 43. 1981 Laborem Exercens (On Human Work)
  41. 44. Criticises both capitalism and Marxism; Supports the rights of workers and unions
  42. 45. Encourages a spirituality of work
  43. 46. 1987 Sollicitudo Rei Socialis (On Social Concern)
  44. 47. Widening of the economic gap between the North and South
  45. 48. redirect resources from arms production to alleviating poverty
  46. 49. 1988 Christifideles Laici (The Lay Faithful)
  47. 50. The prophetic role of the laity
  48. 51. HABITAT Working for justice and solidarity in public life
  49. 52. 1991 Centesimus Annus (the Centenary Year)
  50. 53. Written for the 100 th anniversary of Rerum Novarum it focused on
  51. 54. Creating solid foundations for human rights
  52. 55. the production of goods protecting and promoting the physical and economic health of employees and consumers, especially the poor.
  53. 56. the advancement of the poor constituting a great opportunity for the moral, cultural and economic growth of all humanity
  54. 57. the social nature of humans is not totally fulfilled by the state, since they rightfully belong to other groups
  55. 58. During the 1990s and early 2000 many more documents, statements and letters have been produced addressing the rapid changes occurring in the world.
  56. 59. 1990 Peace with God the creator Peace with all creation
  57. 60. “ In our day, there is a growing awareness that world peace is threatened not only by the arms race, regional conflicts and continued injustices among peoples and nations, but also by a lack of due respect for nature”
  58. 61. 1991 papal letter “ The Giver of Life”
  59. 62. There is a serious and disturbing phenomenon of widespread destruction of human lives either in the womb or in old age. Just as a century ago it was the workers who had their rights oppressed and the Church came to their defence proclaiming the sacrosanct rights of that person as a worker, so now, when another category of person is being oppressed in the fundamental right to life the church feels duty bound to speak out with the same courage on behalf of those who “have no voice”
  60. 63. 1995 papal Lenten message “ Literacy is an essential duty for humanity’s future”
  61. 64. Illiteracy deprives a great number of poor people of many possibilities and true freedom. A person who can neither read or write finds great difficulties in making use of modern work methods as well as suffering humiliation, exploitation and all kinds of suffering
  62. 65. 1995 papal message on the 50 th anniversary of the bombing of Nagasaki and Hiroshima
  63. 66. It is in human hearts that war or reconciliation begins. A society worthy of the person is not built by destroying the person, by repression or discrimination. The lesson of World War II has not been learned completely and yet remains as a warning for the next millennium
  64. 67. 1996 Papal address to the world food summit Food security results from an ethic of solidarity
  65. 68. We must seek the solutions together so that we no longer have, side by side, the starving and the wealthy, those who lack the necessary means to live and those who lavishly waste them
  66. 69. 1997 Papal address to International science and space conference
  67. 70. Science is all the more fruitful when it helps us to acknowledge the link between the beauty and order of the universe and the dignity of the human person – the reflections of the creative brilliance of God
  68. 71. 1997 Lenten papal message Developing a special concern for the poor
  69. 72. The family, as the basic cell of society has a full right to housing adequate to its needs so that it can develop a genuine domestic communion. When I think of the homeless I think of refugees, victims of war and economic disaster, those forced to migrate for economic reasons, families evicted from their homes and elderly on pensions
  70. 73. 2001 John Paul II calls for an ecological conversion
  71. 74. If one looks at the regions of our planet, one realises immediately that humanity has disappointed the divine expectation. It is necessary, therefore, to stimulate and sustain the “ecological conversion”. It is not only a physical ecology at stake but a human ecology that will render the life of creatures more dignified, protecting the radical good of life in all its manifestations and preparing an environment for future generations that is closer to the plan of the creator
  72. 75. The joys and hopes, the grief and anguish of the people of our time, especially the poor or afflicted, are the joys and hopes, the grief and anguish of the followers of Christ as well Guadium et Spes (the Church in the modern world) December 7, 1965