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Nations Report Part 1


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Nations Report Part 1

  1. 1. Nation Report: Haiti <br />By: Megan Morgan<br />
  2. 2. Geography<br />27,750 sq. km, slightly smaller than the state of Maryland.<br />Located in the Western Caribbean sea.<br />Occupies one-third of the western side of the Island of Hispaniola.<br />Dominican Republic borders Haiti to the East.<br />Tropical climate<br />Capital is Port-Au-Prince.<br />
  3. 3. Geography<br />Haiti natural resources include: copper, bauxite, carbonate, calcium, gold and marble.<br />Due to it’s location directly in the center of the hurricane belt, Haiti suffers severe storms, flooding, hurricanes from June to October.<br />Earthquakes and droughts are also common occurrences. <br />Terrain is either beach, rough or mountainous.<br />
  4. 4. People<br />Population of roughly 9,719,932.<br />Predominantly Catholic, but nearly half of the population practices Voodoo.<br />Approximately 120,000 individuals are living with HIV/AIDS.<br />AIDS creates a very high mortality rate for Haitians.<br />
  5. 5. People<br />1.9% prevalence rate of AIDS in adults.<br />High infectious disease risk, Hepatitis A and E, Typhoid Fever, and Bacterial and Protozoa Diarrhea., Dengue Fever, Malaria, and Leptospirosis.<br />Median age is 21years and average age of death is 62 years.<br />Average age of being able to read and write is 15 yrs.<br />Poverty, Crime and political disarray is constant.<br />
  6. 6. Culture<br />A mix of French Creole and West African traditions.<br />“Compa” is a popular music genre that combines African, Spanish and French influences.<br />Festivals are times of celebration, the most popular being “Carnival”.<br />
  7. 7. Culture<br />Cuisine is Latin-Caribbean, but with more African influence.<br />Rice and beans are the staple of the Haitian people.<br />Rum is a common export, but distilled using sugar-cane instead of the traditional molasses.<br />Marriage is common, but not necessary. A man and woman will often live together and have children long before the actual legalities of a marriage are performed.<br />
  8. 8. History <br />Discovered by Christopher Columbus on Dec 5, 1492, named it La Isla Espanola<br />First Island settled in the New World.<br />Originally occupied by Taino peoples.<br />First settlement it is hypothesized to be destroyed by disease that indigenous people had not immunity towards.<br />As well as Spanish settlers, French “castaways” consisting of pirates, mercenaries and fortune seekers made Haiti their home.<br />French buccaneers established settlement of Tortuga as Spanish interest in island declined.<br />The “French West Indian Company” was soon established, renaming Tortuga to Saint-Domingue. <br />Saint Domingue became the Pearl of the Antilles”, one of the richest colonies of the French 18th century empire.<br />
  9. 9. history<br />Over half the Caribbean slave population was accumulated here, until their uprising and the result was reclaiming their island.<br />Obtained complete independence in 1825, under the leadership of the first Haitian Emperor Jean Jacques Dessalines.<br />US occupation of Haiti began to help US banks stabilize debt to Haitians., the occupation was highly criticized but reforms were put into place.<br />Large history of foreign government involvement, corruption and revolts.<br />
  10. 10. Works Cited<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />