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  1. 1. IMPACT OF ELECTRONICTEACHING TECHNOLOGIES Submitted By TAHIRA ROOHI AUP- IOSR-M PHILL-EDU-1867 Supervisor DR. ZAKIA ALI Dean Faculty of Social Sciences Abasyn University Peshawar DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONABASYN UNIVERSITY PESHAWAR Fall Semester 2010 – Fall Semester 2012
  2. 2. IMPACT OF ELECTRONIC TEACHINGTECHNOLOGIES IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS AT DISTRICT PESHAWAR KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA Submitted By TAHIRA ROOHI AUP- IOSR-M PHILL-EDU-1867 Supervisor DR. ZAKIA ALI Dean Faculty of Social Sciences Abasyn University Peshawar DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ABASYN UNIVERSITY PESHAWAR Fall Semester 2010 – Fall Semester 2012
  3. 3. APPROVAL SHEETThe thesis entitled “Impact of Electronic Teaching Technologies” submitted by Tahira Roohiin the partial fulfillment of M.Phil degree in education has been completed under myguidance and I am satisfied with the quality of researcher’s research work.Supervisor: __________________________ Dr. Zakia Ali Dean Faculty of Social Sciences Abasyn University Peshawar.External Examiner __________________________Date: __________________________
  4. 4. ABSTRACTThe purpose of this study was to investigate the availability, usefulness, impact, present statusof new trends of electronic teaching technologies on classroom learning in the male andfemale secondary schools of urban areas of District Peshawar Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Thestudy used a survey research method and data were gathered through questionnaires.Therefore three questionnaires were developed, one for Heads of schools, other for SSTs andthird for secondary school students of grade 9th and 10th.each questionnaire having two parts,part one consisted of personal information i.e. name, age and status and part two consisted of26 items comprised upon availability, usefulness, present status, and new trends of electronicteaching technology. The questionnaires administered to 20 Heads of schools, 200 SSTs and1000 secondary school Students of grade 9th and 10th.most of the questions were in closedform. Data were collected and put into different tables. The responses were hundred percentbecause the researcher herself administered and collected the questionnaires. The Likert scalewas used for closed ended questions. The frequencies of the actual responses were added upand percentages were calculated. Pie diagram was used for explaining 100% and 20%responses for certain items. The study found that all the respondents favuored in introducingthe electronic teaching technology at secondary level. Moreover, they also indicated the needof IT/properly trained teachers for inculcating the use of computer Labs in schools. It is alsoobserved that most of science and language teachers did not use the computers for teaching-learning process. The study further revealed that there is a wide gap between present status ofsecondary schools and modern world. i
  5. 5. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTAll kind of appreciation is for Allah almighty who created the whole universe and bestowedthe mankind with knowledge. The researcher is thankful to Allah who gave the courage tocomplete this research work.First of all, I am very thankful to my supervisor Prof Dr Zakia Ali, Dean Social SciencesAbasyn University Peshawar.I am grateful to Prof Dr Hanifullah, Head of Department Abasyn University Ring RoadPeshawar Pakistan.I am thankful to my respectable Prof Dr Mah Nazir Riaz Dean Shaheed Benazir BhutoUniversity Peshawar Pakistan for her everlasting guidance during this research work.I am also very grateful to Prof Dr Ayesha Shfiq Dean City University Peshawar Pakistan forher constant guidance and encouragement in the completion of this research.I am also indebted to Mr Jalal Librarian IER University of Peshawar, Mrs Parveen Ibrar VicePrincipal Police Public School Peshawar, Mr Arshad Javed Principal Jogiwadha High SchoolPeshawar and Mr Hidiat Khan Asstt. Programer District Education Management informationSystem KhyberPakhtunKhwa for their contribution to completion of the desertion. Tahira Roohi ii
  6. 6. TABLE OF CONTENTS. No. Title Page No. Abstract i Acknowledgement ii Table of Contents iii List of Tables vi Chapter – 1 INTRODUCTION 11.1 Background of the Study 11.2 Nature of Education Technology 21.3 Electronic Teaching Technologies Related to Education System 31.4 The Impact of Educational Teaching Technologies in Classroom 5 Learning1.5 The Role of Electronic Teaching Technology on the Enhancement of 6 Student Achievement1.6 Statement of the Problem 91.7 Objectives of the Study 101.8 Significance of the Study 101.9 Delimitation of the Study 111.10 Methodology 111.10.1 Population 111.10.2 Population No. I 111.10.3 Population No. II 111.10.4 Population No. III 111.11 Sampling of the Study 111.11.1 Sample – I 121.11.2 Sample – II 121.11.3 Sample – III 121.12 Instruments / Development of Tool 121.12.1 Administration of Tool 121.13 Analysis of the Data 12 Chapter – 2 RELATED LITERATURE REVIEW 132.1 Concept of Educational Technology 132.2 Educational Technology as a System of Ms 152.3 Nature of Education Technology 152.4 Educational Technology 162.4.1 Assumption of Teaching technology 182.4.2 Contents of Teaching Technologies 192.4.3 Main Features of Teaching Technology 212.5 Need and Importance of Electronic Teaching Technology 21 iii
  7. 7. S. No. Title Page No.2.6 Principles of Using Electronic Teaching Techniques 242.7 Dales Cone of Experience 242.7.1 A Practical Cone Classifying Different Aids 252.7.2 Types of Technology 262.7.3 Types of Teaching Aids 262.7.4 Overhead Projector 272.7.5 E-learning 272.7.6 Computer 292.7.8 Computer – Assisted Interaction 292.7.9 Video Conference 302.7.10 Internet 312.7.11 Web-based Education Program 322.7.12 Telecommunication 332.7.13 Microsoft Surface 342.7.14 Multimedia Presentations 353.7.15 Mobile Phones 352.7.16 Electronic Whiteboard 362.7.17 Tablet Computer 372.8 Research Studies in Foreign Countries 382.9 Research Papers on Teaching Technology in Foreign Journals 402.10 Conclusion 42 Chapter – 3 METHOD AND PROCEDURE OF THE STUDY 433.1 The Nature of the Study 433.2 Populatoin 433.3 Sample of the Study 443.4 Data Collection 443.5 Instruments Used in the Study 453.5.1 Survey 453.5.2 Questionnaire 453.6 Pilot Study of Validation / Improvement of the Questionnaire 453.7 Administration of the Questionnaire 453.7.1 Questionnaire for Principal / Head Master / Headmistress No. 1 463.7.2 Questionnaire for Teachers No. 2 463.7.3 Questionnaire for Students No. 3 463.8 Procedure 47 iv
  8. 8. S. No. Title Page No. Chapter – 4 ANALYSIS OF DATA 484.1 Survey of the Schools 484.2 Description of the Questionnaire 484.3 Results and Tabulation 49 Chapter – 5 FINDING AND CONCLUSION 745.1 General Research Finding of Principal 745.2 General Research Finding of SSTs 765.3 General Research Finding of Secondary School Students 785.4 Conclusion 81 Chapter – 6 RECOMMENDATIONS 846.1 Recommendations for Future Research Studies 86 References 87 Appendix – I: Panel Export for Validation of Questionnaire 91 Appendix – II: List of Schools 92 Appendix – III: Questionnaire for the Heads Teachers / Principals 93 Appendix – IV: Questionnaire for Principal / Headmaster / 94 Headmistress Appendix – V: Questionnaire for the Secondary School Teachers 95 Appendix – VI: Questionnaire for the Secondary School Students 103 v
  9. 9. LIST OF TABLESTable No. Title Page No.1 Frequencies of the preferred responses of Heads regarding electronic teaching technology2 To evaluate the degree of agreement of the respondents were categorized in to three groups: High, Average and low.3 One Sample-Test in categorized value of Average, High and Low responses of the Heads4 Frequencies of the preferred responses of Secondary School Teachers regarding electronic teaching technology5 To evaluate the degree of agreement the respondents were categorized in to three groups: High, Average and low.6 One Sample-Test in categorized value of Average, High and Low responses of the SSTs7 Frequencies of the preferred responses of Secondary School Students regarding electronic teaching technology8 To evaluate the degree of agreement the respondents were categorized in to three groups: High, Average and low.9 One Sample-Test in categorized value of Average, High and Low responses of the Secondary School Students10 Frequencies shows 100% preferred responses of Heads, SSTs and Secondary School Teachers regarding electronic teaching technology11 Frequencies shows 20% equal preferred responses of Heads and Secondary School Students in each scale regarding electronic teaching technology12 Frequencies shows 100% preferred responses of Heads, SSTs and Secondary School Students regarding electronic teaching technology13 Opinion about A/V aids provided in Secondary Schools14 Suggestion of the Heads, SSTs and Secondary School Students15 Achievement results of sample schools for Girls grade 10th 201216 Achievement results of sample schools for Girls grade 10th 2012 vi

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