Personal and situational factors inhelpingBystander intervention in emergencysituationsPresented by: SADAF AZIZStudent of MSC -1F/10-2 Girls College Islamabad
Personal and situational factors involve environmentalfactors, presence of models, emotional states(good or badmoods)which influence helping.Modeling effectsAn important factor that promote helping is the presence of some oneelse who is helping-that is a behavioral model. One study found thatpresence of model increased adult willingness to donate blood.The presence of behavioral model tend to increase helping for severalreason.i. First, a model demonstrates(show clearly)what kind of actionsare possible or effective in a situation.ii. Second a helping model conveys the message that to offer helpIs appropriate in the particular situation.iii. A model may provide information about cost and risks involvedin helping a consideration that is important specially in thesituation of danger.
1-Bystander must notice the situation.2-Bystander must interpret the situation.3-Bystander must take personal responsibility.4-The Bystander must know how to help. Sometimeshelp simply by dialing 15.sometimes complexproviding medical help in an accident.5-The bystander must make the decision to act.