Life on the spectrum

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Life on the spectrum

  1. 1. Life on the SpectrumWhat’s food got to do with it?Bonnie Y. Modugno, MS, RDwww.muchmorethanfood.com
  2. 2. We enjoy an abundant food supply
  3. 3. We also have an adulterated foodsupply
  4. 4. Menzel and DiAluisio. Hungry Planet: What the World Eats. © 2005
  5. 5. Why do we eat what we do?
  6. 6. Our current food supply• Abundant• Adulterated• Cheap/subsidized
  7. 7. Diet, health, and behavior• Inflammation – CVD, diabetes, cancer, auto-immune diseases – Allergies, asthma• Hyperactivity, poor attention, anxiety• Digestive disorders• Headaches, migraines• Irritability, aggressiveness, volatility• Fatigue, depression, pain
  8. 8. Food’s rightful place• Hunger/Satiety – Quantity • Calories count, but not as much as everyone thinks – Timing • Over hungry – Balance • Protein – Gut flora • Whole foods, fiber, & resistant starch
  9. 9. How long does energy last? Carbohydrate Carbohydrate and ProteinBLOOD GLUCOSE Carbohydrate, Protein and Fat 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 TIME AFTER EATING (hours)
  10. 10. Planning to Eat TIME FOODKEY POINTS 12.00 AM 2:00 AM• Plan food for your day 4:00 AM – How long do you want to 6:00 AM feel satisfied? 8:00 AM – When is the next time you 10:00 AM are able to eat? 12:00 PM 2:00 PM 4:00 PM 6:00 PM 8:oo PM 10:00 PM
  11. 11. How Much Is Enough?Starving Just Enough Full Stuffed Still Hungry Satisfied Overfull
  12. 12. Special Challenges• Picky eaters – Sensory integration • Texture • Flavor/smell • Temperature • Color/visual appeal – Environmental cues – Community
  13. 13. Special Challenges• GI Tract Distress – Constipation – Diarrhea – Irritable bowel syndrome
  14. 14. Special Challenges• Allergies/Food Sensitivities/Inflammation – Proteins • milk, egg, wheat, seafood, shellfish, peanuts, tree nuts, soy, – GMO foods • foreign sources of protein – Gut micro biota – Persistent organic pollutants/contaminants
  15. 15. Special Challenges• Self regulation/Resilience – Glucose intolerance, weight challenges • Genetic predisposition • Intra-uterine environment • Psycho-active medications • Inadequate physical activity • Stress/trauma
  16. 16. Physical & PhysiologicalSigns of Overwhelming Stress
  17. 17. Chronic Stress and EnergyMetabolism• It’s all about survival – Increased use of glucose (blood sugar) – Breakdown of muscle to supply additional glucose – If calories are adequate, a tendency to store central body fat – If calories are inadequate weight loss especially lean body mass• Difficult to perceive true hunger• Increased cravings for sugar, starch
  18. 18. Special Challenges• Self regulation/Resilience – Sensory integration – Gut peptides • Communicate with brain • Impact appetite, satiety • Influences immune function • Linked with mood, depression
  19. 19. What starts the day?
  20. 20. Special Challenges• Self regulation/Resilience – Self soothing • Independence • Differentiation • Coping mechanism • Socialization
  21. 21. Food is too often a used to bribe, procrastinate,self soothe and more
  22. 22. Celebrating food in its rightful place • Food composition – Whole foods – Balance • Food distribution – Timing • Quantity – How much is enough?
  23. 23. Life on the Spectrum What’s food got to do with it? Q&A Bonnie Y. Modugno, MS, RD www.muchmorethanfood.com

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