Aera 2012 Civic Engagement


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  • Participatory culture: place that enables average citizens to participate in the archiving, annotation, appropriation, transformation, and recirculation of media content. Digital native born between 1982-2000 and emerging adult—older than 18
  • Emphasizes empowerment of the adolescent or emerging adult as an important component to engaging adolescents and emerging adults in society. Civic engagement can be a contributor and product of positive youth development.
  • Emerging adult: a new conception of development for the period from the late teens through the twenties, with a focus on ages 18-25 (Arnett, 2000)Civic Engagement: Individual and collective actions designed to identify and address issues of public concern. It can take many forms, from individual volunteerism to organizational involvement to electoral participation. It can include effects to directly address an issue, work with others in the community to solve a problem, or interact with the institutions of democracy. Participatory cultures: a culture with relatively low barriers to artistic expression and civic engagement, strong support for creating and sharing ones creations, and some type of informal mentorship whereby what is known by the most experienced is passed along to novices
  • Looked at elementary ed majors because of our interest in education and its ability to change society.
  • As noted by researchers civic engagement research needs to incorporate both paradigms of research in order to get a broader picture
  • Aera 2012 Civic Engagement

    1. 1. THINK GLOBALLY, ACT LOCALLY: CIVIC ENGAGEMENT AND PARTICIPATORYCULTURE THROUGH SOCIAL MEDIA BY EMERGING ADULTS Stephanie M. Bennett Matthew Ulyesses Blankenship Janet C. Richards, Literacy Studies University of South Florida, Tampa
    2. 2. INTRODUCTION2  Meet James  Emerging adult (Arnett, 2000, 2004)  Digital native (Prensky, 2001)  Member of a participatory culture (Jenkins et al., 2006) University of South Florida, Tampa
    3. 3. CURRENT WAVE OF CIVIC ENGAGEMENT RESEARCH3  Many developed countries, specifically the US, face a crisis in the declining levels of civic participation by the younger generation (Sherrod, Torney- Puta, & Flanagan, 2010).  Positive Youth Development (PYD) University of South Florida, Tampa
    4. 4. RESEARCH AIMS4  To examine what social media tools elementary education (age 18-25) students find helpful to promote their interests in civic engagement  To determine how frequently students use social media tools to foster their civic engagement  To determine how emerging adults are using social media tools to promote civic engagement University of South Florida, Tampa
    5. 5. DEFINITION OF TERMS5  Emerging Adult (Arnett, 2000, 2004)  Civic Engagement  Participatory cultures (Jenkins, et al., 2006)  Categories include:  Expressions: producing new creative forms  Circulations: shaping flow of media through mediums  Collaborative problem solving: working together in teams to complete tasks and create new knowledge  Affiliations: memberships in online communities University of South Florida, Tampa
    6. 6. RESEARCH METHODS6  Participants:  Elementary education majors (18-25) within a large research university in the southeastern part of the US  Full time students  Included both graduate and undergraduates University of South Florida, Tampa
    7. 7. PROCEDURE AND PARTICIPANTS7  Administered the Social Media, Participatory Culture and Civic Engagement Survey via Survey Monkey  Contained revised questions from the Pew Internet and American Life Project Survey and the California Survey of Civic Education Digital Media from 2005-2009  61 participants fell in the 18-25 category  90% female, 10% male  75 % white, 13% Hispanic, 8% African American, 6% multi- racial  Demographics representative of the credentialing elementary education program at the university University of South Florida, Tampa
    8. 8. RESEARCH DESIGN8  Mixed Methods Format  Online Survey  Contained open ended questions  Likert scale questions University of South Florida, Tampa
    9. 9. RESULTS9  90% (N=63) used social media on regular basis  Social media sites such as Facebook and Twitter  Email, text messaging  Retrieving political information online  Received political information once a month or less via social media  Includes:  Discovering friends’ political interests or affiliations (41.3%)  Signing up as a “friend” on a politician’s webpage (85%)  Forwarded a political blog/video (82%) University of South Florida, Tampa
    10. 10. RESULTS10  Utilizing social media to become knowledgeable citizens in the political process  Use social media to view campaign videos (29%)  Watched online videos of candidate debates (27%)  Viewed interviews with candidates (26%)  Viewed speeches or announcements through social media more than once per month (24%) University of South Florida, Tampa
    11. 11. RESULTS11  Facebook and Twitter overwhelming preferred sources of political information  “I have Facebook and Twitter. I use Facebook to keep in touch with friends and family. I use Twitter to stay informed with social issues.” University of South Florida, Tampa
    12. 12. RESULTS12  Civic Engagement and Its Importance  “Yes I think it is important to be civically engaged in order to make your voice heard. If you don’t make your voice heard and something is going on that you don’t agree with, I don’t believe it’s fair to have an opinion on that. I just believe we are the ones who shape our world into what we want it to be so if we aren’t civically engaged who is going to shape the world and how will it turn out to be? University of South Florida, Tampa
    13. 13. SIGNIFICANCE13  Educators  Should use this information to further infuse research skills into classroom instruction  Embrace this technology in the classroom so future emerging adults can meaningfully engage in the social discourse  Politicians  Greater presence in social media to provide meaningful information to emerging adults  Emerging Adults  Use this information to stay informed and dialogue with each other, candidates, and the world at large. University of South Florida, Tampa
    14. 14. CONCLUSION14  Civic participation by the younger generations is important to maintain a viable democracy  Digital natives turn to social media to gather information and engage in civic dialogue University of South Florida, Tampa
    15. 15. QUESTIONS AND CONTACT15 Contact Information Stephanie Bennett, MA Matthew Ulyesses Blankenship, M.Ed. Janet C. Richards, Ph.D. Faculty Advisor University of South Florida, Tampa