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  1. 1. Lawmaking You and the Law 9/13/06
  2. 2. Sources of Law <ul><li>Constitutions •Courts </li></ul><ul><li>Legislatures •Voters </li></ul><ul><li>Lobbyists </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative Agencies </li></ul>
  3. 3. Constitutions <ul><li>US is longest lasting written constitution in world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sets basic framework of gov. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lists gov’s powers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lists people’s freedoms </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Framework of Federal Gov. <ul><li>Based on separation of powers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legislative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Executive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Judicial </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Gov. Powers – Checks and Balances <ul><li>No one can be too powerful </li></ul><ul><li>Congress can investigate executive branch </li></ul><ul><li>Congress approves presidential appointments </li></ul><ul><li>Presidential veto/Judicial Review </li></ul>
  6. 6. People’s Freedoms <ul><li>Bill of Rights </li></ul>
  7. 7. Federalism <ul><li>Federal gov. limited by power of states </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution list what Fed. Gov. can do – states do the rest </li></ul>
  8. 8. State Gov. <ul><li>State Constitutions </li></ul><ul><li>Three Branches at state level </li></ul><ul><li>Bills of Rights </li></ul>
  9. 9. Changing a constitution <ul><li>Step 1 – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2/3 of both houses vote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Const. Convention is called by 2/3 states </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Const. Changes <ul><li>Step 2 – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Change must be ratified by ¾ of states </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recent attempts ? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Legislation <ul><li>2 houses of Congress </li></ul><ul><ul><li>House of Reps. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Senate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cities, towns make laws, too </li></ul>
  12. 12. Local, State, or Federal <ul><li>No parking on the east side of Main Street b/w 4:00 PM and 6:00 PM. </li></ul>Local
  13. 13. <ul><li>All person b/w the ages of 6 and 16 must attend school. </li></ul>State
  14. 14. <ul><li>All persons traveling on interstate airline carriers are subject to search before entering the airline departure area. </li></ul>Federal
  15. 15. <ul><li>No employer of more than 15 persons may discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin. </li></ul>State/Federal
  16. 16. Clarity of Law <ul><li>Letter of the law </li></ul><ul><li>Intent of lawmakers </li></ul><ul><li>Individual sense of values </li></ul>