RUSSIAN REVOLUTION
<ul><li>a. CZAR NICHOLAS II   ROMANOV : a  strict ruler who relied on army & huge govt to hold power.  </li></ul><ul><li>b...
THE CZAR & FAMILY
ROMANOV FAMILY
CZAR NICOLAS
ALEXANDRA
THE LOVE STORY <ul><li>I  never dreamt that our married life would have been so perfect, such utter happiness you have bro...
ANASTASIA
THE GIRLS <ul><li>Anastasia, </li></ul><ul><li>Tatiana,  </li></ul><ul><li>Maria  </li></ul><ul><li>and  </li></ul><ul><li...
ALEXEI
ALEXANDRA & RASPUTIN <ul><li>Alex was under the influence of  GRIGORI   RASPUTIN , a Siberian peasant who claimed to be a ...
THE ONE AND ONLY RASPUTIN
MORE PROBLEMS <ul><li>Rasputin helped Alex make bad decisions, causing military & eco disaster &making people angry  w/ Cz...
 
DON”T WRITE: LISTED AS WEAKNESSES IN PACKET <ul><li>Russia not ready for WWI. No weapons  </li></ul><ul><li>Czar had no mi...
<ul><li>The  DUMA , (legislative body), met  March 12 th  1917 even though Czar had gotten rid of Duma  </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>MARCH REVOLUTION -10,000 female factory workers strike in Petrograd, upset w/ bread rationing.  </li></ul><ul><li>...
MARCH REVOLUTION
<ul><li>New  Provisional Govt  headed by  ALEXANDER KERENSKY   </li></ul><ul><li>Made mistake of staying in WWI, upseting ...
<ul><li>The SOVIETS - city councils of workers &  soldiers, challenged new govt over decisions   </li></ul>
<ul><li>VLADIMIR  LENIN  was the leader of the   Bolsheviks (Communists) </li></ul>
<ul><li>Believed in book  COMMUNIST   MANIFESTO  by  </li></ul><ul><li>KARL MARX  which said   Proletariat (poor workers) ...
<ul><li>Most Bolsheviks were were lower class  </li></ul><ul><li>& had new radical ideas. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Bolsheviks want: </li></ul><ul><li>1. violent overthrow of  </li></ul><ul><li>govt.  </li></ul><ul><li>2. control ...
<ul><li>Bolsheviks promise to end war, redistribute land to poor, give factories to committees & govt power to Soviets (th...
<ul><li>Oct 1917, the Bolsheviks had a majority in 2 important Soviets (Moscow & Petrograd, led by  Leon Trotsky ).   </li...
<ul><li>Bolsheviks seize  Winter Palace  on Nov.  6 th  & destroy Provisional Govt. </li></ul><ul><li>All Russian Congress...
<ul><li>Bolsheviks (now called  Communists ) </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Brest-Litovsk  gave Germany land to get out of wa...
<ul><li>Many oppose Communists  </li></ul><ul><li>(Cossacks,  </li></ul><ul><li>liberals,  </li></ul><ul><li>socialists). ...
<ul><li>April 1918 royal family jailed. Murdered on July 16 th   </li></ul><ul><li>( or are  </li></ul><ul><li>they?) </li...
 
COMMUNIST RED ARMY <ul><li>1918-1921:  Communist Red Army  fights against  Anti- Communist White Army .  </li></ul>
<ul><li>By 1920, White army is defeated.  </li></ul><ul><li>& Communists take over Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan & Armenia ...
RUSSIAN CIVIL WAR
<ul><li>WHY DID THE  COMMUNIST REDS WIN? : </li></ul><ul><li>Communists used  WAR   COMMUNISM - govt control of banks, ind...
THE CHEKA <ul><li>Used Red secret police – called the  CHEKA - to destroy anyone against the new govt.  </li></ul>
<ul><li>DON’T WRITE </li></ul><ul><li>Trotsky was brilliant </li></ul><ul><li>Had single-minded purpose </li></ul><ul><li>...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Russian Revolution

4,057 views

Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Russian Revolution

  1. 1. RUSSIAN REVOLUTION
  2. 2. <ul><li>a. CZAR NICHOLAS II ROMANOV : a strict ruler who relied on army & huge govt to hold power. </li></ul><ul><li>b. Had 4 daughters, 1 son & wife ALEXANDRIA </li></ul><ul><li>*Alex was German & kept him cut off from events during war </li></ul>
  3. 3. THE CZAR & FAMILY
  4. 4. ROMANOV FAMILY
  5. 5. CZAR NICOLAS
  6. 6. ALEXANDRA
  7. 7. THE LOVE STORY <ul><li>I never dreamt that our married life would have been so perfect, such utter happiness you have brought me. Alexandra’s letter to Nicholas, 20 September 1898 </li></ul><ul><li>(don’t write) </li></ul>
  8. 8. ANASTASIA
  9. 9. THE GIRLS <ul><li>Anastasia, </li></ul><ul><li>Tatiana, </li></ul><ul><li>Maria </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>Olga </li></ul>
  10. 10. ALEXEI
  11. 11. ALEXANDRA & RASPUTIN <ul><li>Alex was under the influence of GRIGORI RASPUTIN , a Siberian peasant who claimed to be a holy man & could supposedly stop bleeding of son Alexei </li></ul>
  12. 12. THE ONE AND ONLY RASPUTIN
  13. 13. MORE PROBLEMS <ul><li>Rasputin helped Alex make bad decisions, causing military & eco disaster &making people angry w/ Czar. </li></ul><ul><li>Aristocrats kill Rasputin . </li></ul>
  14. 15. DON”T WRITE: LISTED AS WEAKNESSES IN PACKET <ul><li>Russia not ready for WWI. No weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Czar had no military training, </li></ul><ul><li>no competent military leaders </li></ul><ul><li>no armament </li></ul><ul><li>industry </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>The DUMA , (legislative body), met March 12 th 1917 even though Czar had gotten rid of Duma </li></ul><ul><li>Set up a provisional govt & asked Czar to step down . </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>MARCH REVOLUTION -10,000 female factory workers strike in Petrograd, upset w/ bread rationing. </li></ul><ul><li>Call for general strike. </li></ul><ul><li>Soldiers sent to stop it, end up joining in. </li></ul>
  17. 18. MARCH REVOLUTION
  18. 19. <ul><li>New Provisional Govt headed by ALEXANDER KERENSKY </li></ul><ul><li>Made mistake of staying in WWI, upseting peasants workers. </li></ul>
  19. 20. <ul><li>The SOVIETS - city councils of workers & soldiers, challenged new govt over decisions </li></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>VLADIMIR LENIN was the leader of the Bolsheviks (Communists) </li></ul>
  21. 22. <ul><li>Believed in book COMMUNIST MANIFESTO by </li></ul><ul><li>KARL MARX which said Proletariat (poor workers) will overthrow bourgeoisie (rich owners) </li></ul>
  22. 23. <ul><li>Most Bolsheviks were were lower class </li></ul><ul><li>& had new radical ideas. </li></ul>
  23. 24. <ul><li>Bolsheviks want: </li></ul><ul><li>1. violent overthrow of </li></ul><ul><li>govt. </li></ul><ul><li>2. control of Soviets </li></ul><ul><li>3. Lenin saw Provisional </li></ul><ul><li>govt as chance for </li></ul><ul><li>Bolsheviks to take </li></ul><ul><li>over </li></ul>
  24. 25. <ul><li>Bolsheviks promise to end war, redistribute land to poor, give factories to committees & govt power to Soviets (the councils ). </li></ul>
  25. 26. <ul><li>Oct 1917, the Bolsheviks had a majority in 2 important Soviets (Moscow & Petrograd, led by Leon Trotsky ). </li></ul>
  26. 27. <ul><li>Bolsheviks seize Winter Palace on Nov. 6 th & destroy Provisional Govt. </li></ul><ul><li>All Russian Congress of Soviets meets in Petrograd, but Lenin fakes turning over power (kept </li></ul><ul><li>it for himself) </li></ul>
  27. 28. <ul><li>Bolsheviks (now called Communists ) </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Brest-Litovsk gave Germany land to get out of war humiliating Russia : Poland, Finland, Ukraine & Baltics. </li></ul>
  28. 29. <ul><li>Many oppose Communists </li></ul><ul><li>(Cossacks, </li></ul><ul><li>liberals, </li></ul><ul><li>socialists). </li></ul><ul><li>Allies send </li></ul><ul><li>troops & supplies to fight Communists. </li></ul>
  29. 30. <ul><li>April 1918 royal family jailed. Murdered on July 16 th </li></ul><ul><li>( or are </li></ul><ul><li>they?) </li></ul>
  30. 32. COMMUNIST RED ARMY <ul><li>1918-1921: Communist Red Army fights against Anti- Communist White Army . </li></ul>
  31. 33. <ul><li>By 1920, White army is defeated. </li></ul><ul><li>& Communists take over Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan & Armenia </li></ul>
  32. 34. RUSSIAN CIVIL WAR
  33. 35. <ul><li>WHY DID THE COMMUNIST REDS WIN? : </li></ul><ul><li>Communists used WAR COMMUNISM - govt control of banks, industry, wheat & centralization of govt to get supplies for army. </li></ul>
  34. 36. THE CHEKA <ul><li>Used Red secret police – called the CHEKA - to destroy anyone against the new govt. </li></ul>
  35. 37. <ul><li>DON’T WRITE </li></ul><ul><li>Trotsky was brilliant </li></ul><ul><li>Had single-minded purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-communist disorganized & not united </li></ul><ul><li>Allies were hated for supporting anti-communists </li></ul>

×