IMPERIALISM IN AFRICA
IMPERIALISM <ul><li>IMPERIALISM - extending a nation’s power over other lands .  </li></ul>
<ul><li>Africa seen as new sources of things Euro wanted such as:   </li></ul><ul><li>1. Raw materials  </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>4.Rivalries w/ other nations- </li></ul><ul><li>5.  Social Darwinism : survival of the fittest & racist beliefs  <...
<ul><li>6.  White Man’s   Burden”-   belief that European’s had a responsibility to civilize primitive people </li></ul><u...
EMPIRE BUILDING IN AFRICA:   <ul><li>(Don’t write) Slave trade banned by 1890s so look to other  </li></ul><ul><li>forms o...
<ul><li>Euro sold textiles & manufactured goods in exchange for resources such as peanuts, timber, palm oil. </li></ul>
IMPERIALISM <ul><li>Gold Coast 1 st  colony when the Brits annex it. </li></ul><ul><li>Brits set up  PROTECTORATE  (must d...
MRS. BARNES WHEN SHE WAKES UP
EUROPE DIVIDES AFRICA: DON’T WRITE <ul><li>Ger, Br, Port, Belgium claim same land.  </li></ul><ul><li>Meet at  Berlin Conf...
 
EXPLORATION: DON’T WRITE! <ul><li>Many explorers come to Africa including  David Livingston  who gets lost.  </li></ul><ul...
<ul><li>Egypt part of  Ottoman Empire until  MUHAMMAD ALI  took over & est separate Egyptian state.  </li></ul><ul><li>Mod...
SUEZ CANAL <ul><li>Ferdinand de Lesseps designs  SUEZ   CANAL  in 1864 to connect Red Sea to Mediterranean Sea for faster ...
SUEZ CANAL <ul><li>Brits buy out Egypt’s share of canal & then take over Egypt </li></ul>
INDIRECT RULE <ul><li>Brits used  INDIRECT RULE - local rulers kept positions of power & followed colonizer’s rules. </li>...
DIRECT RULE <ul><li>France used  DIRECT RULE -local officials removed from </li></ul><ul><li>power & replaced w/ new set o...
MRS. BARNES & MR BARNES ON THEIR WEDDING DAY
CHANGES IN AFRICA <ul><li>1. Colonizers believed society would be better  </li></ul><ul><li>2. Colonizers created new govt...
changes <ul><li>4.  Colonized felt anger </li></ul><ul><li>inferiority.  </li></ul><ul><li>5. Lost freedom and & self-dete...
<ul><li>4. New class of leaders educated in colonial schools & learn western ideas </li></ul><ul><li>5. Hate foreigner’s  ...
BRITISH IN INDIA
<ul><li>DON’T WRITE! </li></ul><ul><li>Brits powerful & move into India. </li></ul><ul><li>British East India Trading Comp...
BRITISH EAST INDIA COMPANY <ul><li>BETC wants resources & new markets </li></ul>
SEPOY REBELLION <ul><li>BETC had own soldiers & hired Indians  ( Sepoys )  to defend company interests,  </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Thought bullets were greased in cow & pig fat ( Sepoys were  Hindu or Muslim & this was against beliefs)  </li></ul>
SEPOY REBELLION <ul><li>Revolt spreads, but fails b/c  problems btw  Hindu’s & Muslims </li></ul>
QUEEN VICTORIA <ul><li>BETC loses power & Br govt  takes over  </li></ul><ul><li>Queen Victoria  becomes  Empress   </li><...
<ul><li>Brit rules through a  VICEROY -governor who represents  monarch </li></ul>
<ul><li>Benefits of Brit rule  included: </li></ul><ul><li>order, stability, new school system, RRs, telegraphs, & trains ...
<ul><li>Problems caused :  </li></ul><ul><li>Manufactured goods destroy local industry </li></ul><ul><li>grow cotton, not ...
INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS <ul><li>Indian nationalists want reform & meet in 1885  to form  Indian National Congress .  ( ed...
TAJ MAHAL
<ul><li>Hindu majority & Muslim minority.  </li></ul><ul><li>Muslims want separate  Muslim League.   </li></ul><ul><li>Afr...
MOHANDA GANDHI <ul><li>Mohandas   Gandhi,  lawyer, studied in London </li></ul><ul><li>saw racism against Indians.  </li><...
INDIAN INDEPENDENCE <ul><li>Led marches & boycotts. </li></ul><ul><li>used traditional  Indian dress, language, seen as a ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

L:\Imperialism In Africa

779 views

Published on

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
779
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
23
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
14
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

L:\Imperialism In Africa

  1. 1. IMPERIALISM IN AFRICA
  2. 2. IMPERIALISM <ul><li>IMPERIALISM - extending a nation’s power over other lands . </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Africa seen as new sources of things Euro wanted such as: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Raw materials </li></ul><ul><li>2.new markets to sell </li></ul><ul><li>goods </li></ul><ul><li>3. direct control of </li></ul><ul><li>markets </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>4.Rivalries w/ other nations- </li></ul><ul><li>5. Social Darwinism : survival of the fittest & racist beliefs </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>6. White Man’s Burden”- belief that European’s had a responsibility to civilize primitive people </li></ul><ul><li>7. spread Christianity </li></ul>                    
  6. 6. EMPIRE BUILDING IN AFRICA: <ul><li>(Don’t write) Slave trade banned by 1890s so look to other </li></ul><ul><li>forms of trade. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Euro sold textiles & manufactured goods in exchange for resources such as peanuts, timber, palm oil. </li></ul>
  8. 8. IMPERIALISM <ul><li>Gold Coast 1 st colony when the Brits annex it. </li></ul><ul><li>Brits set up PROTECTORATE (must depend on another govt) in Nigeria. </li></ul><ul><li>Others compete for the rest of Africa (all but Liberia & Ethiopia taken by 1914 </li></ul>
  9. 9. MRS. BARNES WHEN SHE WAKES UP
  10. 10. EUROPE DIVIDES AFRICA: DON’T WRITE <ul><li>Ger, Br, Port, Belgium claim same land. </li></ul><ul><li>Meet at Berlin Conference in 1884 & divide up Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>No African reps </li></ul>
  11. 12. EXPLORATION: DON’T WRITE! <ul><li>Many explorers come to Africa including David Livingston who gets lost. </li></ul><ul><li>Is found by journalist </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Stanley who </li></ul><ul><li>talks Leopold II of </li></ul><ul><li>Belgium into </li></ul><ul><li>colonizing Congo . </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Egypt part of Ottoman Empire until MUHAMMAD ALI took over & est separate Egyptian state. </li></ul><ul><li>Modernized army, reformed schools, created industries. </li></ul>
  13. 14. SUEZ CANAL <ul><li>Ferdinand de Lesseps designs SUEZ CANAL in 1864 to connect Red Sea to Mediterranean Sea for faster shipping </li></ul>
  14. 15. SUEZ CANAL <ul><li>Brits buy out Egypt’s share of canal & then take over Egypt </li></ul>
  15. 16. INDIRECT RULE <ul><li>Brits used INDIRECT RULE - local rulers kept positions of power & followed colonizer’s rules. </li></ul><ul><li>Kept local customs, </li></ul><ul><li>but caused </li></ul><ul><li>tension </li></ul>
  16. 17. DIRECT RULE <ul><li>France used DIRECT RULE -local officials removed from </li></ul><ul><li>power & replaced w/ new set of officials from mother country </li></ul>
  17. 18. MRS. BARNES & MR BARNES ON THEIR WEDDING DAY
  18. 19. CHANGES IN AFRICA <ul><li>1. Colonizers believed society would be better </li></ul><ul><li>2. Colonizers created new govts (direct or indirect) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Educated people in colonizers language & religion </li></ul>
  19. 20. changes <ul><li>4. Colonized felt anger </li></ul><ul><li>inferiority. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Lost freedom and & self-determination. Desire for nationalism grew </li></ul><ul><li>6. Became labor to produce raw materials </li></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>4. New class of leaders educated in colonial schools & learn western ideas </li></ul><ul><li>5. Hate foreigner’s </li></ul><ul><li>presence . </li></ul><ul><li>6. Forced different ethnic groups together who </li></ul>
  21. 22. BRITISH IN INDIA
  22. 23. <ul><li>DON’T WRITE! </li></ul><ul><li>Brits powerful & move into India. </li></ul><ul><li>British East India Trading Company given power by govt to help w/ military & political affairs. </li></ul>
  23. 24. BRITISH EAST INDIA COMPANY <ul><li>BETC wants resources & new markets </li></ul>
  24. 25. SEPOY REBELLION <ul><li>BETC had own soldiers & hired Indians ( Sepoys ) to defend company interests, </li></ul><ul><li>but Sepoys </li></ul><ul><li>refused orders </li></ul><ul><li>& rebel </li></ul>
  25. 26. <ul><li>Thought bullets were greased in cow & pig fat ( Sepoys were Hindu or Muslim & this was against beliefs) </li></ul>
  26. 27. SEPOY REBELLION <ul><li>Revolt spreads, but fails b/c problems btw Hindu’s & Muslims </li></ul>
  27. 28. QUEEN VICTORIA <ul><li>BETC loses power & Br govt takes over </li></ul><ul><li>Queen Victoria becomes Empress </li></ul>
  28. 29. <ul><li>Brit rules through a VICEROY -governor who represents monarch </li></ul>
  29. 30. <ul><li>Benefits of Brit rule included: </li></ul><ul><li>order, stability, new school system, RRs, telegraphs, & trains for transportation of goods & people. </li></ul>
  30. 31. <ul><li>Problems caused : </li></ul><ul><li>Manufactured goods destroy local industry </li></ul><ul><li>grow cotton, not food, </li></ul><ul><li>Brits get best jobs </li></ul><ul><li>No respect for culture </li></ul><ul><li>Corrupt tax </li></ul><ul><li>collectors </li></ul>
  31. 32. INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS <ul><li>Indian nationalists want reform & meet in 1885 to form Indian National Congress . ( educated in colonial schools) </li></ul><ul><li>INC want share in governing process & Indian </li></ul><ul><li>independence </li></ul>
  32. 33. TAJ MAHAL
  33. 34. <ul><li>Hindu majority & Muslim minority. </li></ul><ul><li>Muslims want separate Muslim League. </li></ul><ul><li>Afraid Hindus will </li></ul><ul><li>overrun all others . </li></ul>
  34. 35. MOHANDA GANDHI <ul><li>Mohandas Gandhi, lawyer, studied in London </li></ul><ul><li>saw racism against Indians. </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted India’s independence. </li></ul>
  35. 36. INDIAN INDEPENDENCE <ul><li>Led marches & boycotts. </li></ul><ul><li>used traditional Indian dress, language, seen as a spiritual leader </li></ul><ul><li>Helps get independence in 1947. </li></ul>

×